Ensuring Quality Early Childhood Education Provision: The Indispensable Role of Parents in the Effutu Municipality of Ghana (Published)
There is a notion that children are the hope of the future of a society. This has led to Early Childhood Education becoming the focus of debate at all levels of government. However, the benefits emanating from Early Childhood Education cannot be realized on its own without a key component of the indispensable role parents play. Consequently, this ethnographic research employed a focus group interview to collect data from 14 participants from the Effutu Municipality to answer the research questions formulated to guide the study. The study found that if parents actively involve themselves in the education of their children, it can build a rapport between them and the school to be informed about what goes on in the school about their children so they can continue at home. This can increase their children’s happiness at school, and possibly encourage them to participate in school activities. However, the study found that the parents were faced with challenges ranging from financial constraint and their lack of education to wrongly prioritizing their children’s education which potentially prevented them from living up to their parental expectation. From the findings, it is recommended that parents should re-orient their perception and attitude towards early childhood education and consider it to be a critical stage in their children’s educational ladder and subsequent general development as human beings. They should also visit their children’s schools whenever need be, and they should have time for their children and be interested in their education.
This paper examines the impact of private secondary school on examination malpractices in Nigeria. It also explain the impact of the school management, teachers, parents, government agents and students on examination malpractices in Nigeria. However, it also discussed the causes and effects of Examination Malpractices on the academic achievement of the private secondary schools students. Yet, it emphasis the factors that influence the students on examination malpractice in private secondary schools. Similarly, it states the outcomes of examination malpractices on the academic performance of the secondary schools students in Nigeria. Thus, the implications of examination malpractice on the student’s academic achievement were thoroughly discussed.
Analysis of the impact of Television Programme on Primary School Children Learning Behaviour in Awka Urban (Published)
Television viewing among young children has been an on-going issue as it is found to affect their development in various areas. This problem is getting more worrisome as the percentage and amount of hours of television exposure among young children is increasing especially with the growing production of children’s television programs. The paper therefore analyzes the impact of these television programmers’ on primary school children learning behaviour. The study is guided by Albert Bandura’s, social learning theory which distinguishes between enactive and vicarious learning by doing and experiencing the consequences of your actions. Vicarious learning is learning by observing others. Primary and secondary data were collected and analyzed qualitatively. It is important for your children as the people of tomorrow to be media literate, educative programmes enhance the intellectual ability of the children. Hence academic level of these children understudy is highly discouraging. Parents should set limits discuss with their young children about what is right and what is wrong especially on aggressive behaviours.
Most parents have derelicted in their duties of parenting especially in the area of supervision. They fail to realize that as parents, they have certain rights and responsibilities in the upbringing of their children. These behavioural patterns among some parents have affected most children and youths adversely as they tend to be ‘wild’ and morally bankrupt. This paper thus addresses the issue of proper parental supervision on their children and wards so as to train their children and build up good morals in them. It posited also that a morally sound person is the pride of his or her family, nation and by extension helps in the sustenance and development of the nation. Literatures reviewed amidst guided observations threw more light to the work. Suggestions were rendered on how parents, the government should help is seeing that children and youths are well supervised.
Psychological Determinations of Child Abuse among Parents in Kontagora Emirate of Niger State, Nigeria (Published)
The study examined psychological determination of child abuse among parents in Kontagora Emirate of Niger State. A descriptive survey research design was employed. A random sampling technique was used to select subject from the parents and a total of 400 parents were selected for the study. 170 were males, 230 were females, 120 were Christians while 280 were Muslim inclination, 260 were public servants and 140 were self-employed parents. The instrument used for the study was a self-developed structured Psychological Determinant of Child Abuse (PDCA) with reliability index of 0.76. It was revealed that stress, tension, frustration, the child’s behaviour as well as parents’ relationship are factors responsible for child abuse among others. Recommendations were made as to how parents should be taught child and home management techniques and skills.
