Effect of Socio-Economic Status on Nutritional Status on Adolescent Girls of Paschim Medinipur, West Bengal, India (Published)
Teenager or teen, is a young person whose age falls within the range from 13-19. They are called teenagers because their age number ends with “teen”. Usage by ordinary people varies, and also varies in different societies. Most societies traditionally had a formal ceremony to mark the change from childhood to adulthood. During puberty, rapid mental and physical development occurs. Adolescence is the name for this transition period from childhood to adulthood. In the United States, teenagers from the ages 12-14 go to middle school while teenagers from the ages of 14-18 typically go to high school. In the United Kingdom (UK); teenagers and non-teens are mixed in secondary school. Teenagers attending secondary school generally graduate at the age of 17 or 18. On average, girls begin puberty ages 10–11. Objectives: (i) To find relationship relation between socio-economic status and Nutritional status(ii) Prevalence of undernutrition of study adolescents girls, Materials and method: Subjects are Adolescents girls aged 10-19 years belongs to Salboni Block which is one the of block of Paschim Medinipur,WestBengal,, Participants socioeconomic data are collected through structured questionnaire, anthropometric data are collected through different instruments, cross section study is done on 1009 girls y at ages 10-11.to collect data on socio-economic status some structured questionnaire were used. Results:69 girls suffering from CED I whose parents are daily labourers 63 girls are suffering from CEDI whose parents depend on cultivation, Total 37 girls are suffering CEDIII, among 1009 girls 33 girls are suffering from CEDII. In table 3,4,5 it shows that skilled labour parents adolescent are higher weight, BMI from unskilled occupation parents adolescent.43% parents occupation is cultivation. Conclusion: socio -economic factor represent standard of living of any people, in this study it shows skilled person adolescent girls have higher anthropometry 89 girls are under nutrient among studied girls. Family income also has a profound influence on the educational opportunities available to adolescents and on their chances of educational success. This study had shown socio-economic status affect living standard and nutritional intake, it effect adolescent growth too.
Assessment and Determinants of Nutritional Status in a Sample of Under Five-Year-Old Iraqi Children (Published)
The nutritional status of under five-year-old children is an important outcome measure of children’s health. Malnutrition is one of the most important causes of children’s abnormal physical and mental development. The study aims to find the prevalence and determinants of malnutrition in terms of wasting, stunting, and underweight, in addition to obesity in a sample of under five-year-old Iraqi children. A cross sectional study was conducted in three primary health care centres in Baghdad for the period from 3rd January to 31st March 2012. A sample of 606 under 5-year-old children (2-59 months) of both genders was included in the study. Data were gathered by direct interviews with the children’s parents, and the weight, height, and BMI measurements of each child were taken. The prevalence of different undernutrition problems among under five-year-old children were: 5.28% for wasting, 16.17% for stunting, and 7.43% for underweight. The highest prevalence was that of being being obese; 17.5% by weight to height and 15.35% by BMI to age. Malnutrition levels were higher in rural than in urban areas. A significant association was estimated between; the age of a child and being underweight, lower levels of parental education and stunting, and between extended families and stunting. The rates of being being obese were higher than that of those of undernutrition. The factors associated with undernutrition in under five-year-old children are especially related to lower socioeconomic status such as rural residence, lower levels of maternal education, unemployed mothers, and extended larger families.