Audit Committee Characteristics and Audit Quality: Exploratory and Empirical Analysis In Nigerian Oil Sector (Published)
This paper examined audit committee characteristics on audit quality in Nigeria, for 10 years spanning from 2009-2018. Specifically, this study assessed the effect of audit committee size on audit quality in the oil and gas sector and examined the effect of audit committee meetings on audit quality in the oil and gas sector. The study adopted an expo-facto research design and the population covered all the 12 listed Oil and Gas sectors; out of which, 10 firms were selected through a random sampling technique. The study used secondary data, sourced from the published financial reports of the sampled firms covering the period of 2009-2018. Through logistic regression, it was discovered that audit committee size exerted a positive significant effect on audit quality of firms in the oil and gas sector in Nigeria and that audit committee meeting exerts a positive but insignificant effect on audit quality of firms in the oil and gas sector in Nigeria. It was concluded that audit committee has a statistically significant effect on audit quality in Nigeria. Thus, it was recommended that emphasis and focus should be placed on the size of the audit committee to improve audit quality and that modalities surrounding the meetings of the committee members should be revisited. Also, adequate supervision and monitoring should be ensured in every meeting of the committee members.
This study focused primarily on oil and gas sector law reform and its implications for economic development in Nigeria. The objective is to review the reform in the oil and gas sector law since the adoption of democracy in 1999 and what implications it portends for economic development. The study adopted the political economy method to x-ray the issues that are germane to the study. Findings revealed that a consensus has not been reached on the proposed Petroleum Industry Bill as there are points and counterpoints for the passage of the Bill into law. Also, the enactment of the Nigerian Content Act is impacting positively on economic development. It is therefore recommended that political will be geared towards seeing the bill through and that the Nigerian Content Development and Monitoring Board be strengthened to carry out her oversight functions.
The Influence of Legitimacy and Marketing in the Context of Accounting for the Environment in a Sub-Saharan African Country (Published)
Purpose – The paper intends to serve as a contribution to the requirements for organizations to account for and disclose the social and environmental (SE) consequences of their activities, aspects of the concept of sustainability accounting (SA). In particular, this research study investigates the current practices of environmental accounting (EA), whether it is influenced by the same values as that of society and is used as a marketing tool of the oil and gas sector in Uganda, a less developed country. Design/methodology/approach – The study involved 57 oil and petroleum supply chains. Major data collection methods included a review of 13 annual reports/statements by oil companies and both a structured and a semi-structured questionnaire involving 272 respondents, with a response rate of 57.0%. A mixed-methodological approach was employed to analyze the qualitative and quantitative data together. Findings – (1) There are no detailed archival records related to EA; (2) respondents’ (106) responses to the possible consequences of not accounting for the environment were almost indifferent on issues that influence marketing, indicated by the small differences in the mean (1.83 to 2.50) and standard deviations (0.504 to 0.925); (3) responses on the influence of legitimacy and marketing on accounting for the environment ranged from 8.3% to 90.0%, while the mean ranged from 1.92 to 3.90 and the standard deviations from 0.303 to 1.482; (4) we suggest that EA is currently not being done, which is an indicator of poor management of the environment; (5) the results support that a marketing tool is not a significant determining factor of accounting for the environment, despite having a social role to fulfill; and (6) the results do support the theory of legitimacy, because oil and petroleum products suppliers in the country respond to environmental laws, regulations and guidelines. Originality/value – The highlighted perspective on how organizations account for and disclose the environmental trends of their activities – an aspect of the concept of SA in Uganda, a country with a youthful population, open markets, abundant resources and significant unexploited oil and gas reserves – distinguishes this study from others on similar topics.