Tag Archives: Ownership

The strategies and functions of the United Nations organization and Internal Law in order to support Cultural heritage (Published)

This study was an attempt to examine the support of ownership, transfer and restitution of Cultural heritage according to the international and internal laws in Iran. Cultural heritage is a compound word. Heritage is defined that something is inherited and culture is knowledge and wisdom. Cultural heritage indicates all remain of national monuments from the past and also indicates the human’s life in the history.  Cultural heritage can be categorized into two groups; the first one is mundane cultural heritage for instance ancient monuments and spiritual cultural heritage includes customs, music and song. Many conventions were approved in the international law level that the membered country must observe the approved rules of the cultural heritage. This study aimed to provide practical solutions to support cultural properties. The study was a qualitative research and collected data from books, papers and internet sources. The findings of the study revealed that different rules and conventions were approved according to international and internal laws, but they are not sufficient in order to protect cultural properties. Import and export of cultural heritage are considered as a crime and the criminals will be prosecuted by judicature. Moreover, intensive conventions and laws should be approved and all governments are convinced to meet international and internal laws in order to protect cultural legacy and prevent demolition of it.

Keywords: Cultural Heritage, Ownership, conventions, international and internal laws, restitution

An Analysis of the Conceptual Issues Affecting Land Ownership/Inheritance Among The People of Ogbe Autonomous Community in Ahiazu Mbaise of Imo State. (Published)

The concept of land ownership and inheritance especially among the people of south eastern Nigeria (igboland), right before the colonial period, has always been that of absolute ownership which bestows the holder with the power of alienation. Alienation connotes the totality of the right of disposal over a thing which is not only the most conclusive but also, the most valuable incidence of ownership. This is what gave land inheritance its value. However, over time, there has been a drift in the popular perception of land tenure, ownership/inheritance by the people as a result of the changing economic importance of land. Against this background, this study analyses the conceptual issues affecting land ownership and inheritance among the people of Ogbe community in Ahiazu Mbaise Local Government Area of Imo State, South-Eastern Nigeria, as it were during the historical / traditional era down to the contemporary times. The study used the anthropological methods, namely key interview, observations, and archival records in collecting its data. Analysis from the study reveals that most aspects of the land laws of the people including land pledging, communal ownership, land sales, inheritance procedure and gift land among others were gradually changing while some have become extinct due to the emerging social, economic and political restructuring of the nation in general and Ogbe in particular.

Keywords: Analysis, Concepts, Inheritance, Land Tenure, Ogbe community, Ownership

AN ANALYSIS OF THE CONCEPTUAL ISSUES AFFECTING LAND OWNERSHIP/INHERITANCE AMONG THE PEOPLE OF OGBE AUTONOMOUS COMMUNITY IN AHIAZU MBAISE OF IMO STATE. (Published)

The concept of land ownership and inheritance especially among the people of south eastern Nigeria (igboland), right before the colonial period, has always been that of absolute ownership which bestows the holder with the power of alienation. Alienation connotes the totality of the right of disposal over a thing which is not only the most conclusive but also, the most valuable incidence of ownership. This is what gave land inheritance its value. However, over time, there has been a drift in the popular perception of land tenure, ownership/inheritance by the people as a result of the changing economic importance of land. Against this background, this study analyses the conceptual issues affecting land ownership and inheritance among the people of Ogbe community in Ahiazu Mbaise Local Government Area of Imo State, South-Eastern Nigeria, as it were during the historical / traditional era down to the contemporary times. The study used the anthropological methods, namely key interview, observations, and archival records in collecting its data. Analysis from the study reveals that most aspects of the land laws of the people including land pledging, communal ownership, land sales, inheritance procedure and gift land among others were gradually changing while some have become extinct due to the emerging social, economic and political restructuring of the nation in general and Ogbe in particular.

Keywords: Analysis, Concepts, Inheritance, Land Tenure, Ogbe community, Ownership