Tag Archives: norms

Measurement of Natural Radioactivity and Evaluation of Radiation Hazards in Soil of Abua/Odual Districts Using Multivariate Statistical Approach (Published)

The activity concentration of 238U, 232Th and 40K in the soil from Abua/Odua districts of Rivers State have been measured using gamma ray spectrometry. Radiological health parameters were estimated from the activity concentration of these radionuclides in order to assess health implication of exposure of the general public to the studied soil. The average value of 238U, 232Th and 40K measured are 67.40, 507.19 and 8217.77 Bqkg-1respectively. The calculated radium equivalent (Raeq), absorbed dose (D), annual effective dose equivalent (AEDE), activity utilization index (RLI),internal and external hazard indices (Hin, Hex), excess lifetime cancer risk (ELCR), and annual gonald dose (AGED) were used to access the health implication of exposure to the soil studied. The results were higher than the recommended safe and criterion limits given by UNSCEAR. The statistical method was used to study the relationship between the radionuclides and also the calculated radiation parameters. The results of this study revealed an area of high gamma emitting radionuclides which could lead to significant health hazard to the exposed populace. The result will also serve as a baseline radiometric data for future studies in the area and radiological mapping of the area

Keywords: : Radionuclides, Gonald dose, Multivariate, Radiological, Spectroscopy, norms


The study focused on the repositioning of Nigerian youths through the teaching of moral instruction, the study specifically aimed at finding out if the objectives of moral instruction could help in the youths. Two research questions guided the study and a hypothetical statement was raised. The population of the study include all the moral instructors in the 176 secondary schools in Ebonyi state out of which 100 instructors where selected using simple random sampling technique. Questionnaire was the instrument for data collection. Data was analyzed using mean while hypothesis was tested with test at 0.05 level of significance. Results of finding showed that the objectives of moral instruction ore rich enough to inculcate good habit in growing child. Secondly the content of moral education if implemented is capable of repositioning the youth for effective social development. Based on findings recommendations were made.

Keywords: Moral behaviour, Moral instruction, Nigerian Youths, Objectives of Moral Instruction, Repositioning, Values, norms


Bank robbery in Nigeria is another monster threatening the activities of commercial banks in Nigeria. The frequency of successful bank robbery in Nigeria and the losses associated with each operation are question marks as to the ability of government to checkmate the crime with the aid of laws in Nigeria. This research which is a doctrinal research examined the relevant laws in Nigeria for crime prevention and particularly armed robbery with a view of finding out if the law is inadequate and why the crime has been on the increase despite the existence of law. The study has revealed that there are enough laws to combat the crime and that the law enforcement agencies particularly the police have not been effective in curbing the menace of bank robbery because of some challenges facing the security agencies. The study concluded that there is a need for paradigm shift in the operation of security agencies and canvassed equally for the involvement of other norms in combating the crime in Nigeria

Keywords: Bank robbery, ammunition, cashless banking, dynamites, firearms, norms