Assessing Young Children’s Social Competence: The Greek Version of the Social Competence Scale for Preschoolers-Parent Version (Published)
Successful social functioning in the kindergarten is related to future academic success and is regarded as one of the basic goals of the curriculum. Assessment of social competence is therefore critical to identify children at risk for poor outcomes and to provide evidence for the effectiveness of relevant activities and programs. Parents are considered quite reliable informants regarding children’s social competence and measurements should include relevant behaviors that may develop regardless context and situation. The purpose of present study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Greek version of the Social Competence Scale-Parent version (SCS-P), taking into account that relevant robust measures of social competence are lacking with reference to the Greek context. Mothers of 913 children attending public kindergartens, aged 4-6 years, participated in the study, from 33 prefectures of Greece. Exploratory factor analysis revealed two robust and reliable factors. Only two items did not load onto the expected factor showing the value-laden and culture specific nature of social competence.
Influence of Demographic Factors on Inter-Parental Conflict in Ruiru Sub-County Kiambu County Kenya (Published)
This paper analyses demographic factors that influence inter-parental conflict in Ruiru Sub-county, Kenya. The demographic factors include parental level of education, parental occupation, and age at marriage. The paper is drawn from a study that was undertaken in Ruiru Sub-county, Kiambu County in Kenya seeking to examine the effect of inter-parental conflict on academic achievement motivation among form three students. This paper thus makes reference to both the children’s and parents’ perceptions of how these factors influence inter-parental conflict. Guided by Abraham Maslow’s Hierachy of needs theory and Martin Selgman’s Learned Helplessness Theory, the study adopts a mixed method research design targeting form three students in the 31 public and private secondary schools in Ruiru Sub-county and their parents. A total of 281 randomly sampled students and 10 participated in the study through a Children Perception of Inter-parental Conflict Questionnaire (CPIC) and Focus Group Discussion Protocol for the selected parents. Data analysis was done both descriptively and using inferential statistics. These demographics factors were found to influence inter-parental conflict at different levels and therefore a recommendation was made that parents make effort to manage and resolve conflict before it escalates into hostilities and violence.
Effects of Inter-Parental Conflict on Academic Achievement Motivation of Form Three Students in Ruiru Sub-County Kenya (Published)
This study sought to examine the effects of inter-parental conflict on form three students in Ruiru Sub- County Kenya. It was guided by four theories: Abraham Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs theory; Martin Selgman’s Learned Helplessness Theory, Grych and Fincham Cognitive Contextual Framework Theory and Urie Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Systems Theory. A mixed method research design was adopted for the study. The population of the study comprised of 281 Form three students from31 public and private secondary schools in Ruiru sub-county. Children Perception of Inter-parental Conflict Questionnaire (CPIC) Academic Motivation Survey (AMS) for Students, an Interview Schedule for Guidance and Counselling Master/Mistress and a Focus Group Discussion Protocol for parents of the students were used in data collection. Data collected was analysed using both descriptive and inferential statistics. The findings disclosed that there was a significant relationship between inter-parental conflict and students’ academic achievement motivation in qualitative data.
Impact of Non-Payment of School Levies by Parents on Secondary School Programmes and Projects in Ainabkoi Sub-County, Uasin-Gishu County, Kenya (Published)
Service delivery in educational institutions is entirely dependent on financing. In Kenya, public secondary school education services are financially supported by both government subsidy and parents’ payment of minimal levies. This study focused on the role of parents in payment of school levies. The study sought to establish effects of non-payment of school levies by parents on service delivery in selected public secondary schools. Based on the study, this paper examines the influence of non-payments of school levies by parents on school programmes and projects. The study utilized descriptive survey research design. It targeted 31 public secondary schools in Ainabkoi Sub-County of Uasin Gishu County. A total of 18 public secondary schools were sampled using stratified random sampling. All of the schools’ principals (18) and bursars (18) were sampled purposively. The research data was then collected using open-ended interview schedule and document analysis methods. The quantitative data was analysed using descriptive statistics (tables, frequencies, percentages and graphs) with the help of SPSS (Statistical package for the social Sciences version 20 for Windows) program. From the interviews, the study established that non-payment of school levies by parents negatively affected educational programmes and school projects. Document analysis also indicated that all the schools had arrears of unpaid levies by parents across the three years from 2012-2014. It was therefore concluded that non-payment of school levies was a critical threat to school programmes and school projects. In accordance with these research results, the schools, the Ministry of Education and other sponsors of education in secondary schools should enforce school fees payment regulations. Moreover, parents should be sensitized on the importance of paying school levies on time. Similarly, future researchers should consider modalities of levy payment, for better service delivery.
