Tag Archives: Ontology

Ontological & Epistemological Philosophies Underlying Theory Building: A Scholarly Dilemma or Axiomatic Illumination- The Business Research Perspective (Published)

The objective of this theoretical excursion was to articulate useful contributions to advance knowledge on the issue of whether or not ontology and epistemology as basis for theory building in business research is a scholarly dilemma or an axiom that requires elucidation. In view of this, the paper revealed background understanding of research. Also, scholar’s views were reviewed to underpin ontological and epistemological philosophy as underlying theory building. After espousing its theoretical implication the paper concludes that ontology and epistemology are axioms that complement each other to bring better understanding to the true essence of business research and not necessarily a scholarly dilemma.

Keywords: Epistemology, Ontology, Positivism Constructivism

Innovation Chain Intelligence (ICI) (Published)

The innovation chain is an added value horizontal process that interacts continuously with the external environment, when new products or services are developed. This immense dynamicity influences the decision-making process throughout the idea generation, product design and market exploitation links of the innovation chain. These dynamic information sources could be exploitable by innovation managers, when they are processed through the knowledge base in an iterative mode across the innovation chain. This paper combines business intelligence and knowledge management techniques to conceptualize a logical framework of modelling the innovation chain intelligence. The methodology that is used is the ontological framework for information extraction, knowledge representation and knowledge update related to innovation chain intelligence. This paper conceptualizes the necessary information extraction mechanisms for semi-structured data, using web semantic ontologies to introduce the initial stage of the innovation intelligence chain.

Keywords: Business Intelligence, Innovation, Ontology, Semantic Web

Duration and Modern Physics: A Verification of the Paradigm Shift from Ontology of Substance to That of Becoming (Published)

The history of Western Philosophy is populated by Substance –geared metaphysics despite the introduction of the ontology of becoming by Heraclitus. Science as ancillary to Philosophy equally witnessed a parallel boost and interpretation to the ontology of Substance with its mechanistic and certainty approach to reality. Only recently, the emergence of Modern physics; a new Physics of subatomic particles has called to question, the well established mechanistic model of science. Recently too, following the train of Science, Philosophy has come to grips with Science’s new results and has made a fundamental revision of the standard tools of Philosophy. This revision is seen in the concept of ‘duartion’ advocated by Henri Bergson; a paradigm shift to the ontology of becoming

Keywords: Becoming, Duration, Modern Physics, Ontology, Paradigm Shift, Substance

Ontology of Technical Images (Published)

What is – reality, the truth, good, justice, man, etc. – is something we have learned from texts for a historically long period of time. Together with writing and linear alphabet, a new ability which could be called conceptual thinking has become part of our life. Therefore, deciphering texts means nothing else than revealing images denoted by these texts. Traditionally, learning meant to be able to read in the book of the world, i.e. to learn to code the world in texts using linear writing first and then to learn to decipher texts applied to reality. Media theorist Vilém Flusser states in his key texts, that technical images become a dominant cognitive metaphor of the contemporary society.  New social culture is being formed in connection with their creation, distribution, transfer and consumption. Such new social structure needs new criteria of analysis, it requires a new interpretive beginning.  Flusser does not wonder how a medium is possible, but he deals with the consequences of the effect of one type of media abstraction, namely technical images. The following text briefly analyses the dominant cognitive metaphor of Flusser’s theory – the concept technical image

Keywords: Apparatus, Ontology, calculation and computation, linear texts, technical images

“UBUNTU”: THE ITINERARY, IMPORT AND UTILITY OF THE IDEA (Published)

Ubuntu has become a buzz word in Southern African. These days, there is talk of ‘Ubuntu magazine’, ‘Ubuntu software,’ ‘ubuntu style of management’, ‘ubuntu ethics’, ‘Ubuntu foods’, ‘ubuntu psychology’(Washington 2010) and so on. The concept has gained a lot of currency with the completion of the de-colonization of South Africa in 1994. The question is; what is the meaning and import of the term?This paper is a philosophical examination of the concept historically and critically, with the view of determining its expediency in matters to do with nation-building, democracy and good governance all of which pervade contemporary African thought. Given the processes of globalization, can the concept make any impact? Is there utility of the concept in the development of the sub-region?

Keywords: Community, Ontology, Ubuntu, humanity

Suicide in Yoruba Ontology (Published)

Suicide is generally regarded as all cases of death resulting from action taken by the victim themselves, and with the intention and prospect of killing oneself. The cause is frequently attributed to psychological disorders, substance abuse, shame, guilty, rejection, loss, and loneliness, death of a loved one, emotional trauma, serious physical illness, and unemployment or money problems. In this paper, the researcher studies the problem of suicide from Yoruba perspective. Yoruba is a language and the name of an ethnic group or tribe in Nigeria. The paper interrogates Yoruba concept of death, the quality of death through suicide and suicide among the Yoruba. For the Yoruba, when it comes to the issue of autonomy and competence as regards deciding on suicide, they would metaphorically claim that ‘bose wuni lase imole eni’ (one determines one’s faith the way one deems fit) drawing from the cultural construct of the Yoruba worldview that celebrate suicide in avoidance of shame- iku ya j’esin- a principle of dignity in dying. This understanding of suicide from an Yoruba perspective is believed will help enhance the value of human life and thus save the world from being plunged into a silent crisis of the value of life.

