The period we are in Nigeria is a unique time in history as a nation. The country has in recent times, witnessed an unprecedented magnitude of violence that has shaken the unity of Nigeria. The study therefore examined the challenges to peace building in Nigeria. . The study had adopted descriptive perspective in its analysis of the secondary data obtained for the study. The data obtained indicated that violent conflict from the ramous region and tribes of Nigeria is rooted in the conflict diversity of the citizens and bad governance structure. The study concluded that gives the present political and economic structure, the prospects of achieving peace are less probable, unless, the government of Nigeria would generate political will to address huge human capital development afflict, invest In infrastructure, and re-engineer political consensus on socio-economic and political development in the country.
Conflict is inevitable and part of the society. A conflict can be encountered in the home, between a husband and his wife, between parents and their children. Conflicts can also be between friends, colleagues, a teacher and his students, and even between religious leaders, politicians, traders, just mention it. Conflict is not entirely negative. The society needs conflict to advance as conflicts enable people know their rights, duties and short comings. The manner a conflict is handled is very important. Language at this juncture, plays an indispensable role in managing conflicts on one hand, and on the other hand, escalating a conflict. In other words, the paper explores language as an instrument capable of deescalating or escalating a conflict.
Music as Non-Visual Medium For Entertainment, Peace Building, and National Security: A Study of Selected Nigerian Artistes (Published)
This paper is a study of the contributions of the medium of music as a tool for entertainment, in peace building and engendering national security which, sometimes, spreads to other climes. It focuses on the musical genre, examining the roles of three popular Nigerian musicians, two living and one dead, towards the peace process. Sonny Okosun, of blessed memory, and his kinsman, Sir Victor Uwaifo, were more of pan-African campaigners who, through the lyrics and messages of their songs which cut across tribes, cultures and climes, spread their tentacles even beyond the shores of Nigeria, preaching the gospel of peace, freedom and unity. Onyeka Onwenu, on her part, has also preached love, reconciliation and peace, with her musical renditions done in English and the different Nigerian dialects. The central thrust of the paper is the analysis of some lyrics of the selected songs of the musicians under study. The Critical Theory and Cultural Studies will suffice as the theoretical basis for the discussion of the role of music as a medium for entertainment, peace building and national security from the perspective of the lyrics of the musicians under review. It recommends governmental, individual and collective efforts at giving a breath of life into the music industry.
After over 54 years of the discovery of oil and gas in over 500 communities in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria, the people are still “poor, neglected, under-developed and backward” resulting from suffocation occasioned by the Nigerian State, and the hazards and conflicts associated with oil and gas exploration / exploitation. This was followed closely by the prolonged, unfruitful peaceful negotiations that the people, spearheaded by the youths, have in recent times resorted to violent disruption of oil installations, kidnapping, hostage-taking and militia activities in the region. This paper is focused on the appraisal of the efforts of the Federal Government’s interventionist Agencies over the years with specific emphasis on the Niger Delta Development Commission (NDDC) between 2001 and 2010. This appraisal is imperative since the mandate of NDDC is to “resolve conflict and build peace” thereby restoring the confidence of the people in the region. It is the conviction of the author therefore that, the paper is significant in several respects and the findings and recommendations will to a significant extent forestall the looming war which in turn will guarantee peace and sustainable Community Development in the region.