Physical, Chemical and Biological Factors as Occupational Health and Safety Hazards Among Site Workers in Cement Industries in The South-South Region of Nigeria (Published)
Hazard in the workplace can cause illness or injury to the mental, physical and social wellbeing and thereby cause loss of production or working time. Safety is a state of being free from danger which can lead to injury, death, loss or damage to property. Site workers in cement factories may not be fully aware of the factors responsible for health and safety hazards in their workplace, hence this study in order to find out if physical, chemical and biological factors are responsible for occupational health and safety hazards among workers in cement industries in the South-South region of Nigeria. Consequently, the population for the study consisted of all the site workers in all the cement industries in the South-South geopolitical zone of Nigeria. The sampled size is 1,000, (850 male (85%) and 150 female (15%). A total of 1000 questionnaire forms were administered and used for the study. The study adopted a multi-stage sampling procedure and Taro Yamane formula to draw the samples. The reliability of the instrument was determined through the Crombach Alpha, which gave a value of r = 0.89. Data collected was analyzed with the descriptive statistics of simple percentages and inferential statics of Chi-square. The study revealed that physical, chemical and biological factors were responsible for occupational health and safety hazards among site workers. Recommendations were thereby made that the personal protective equipment against physical, chemical and biological foreign bodies should be provided and the use should be enforced at all times in cement industries, health promotion programs should be integrated by management to help improve workers awareness, knowledge, attitude and practices regarding safety measures in the cement factory, while periodic medical examination policy should be adopted by management to help reduce cases of health problems among workers.
Citation: Noah, O.E, Achalu, E.I & Kingsley, E.D (2022) Physical, Chemical and Biological Factors as Occupational Health and Safety Hazards Among Site Workers in Cement Industries in The South-South Region of Nigeria, European Journal of Mechanical Engineering Research, Vol. 9, Issue 2, pp.13-21