Keywords: Africa, Autonomy, Honor, Ontology, Suicide, Victim, Yoruba, ignominy

Suicide in Yoruba Ontology (Review Completed - Accepted)

Suicide is generally regarded as all cases of death resulting from action taken by the victim themselves, and with the intention and prospect of killing oneself. The cause is frequently attributed to psychological disorders, substance abuse, shame, guilty, rejection, loss, loneliness, death of a loved one, emotional trauma, serious physical illness, and unemployment or money problems. In this paper, the researcher studies the problem of suicide from Yoruba perspective. Yoruba is a language and the name of an ethnic group or tribe in Nigeria. The paper interrogates Yoruba concept of death, the quality of death through suicide and suicide among the Yoruba. For the Yoruba, when it comes to the issue of autonomy and competence as regards deciding on suicide, they would metaphorically claim that ‘bose wuni lase imole eni’ (one determines one’s faith the way one deems fit) drawing from the cultural construct of the Yoruba worldview that celebrate suicide in avoidance of shame- iku ya j’esin- a principle of dignity in dying. This understanding of suicide from an Yoruba perspective is believed will help enhance the value of human life and thus save the world from being plunged into a silent crisis of the value of life

Keywords: Africa, Autonomy, Honor, Ontology, Suicide, Victim, Yoruba, ignominy

A HYBRID AND PERSONALIZED ONTOLOGY RANKING MODEL USING U-MEANS CLUSTERING AND HIT COUNT (Published)

Semantic Web is an extension of current Web which offers to add structure to the present Web. Ontologies play an important role in Semantic Web development and retrieval of relevant ontology. Ontology is being represented as a set of concepts and their inter-relationships relevant to some knowledge domain. As the number of Ontology repositories are more on Semantic Web, the problem of retrieving relevant ontologies of the scope arises. Even though there are Semantic Web search engines available, a major problem is that the huge number of results returned and which gives overhead to the searcher to find their need by themselves after going through the long list. This makes time consumption in search and creates dissatisfaction. One solution for this problem is that of maintaining the history of already analyzed, highly relevant and quality results in a log, which can used quickly to respond to the users of the similar type. This places highly relevant results analyzed and stored on the top list when results are presented to the searcher. Personalization and ranking takes care of these approaches. Another solution is the integration of clustering approach which helps in retrieving results from the history or log faster. This paper proposes a hybrid approach that creates the log and retrieves from log when the query is known and there are sufficient entries in the log. This approach imparts convenience to users and reduces the time complexity in finding their relevant needs.

Keywords: Clustering., Ontology, Ontology Ranking, Personalization, Semantic Search, Semantic Web

Development of HealthCare System for Smart Hospital Based on UML and XML (Published)

The convergence of information technology systems in health care system building is causing us to look at more effective integration of technologies. Facing increased competition, tighter spaces, staff retention and reduced reimbursement, today’s traditional hospitals are looking at strategic ways to use technology to manage their systems called smart hospital. The concept of the smart hospital is a useful system for any hospital; about adding intelligence to the traditional hospital system by covering all resources and locations with patient information. Patient’s information is an important component of the patient privacy in any health care system that is based on the overall quality of each patient in the health care system. The main commitment for any health care system is to improve the quality of the patient and privacy of patient’s information. Today, there is a need of such computer environment where treatment to patients can be given on the basis of his/her previous medical history at the time of emergency at any time, on any place and anywhere. Pervasive and ubiquitous environment and UML (unified modeling language) can bring the boon in this field. For this it’s needed to develop the ubiquitous health care computing environment using the UML with traditional hospital environment. This paper is based on the ubiquitous and pervasive computing environment based on UML and XML(The Extensible Markup Language) technology, in which these problems has been tried to improve traditional hospital system into smart hospital in the near future. The key solution of the smart hospital is online identification of all patients, doctors, nurses, staff, medical equipments, medications, blood bags, surgical tools, blankets, sheets, hospital rooms, etc. In this paper efforts is channeled into improving the knowledge-base ontological description for smart hospital system by using UML and XML technology, Our knowledge is represented in XML format from UML modeling(class diagram). Our smart hospital provides access to its system by using a smart card. Finally, the former try to improve health care delivery through development and management of acute care hospital designed; both physically and operationally, for more efficiency and increased patients safety

Keywords: Health Care System, Ontology, Smart Hospital (SH), UML, XML