Motifs and Patterns in Achebe’s Novels (Published)
This paper examines the novels of Chinua Achebe; Things Fall Apart, No Longer at Ease, Arrow of God, A Man of the People, and Anthills of the Savannah to determine common motifs and patterns running through them. These motifs and patterns are arrived at after a critical reading of the novels. Subsequently, the researchers apply Sociolinguistic Functional Stylistics (SFS) in the analysis of the motifs in the novels. The paper observes that the recurring literary elements and techniques include change in point of view, folktales, proverbs, rhetoric, Igbo (vernacular) words, songs, Pidgin English, prayers, corruption, and in medias res plot. The paper concludes that the motifs and patterns enhance the meanings of the works, add to their aesthetic quality, while the folklore elements give them the outlook of African Literature. Things Fall Apart and Arrow of God are concerned with the pre-colonial and colonial Igbo society, while No Longer at Ease, A Man of the People and Anthills of the Savannah are preoccupied with the developments in postcolonial or post-independence Nigeria. The paper recommends that critics and writers of African Literature should emphasize on the aesthetic, thematic and folkloric qualities.
An investigation study on the patterns and roles of language selection: A case study the use of Jordanian Arabic language in school (Published)
This paper investigates the relationship between the roles and patterns of language selection in EFL classroom in a Jordanian primary school. It employs the overall order model, specifically the medium of classroom interaction, to identify three patterns of language selection: an English monolingual medium, an Arabic monolingual medium and a bilingual medium. Then, an investigating analysis of the relationship between specific patterns of language selection and broad beneficial categories of code switching (CS) was conducted. No one to one relationship between a specific beneficial category and a specific pattern exists. One Language pattern can serve different roles. From a detailed analysis, it is apparent that teachers in EFL classroom try, as far as possible, to use the English monolingual medium to conduct pre-planned curriculum activities. However, when teachers and students departed from these prescribed activities, they used Arabic, either the Arabic monolingual medium or a bilingual medium, to serve different roles, such as accessing the curriculum, managing the classroom and establishing interpersonal relationships. On the other hand, the use of the prescribed medium (English monolingual) was never used to enhance interpersonal Relationships. . Her major research interests are in discourse analysis (DA), computer-mediated discourse analysis (CMDA), computer-assisted language learning (CALL) and computer supported collaborative learning (CSCL), with a concentrate on wiki-mediated writing activities. He is also interested in bilingual interaction, especially bilingual classroom Interaction and the use of L1in Foreign language classroom.
Patterns and Prevalence of Gambling Behaviour among Youths in South-West Nigeria: A Case Study of Youths in Oyo and Ekiti State (Published)
Gambling has become an activity that most Nigerian youths and adolescents engaged in, with accessibility due to available internet. This study, therefore, aimed to investigate the patterns and prevalence of gambling behavior among youths in the South-West Nigeria. 320 participants were involved in the study. Four hypotheses were tested and result shows that there is a significant difference in the gambling behaviour of youth in Oyo and Ekiti State, Nigeria based on age (F(2,294) = 2.793, P(.009)<.05).also the research showed that there is a significant relationship between financial strain and gambling behaviour (r(297) = .561p<.05). Also, there is a significant relationship between personality and gambling. (r(297) = .275 p<.05). Furthermore, it was revealed that there is a relationship between depression and gambling behaviour. (r(297) = .321 p<.05). Findings were discussed in line with extant literature and recommendations were made.
Addressing Patterns in the Angkola Mandailing Through “Biola Na Mabugang” Reconstruction (Published)
This paper deals with the patterns of addressing Angkola Mandailing society. Three aspects of addressing patterns: 1) the classifications, b) the methods and 3) the purposes. It is found seven patterns of addressing people in Mandailing Angkola, namely; i) respect ii) honor iii) helping iv) family building v) intimate relationship vi) problem solving and vii) marriage. Then, the descriptive qualitative method was used to achieve the objectives of the reserach. The data were obtained and analyzed from “Biola na Mabugang” text. The findings showed that there are 15 of 33 classifications of addressing found “Biola na Mabugang”. Then, the patterns of addressing are based on the system of the Dalihan na Tolu (three main kinship elements; kahanggi, mora and anak boru). Last, the existence of parents, children and fellows play an important role in the preservation of addressing patterns of the Angkola Mandailing society of South Tapanuli Regency.
Stylistic Structuring: Syntactic Patterns of Advertising Slogans in Bamenda Urban Council of the North West Region of Cameroon (Published)
A slogan is a short, catchy and memorable phrase designed to capture the importance of a product. It portrays the brand’s identity, creates a sense of likability in the brand name and is used to convey a message about the service of the product it represents. The article was designed to investigate the structural patterns of clauses and groups used in slogans collected from billboards, bar walls and doorposts, put up by different business establishments in Bamenda, in the North West Region of Cameroon. The study is based on the Rank Scale systematic approach of Halliday. The results reveal that there are different kinds of structures such as, the declarative, imperative, nonfinite verbal clause, parallel structure, nominal group, prepositional group and adverb group used in the slogans, and these structures, in the different ways they function, all act in persuading the consumer to buy their products.
Parental Patterns in Socialization: A Factor in Moral Behaviour of Secondary School Students in Abakaliki Education Zone of Ebonyi State (Published)
The study is designed to investigate parental patterns in socialization a factor in moral behaviour of secondary school students in Abakaliki education zone of Ebonyi State. Two research questions were raised to guide the study. Descriptive survey design adopted to find out if parental pattern in socialization is a factor in moral behaviour of students; the area of the study is Abakaliki education zone of Ebonyi State, while the population comprised all the 52 government owned schools. Simple random sampling technique was used to select 400 students out of the 10,427 students in the area. Structured questionnaire was used to collect data from the respondents. Mean was used to analyze data obtained. The result revealed that parental patterns in socialization is a major factor that predisposes the children’s behaviour either morally or immorally and suggested that parental choice of good training patterns will enhance the moral behaviour of their children positively. Based on the findings, recommendations were made on how to make positive impact on children’s life as prescribed by Christian doctrine or precept.