The present paper discusses the economic features of the current Covid-19 outbreak and its relation to labor markets and new skills in demand. It mainly focuses in analysing the recent global trends in affected sectors, examines the current unemployment issues while deepens in the kind of new skills and soft skills in demand that are necessary for an easier transition to the new Covid-19 way of life.
Media Dependency and Information-Seeking Behaviour of Uyo Residents during the Covid 19 Pandemic in Nigeria (Published)
This study examined media dependency and information-seeking behaviour of Uyo residents during the Covid-19 pandemic in Nigeria. The study adopted the survey research method with questionnaire as an instrument for gathering data. The population of the study comprised of Akwa Ibom State residents based on the 2018 National Population Commission (NPC) projected census figure of 2006 taken at 3.4% yearly growth rate which gave the figure as 4,828,267. The researcher adopted the multi-stage sampling technique to select respondents for the study. A sample size of 500 was chosen using Comprey and Lee’s sample guide. Out of 500 copies of the questionnaire distributed to respondents, 480 were returned and found useful for the study. The study found out that during health emergency situation like the covid-19 pandemic which was occasioned by anxiety, tension, fear and uncertainty, residents depended more on the media to obtain information that can help reduce tension and fear. The study recommends that the mass media should be objective, fair, honest and devoid of bias during health emergencies like covid-19 pandemic since a lot of media audience rely on them for health updates.
Covid-19 Pandemic Blessing or Affliction: Reflection on the Qur’ānic Imperative Acts in Their Pragmatic Perspective (Published)
The recent Coronavirus disease Covid-19 is the illness caused by a novel coronavirus and now called Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2; formerly called 2019-nCoV). The main focus of the present study is reflection on the Qur’ānic imperative acts in their pragmatic perspective. This global pandemic encompassed the whole world swiftly hence the world’s natural reaction to this epidemic is to guess and explore the root causes of this infectious disease. Different people have different opinions according to their religious teachings, experience, observation, background knowledge, social, and cultural perspectives. None can give a final word about its reasons as all such epidemics are Allah’s ‘Hikmah’ (wisdom) and only Allah Subhanahu wata’ala (SWT) knows His own intentions in such catastrophe and vast disaster. They may be interpreted as punishment of our evil deeds and at the same time realization and a reminder to return to the teachings of the Supreme Being and ultimate reward. Moreover, the suffering that reminds us of Allah (God) is better for our soul than His Blessings that result in His disobedience and thanklessness due to our love and attachment to this ephemeral world ignoring Allah Almighty’s guidance. The Holy Qur’ān and the Bible make it clear implicitly and explicitly that the disbelievers are generally punished and at the same time believers are tested. The disease of Hazrat Ayub (Job), a just man, is the best example (Al-Qur’ān 21:83). God allows natural disasters to happen because, in His infinite Wisdom, He knows that they can serve His purpose of bringing souls to eternal success. Out of evil Allah brings good.
Challenges of Utilising the Key Messages of Coronavirus Pandemic Campaigns in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria (Published)
This study investigated the challenges of utilising the key messages of coronavirus pandemic campaign in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. Survey research design was adopted for the study while questionnaire was the instrument of data collection. The study was anchored on social cognitive theory and Health belief model. The population of the study comprised of residents of Akwa Ibom State, which according to 2018 projection of the National Population Commission census figure of 2006 was 5,828,267. The sample size of 400 was drawn using Taro Yamane’s sample size formula. The study found out that the level of awareness of the coronavirus pandemic campaign was high in the metropolis but low in rural communities. The study also found out that the level of compliance was very low. Moreso, the study found out that majority of respondents did not believe that coronavirus exist in Nigeria. The study recommends that awareness should not be left alone in the hands of government, individuals should be ready to save lives by promoting the campaign of coronavirus in the society.
