Local Content Development in the Oil and Gas Industry in Nigeria: Problems and Prospects (Published)
In the past, the major players in the oil and gas industry in Nigeria were the international oil companies (IOCs). There was inadequate skilled workforce in the industry especially with respect to indigenous participation in the oil and gas projects. Consequently, the IOCs relied heavily on expatriates to carry out projects in the oil and gas industry in Nigeria which ordinarily would have been handled by Nigerians. In order to boost local participation in the oil and gas projects and create more employment opportunities for the locals, the federal government of Nigeria in 2010, enacted the Local Content Act in recognition of the inadequacy of the indigenous human capital development in the oil and gas industry in Nigeria. However, the Local Content development policy of the federal government is without some problems which have affected the effective and efficient implementation of the policy. This paper therefore, examines the local content development policy of the federal government, identifies its problems and prospects, and makes appropriate recommendations.
Incidence of Occupational Health Hazards and Safety Culture at Tema Oil Refinery (Tor) In Ghana: Exploring the Symbiotic Relationship (Published)
This study examined a symbiotic relationship between Occupational health hazards and safety culture at Tema oil refinery in Ghana. The study employed both exploratory and descriptive research designs. Convenient sampling technique and structured questionnaires were deployed to elicit information from 186 participants. The data were analysed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). The study discovered that employees are continuously been exposed to chemical substances – the incessant exposure to hazardous chemical poses health complications like respiratory diseases, reproductive disorders, cardiovascular diseases, renal diseases and others. Furthermore the study revealed that protective wears and equipment are inadequate resulting in the inhalation of hazardous chemicals and sometimes spill over their skin. Moreover, the study found that there are lapses and weak ergonomic arrangements in the Tema Oil Refinery (TOR). The study found that job description at TOR is very challenging, tedious and time consuming. In addition the study revealed that although TOR offers pre-employment training before employees are employed, the company lacks continuous policy on training where employees are periodically trained to equip them on health and safety practices. Surprisingly, TOR is less proactive about the health of employees because they lack policies that ensure occasional check-ups for health issues. In conclusion, the causes of accidents were identified as poor working conditions, human errors and the lack of protective clothing. The study recommends that there is the urgent need to integrate policies and models to effectively manage safety culture at TOR. Furthermore, the study recommends that integrated model is required to comprehensively explain the safety culture at TOR since implementation of occupational health and safety management system (OHS-MS) has been proven inadequate.