Controlling of Fire Worm in Oil Palm by the Treatment of Biopesticides in the Laboratory (Published)
Factor that reduces yield of oil palm cultivation is pest infestations, and one of them is fire worm. Objective of the research was to study the extraction technique and application of the best biopesticides in order to reduce palatability of fire worm in the laboratory. The research was conducted at three locations as follow, at laboratory where biopesticides were made and applied, at laboratory of protection where compounds in biopesticides were analyzed, and at oil palm plantation of Muara Badak, where samples of the fire worm and leaves of oil palm were taken. The research was conducted for 3 months, which included preparation of materials and equipments, production of biopesticide, application of biopesticide, and took the data. The research used Factorial Randomized Complete Design (RCD) by two factors. Factor A is solvent, which comprises of two factors, water solvent and methanol, while factor B is bioextract that comprises of six factors, such as the control (K0), soursop’ seed extract (BS), soursop’s leaves extract (DS) and citronella extract (S), pepper’s seed extract (BL), and tobacco extract (T) along with 3 replications. Leaves were soaked into pesticide in accordance with the treatment, and then the leaves were applied to the fire worms for 7 days by putting leaves and the fire worms into stoppered glass jar, which was covered by muslin. The observed parameters include activity of the fire worms, the day when the fire worms die, and palatability of the fire worms. Results of the research showed that the best biopesticide, which could reduce palatability of the fire worm, is tobacco extract (T) and methanol as solvent that reach 100%, in which the fire worms avoided the tobacco-treated leaves and died within 2 hours following the application.
Palm oil which is a product of oil palm is a very important domestic and industrial product that has variety of uses. The Nigerian economy in the 1950s till middle 1960s prior to the discovery of crude oil in 1957 was the largest producer of oil palm in the world. The discovery of oil shifted the emphasis of the economy from agriculture to crude oil exploitation. There is an increasing agitation for the diversification of the economy and specifically, the rejuvenation of the oil palm sector. The revitalization of the oil palm sector has the capacity of fast tracking the economic development of the country owing to the various products of the palm and the multiple uses of the products. The research adopted a “desktop research” approach and made evaluation of existing situations. Documents on oil palm production in Nigeria, media and agencies reports on oil palm business in Nigeria were used as primary sources of information. The article concluded with discussions on the way forward to rejuvenate the oil palm sector in Nigeria.
The Implementation Of Oil Palm Based Regional Innovation System (Sida) In Supporting The Masterplan For The Acceleration And Expansion Of Indonesia’s Economic Development (Mp3ei) Of The Economic Corridor Of Sumatera-Indonesia (Published)
The purpose of the research is to determine the Implementation of Oil Palm Based Regional Innovation System (SIDA) in Supporting the Masterplan for the Acceleration and Expansion of Indonesia’s Economic Development (MP3I) of the Economic Corridor of Sumatera. It is a qualitative-descriptive research. The population in this research was the residents of Desa Mangkei Lama and Desa Mangkei Baru for 150 families. The sampling was conducted by using the purposive random sampling technique with certain criteria. The minimum sample size in this study was 30 respondents. With the Special Economic Zone (KEK) of Sei Mangkei which cultivates the oil palm it produces the CPO but not fully distributed yet. Many distributed oil palm products still need to be developed into a large-scale laboratory scale industry. The growing oil palm nursery on the developed village which is a supplier of seeds for the oil palm plantations. The developing Cooperative of oil palm midribs based Cattle feeds that supplies the feed for the cattles, Excelent Calves and Bio Gas. The plantation community empowerment through the Biomass stove using the Shells and Briquets. The Oil Palm plantations produce CPO but not fully distributed yet. Many distributed oil palm products still need to be developed into a laboratory-scale industrial scale.