The International Olympic committee, the national Olympic committees, the national sports federations and sports development in the selected places consist of the Olympic sports organizations. All these sports bodies must be managed in order to fulfill their roles. The purpose of this study was to review the published knowledge about the human resource management characteristics of these sports organizations. After the thorough and exhaustive review of the international literature and the content analysis of the most important articles, the following was found: The management of human resources of the Olympic sports organizations has a number of particular characteristics. They have very few staff members, the human resources are volunteers and few of them are paid. So, in order to organize the human resources management of these sports bodies in a better way, they should develop a human resource strategy, to recruit and motivate human resources, to develop human resources through training and to develop skills for managing the human recourses. It is concluded that all of these competencies are needed for the efficient administration of an Olympic sports organization and they are essentials for it to meet their objectives and fulfill its role.