Nigerians Perspectives on Covid-19 Pandemic and How It Affects Their Lifestyle and Financial Status (Published)
Covid-19 is a viral disease that originated from Wuhan province of China. The virus has rapidly crossed borders, infecting and killing people in many countries including Nigeria. Undoubtedly, the pandemic has massive impact on the activities of Nigerians, including social lifestyle and income. The age-long communal behavior of Nigerians, like attendance to religion gatherings, ceremonies, and sports, has been hampered due to covid-19 pandemic. Also, due to this pandemic, Nigeria´s economy has declined drastically. This study was conducted to understand the perspective of Nigerians about Covid-19, and how it affected their lifestyle and financial status. Method: An online survey was conducted using the combination of few open ended and closed ended questions to gather data from a total of 325 respondents in Nigeria. Results: Majority of the respondents had adequate knowledge about the Covid-19 infection, its preventive measures, and its mode of transmission. Furthermore, over half of the respondents admitted that the pandemic has adversely affected their social lifestyle and financial status. Conclusion: There is need for provision of financial assistance and distribution of palliatives to all Nigerians during this pandemic. The government should also ensure the safety of all citizens, as social vices increase amidst the pandemic. A policy against increment of price of commodities should be established and implemented.
Stylistic Analysis of President Buhari’s Addresses of Nigerians in the Face of Covid-19 Pandemic (Published)
The role of language in any speech event cannot be overemphasized. Language is the vehicle through which political speeches are carried out. This study investigated two speeches of President Muhammadu Buhari during the coronavirus (Covid-19) pandemic to ascertain how he has employed language, the linguistic elements used and the stylistic and pragmatic imports. Using the theoretical framework of stylistics, the researcher found out that Buhari tactfully used words to address Nigerians on Covid-19 and stressed the measures to be taken to contain the spread of the virus. To achieve the pragmatic effect of his speeches, he used lexical devices such as transitional makers, repetition, alliteration, assonance, pronouns to project the theme/subject matter of the language discourse. It was found out that the speaker used coordination to denote relationship of grammatical units, show contrast and as a re-statement of what he said earlier. The speaker repeatedly used coordination in his speeches and this is commendable since in language, identical items may be conjoined in an indefinite number of times. The analysis revealed that president is committed in combating the coronavirus pandemic that is ravaging his nation.
Background: The Pandemic COVID-19 disease is of great public health concern to the world. Its impact is globally felt in all sectors. There is need to measure the level of psychological impact the virus has on families of health care professionals. Method: Online survey was conducted to collect the demographic data from participants. Statistical analysis was conducted using R statistical package to determine Psychological impact of COVID-19 on the respondents. Results: The study included 324 respondents from different countries. Panic effect was the most strongly agreed (54.9%) and thus impacts more on the respondents. Depression was experience by 49.7% of the respondents’ while 44.4% experience anxiety. The least strongly agreed was suicidal effect (13.9%) and divorce (18.2%).Conclusion: Pandemics such as COVID-19 has psychological impact on families of health care professionals’ pandemics cannot lead to divorce easily but can lead to panic, anxiety and depression.
A scoping review on epidemiology, etiology, transmission, clinical presentation, treatment and management of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) (Published)
Coronavirus (COVID-19) is a highly infectious disease which has posed serious threats to global health. This viral disease was discovered in late December 2019, in Wuhan, China. Infection rates due to the pandemic amounts to over 1 million globally while death rate is over 80,000. The United States, Italy and Spain are epicenters of the disease and have recorded more deaths due to the viral infection than other countries. Since the virus is spreading worldwide, on March 11, 2020, the WHO officially described the COVID-19 outbreak as a pandemic. The virus is transmitted when people interact with each other for some time in close proximity. Precisely, this review aims to provide the evidence of early findings on the etiology, transmission, symptoms, treatment and management of COVID-19.Studies have recorded Covid-19 infection in asymptomatic patients and in those with visible symptoms. Elderly people, pregnant women, people with underlining illness and compromised immune system are very susceptible to COVID-19 than other categories of people, however, reports of deaths of people without history of underlining illness has led to controversies. The diseased due to the virus should try to seek appropriate medical help and limit their exposure to other unaffected persons. Currently, there are no vaccines for the pandemic, but the FDA has recommended hydroxyl chloroquine as a therapy for COVID-19. The likelihood of transmission can be reduced by practising hygienic measures. Frequent disinfection and cleaning are advised for groups that are at risk of contracting the virus.