Tag Archives: Pattern

Evaluation of the Weather-Influenza Pattern with a Regression Model Approximation to Causality (Published)

Once at a time, this author starts a research in the relations between Australia’s number of case in influenza and weather. The outcome has been hypothesised with a structural equation model (SEM). In this paper, the author tries to evaluate the model. It is true that one can apply the evaluation to both of the formative measurement model and structural model through certain suitable procedures. At the same time, this author approximates the model by linear regression method. The result is one can apply the regression to the Hayes’ Process model and find out the wanted model with mediation and moderation effects. In addition, one can also use the Granger Causality Test to examine all of the hypothesised causal relationships between those independent variables such as temperature, wettest_1, concentration of carbon dioxide, strongest wind and coolest and the number case of influenza infected etc. The final outcome is that Hayes’ model 91 is the best mediated one with carbon dioxide as the moderated factor. This author will also explain in details why we have the above prescribed Hayes’ model 91 as the proposed regression model approximation to causality from the SPSS data analysis.

Keywords: Causality, Model, Pattern, Regression, approximation, weather-influenza

Fingerprint Distribution Patterns in Diabetics and Non-Diabetics at Central Hospital, Benin City Nigeria (Published)

Fingerprints are skin markings delineated by epidermal ridge patterns present on the skin of the fingers and palms of the hand. It has been referenced as a supportive and predictive tool for personal identification and gene-linked disorder. The aim of this study was to determine dermatoglyphic features among diabetic and non-diabetic control at Central Hospital, Benin- City. Nigeria. The diabetic patients (100) comprised of fifty (50) males and fifty (50) females who had their fingerprint distribution pattern compared with equal number of healthy control subjects with the aid of semi-structured questionnaire and a computer based Hp Scanjet scanner. Data collected were subjected to analysis using Chi-square and p-value < 0.05 was considered significant. The results generally showed insignificant (p>0.05) differences in the fingerprint distribution pattern between the diabetics and the control. The ulnar loop and whorl patterns were insignificantly (p>0.05) more while the arch and radial loop patterns were insignificantly (p>0.05) lesser in diabetics compared to control. The inference from this study is that fingerprint distribution pattern is not a definitive predictive tool for type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Keywords: Benin City, Central Hospital, Controls, Diabetics, Fingerprint, Pattern

Stakeholders’ Opinions on the Applicability of Armed School Policy as Deterrence for Activities of Unconventional Militias in Nigerian North Central Schools (Published)

The study finds out opinions of parents, school staffs and students, who are here referred as stakeholders, on the applicability of armed school policy as deterrence for activities of unconventional militias such as Boko Harram, in Nigerian north central schools. From the population of the stakeholders, a total sample of 1232 respondents were sampled using cluster sampling technique, for parents and students and incidental sampling technique for school staffs. The populations were represented as following: 442(35.87%) of parents; 400 (32.46%) of school staff and 390 (31.65%) of students. Data were collected using a researcher-made questionnaire titled Armed School Policy Questionnaire (ASPQ). ASPQ was validated and has reliability co-efficient of 0.72. Data were analyzed using percentages and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). Findings revealed that 91.1% of parents, 77.7% of school staff and 100% of students wanted the schools in North-Central Nigeria to be guided by armed security personnel. Among these, 76.5% wanted the armed personnel to be permanently present in the schools; 18.6% and 4.1% wanted them occasionally and only on invitation, respectively. Besides, the stakeholders believed that application of armed school policy in the zone would provide security and deter crimes. Only 9.7% of parents and 26% of school staff believed presence of armed personnel would amount to security threat. It was therefore concluded that application of armed school policy would secure life and property in schools and would be appreciated by education stakeholders in North-Central Nigeria.

Keywords: Militia, Pattern, Personnel, armed personnel, unconventional

Pattern of Neurological admissions in the tropics: Experience at Abakaliki South-Eastern Nigeria (Review Completed - Accepted)

Background: The pattern of neurological admissions varies amongst different regions of the world and this depends on many factors including the regional burden of neurological disorders.

Objective: To study the pattern of neurological admissions in a tertiary health centre in Abakaliki South Eastern Nigeria and to compare it with that from other parts of the country.

Methods: A review of admissions into the medical wards of the Federal Teaching Hospital Abakaliki south-eastern Nigeria from July 2012 to June 2013 was done using the register of admissions and discharges.

Results: Out of 1247 patients admitted in medical ward over the study period, 267 (21%) had neurological disorders with mean age of 55.1±20.2years. There were 154(58%) males and 113(42%) females, with a sex ratio of 4:3. Seventy two percent of the patients were between 30 and 69years. Stroke accounted for 62% (166) of the neurologic admissions. Others were central nervous system (CNS) infections, seizure disorders, hypertensive encephalopathy, myelopathies, CNS tumors and neurodegenerative disorders in descending order of frequency.

Conclusion: The burden of neurological disorders is high with male preponderance in Abakaliki south-eastern Nigeria mainly of the productive population. Stroke and CNS infections were the most prevalent neurological disorders identified which are both largely preventable. There should be good health planning that will address the enormous neurological disease burden and emphasize preventive health.


Keywords: Abakaliki, Neurological Admissions, Nigeria, Pattern

Pattern of Fencing and Impacts in Urban Auchi, Edo State, Nigeria (Published)

This study examines the pattern and impact of fencing in Auchi, Edo State Nigeria. The objectives among others identified the compliance to fence standards and the role of the planning authorities in the area. Data for this study were generated from primary and secondary sources. Questionnaires, field measurements and interviews were the major tools for data collections. The study observed that very many houses were fenced in the area but the fencing was without observance to building codes and standard. While some fences were constructed right on and over the right of ways, some were seen to be too high. This pattern of fencing was found to be having negative impacts on the development of Auchi. Among the impacts were traffic congestion, accidents, erosion and flooding and poor aesthetics. The study also observed that the planning authority in the area were not up to their responsibility in the control of development in Auchi. Among the recommendations given to correct this pattern of development were urban renewal exercise and the making of a master plan which will comprehensively guide the area for sustainable physical development.

Keywords: Edo, Fence, Impacts, Nigeria, Pattern, Urban