Indiscipline in Public Secondary Schools in Yenagoa Local Government Area in Bayelsa State. (Published)
Indiscipline is a problem in our secondary schools. The incessant occurrence of chaotic situations and sometimes criminal behaviour of the students are causes for concern for parents, teachers and government. The purpose of this study is to examine the causes of indiscipline amongst secondary schools students in Yenagoa Local Government Area. Three research questions were used to direct the study. While the selection of the study samples was from the population. A structured and validated rating scale designed in two sections was the main instrument for the collection of data. The collected data were analyzed and presented in tabular form using various indiscipline acts exhibited by students. The analysis indicated that indiscipline is caused by the home environment, the school environment, and the society at large to a large extent. The parental absence and poor moral upbringing of the child have resulted in the numerous acts of indiscipline. It was therefore recommended that parents should not neglect their children, but sees them as more important than the jobs they do for a living. The society should not over-emphasis on material gains more than morality and ethics. Government should properly fund education. In other to stem indiscipline, specific disciplinary actions should be meted out against indiscipline students, to discourage others from being unruly.
Role of Parents in Value Re-Orientation of Youths within Families in Ehime Mbano Local Government Area Imo State (Published)
The study focused on the roles of parents in value re-orientation of youths within families in Ehime Mbano local government area of Imo state. Specifically, the study sought to find out the roles of parents in reducing indecent dressing, cultism, prostitution and examination malpractices among youths in Ehime Mbano local government area of Imo state. A descriptive research design was used for the study. The total population of the respondent were 5050 while the sample size was 200. A structured questionnaire was used as an instrument for data collection. Data collected were analysed with the use of mean ( ). The results of the study showed that parents have a role in reducing indecent dressing, cultism, prostitution and examination malpractices among youths in Ehime Mbano local government area of Imo state. It is based on this that the study recommended that parents should be knowledgeable in matters that affect children, and should ensure that their children get the best from home training which will help them in the socio-economic development of the country and it therefore call for sensitisation for parents on their role in the moral upbringing of their wards.
This study was carried out to examine the relationship between child abuse and aggressive behaviour among secondary school students in Ekiti State, Nigeria. A descriptive research design of survey type was adopted for the study. The population for this study comprised all public secondary school students in Ekiti State. The sample consisted of 200 students drawn from five secondary schools through simple random sampling. A self- designed questionnaire tagged “Child Abuse and Behavioural Problems Questionnaire” (CABPQ) was used to collect data. Expert judgments were used to ensure face and content validity. Test-retest method was used to determine the reliability and a reliability coefficient of 0.70 was obtained. Data collected were analysed by using frequency counts and percentages for descriptive analysis. The hypothesis was tested by using Pearson Product Moment Correlation. The result revealed that there is a significant positive relationship between child abuse and aggressive behaviour among the students. Based on this finding, it was recommended among others, that policy makers in the country should embark on policy actions that would facilitate the prevention of aggressive behaviour and that there should be a regular series of lectures for the students on the topic “Aggressive behaviours and its implications”. Also, it was recommended that regular talks should be given to parents on proper ways of treating one’s child, during Parents Teachers Association (PTA) meetings.