Tag Archives: norms

Jurisprudence and the Implications of Morality for Democracy in Nigeria from 2015 to 2020 (Published)

In 2015, a general election was conducted that led to the change of baton from the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) that pioneered the journey of the fourth republic which started in 1999. The change of baton brought in the All Progressive Congress (APC), a coalition of four different political parties representing different geopolitical region in Nigeria. As it is, the four political parties before the coalition had their own values which is a reflection of their moral and world outlook in a heterogeneous nation like Nigeria. The campaign slogan which was the basis of the contract of the political party with the masses was the need for change. A change that will guarantee socio-economic development, security of lives and property and justice for all. The expectation of the people was high on the assumption of office of the president in 2015 but the change promise has now been confirmed as a mirage. The objective of the study is to examine the implications of the application of the norms of morality in government in a heterogeneous state with diverse moral values like Nigeria. The study is doctrinal with data obtained from both primary and secondary sources. The study found out that the people and elected leaders were not on the same page as to the concept of change employed by the political party in government. The paper concluded that an elected president in Nigeria who is bound to emerge from one ethnic and religious background must shed the toga of  personal morality and where norms of morality are to be employed in governance, the norms of public morality generally acceptable to the people should be  employed.

Keywords: Democracy, Ethics, Jurisprudence, Morality, Security, norms

Measurement of Natural Radioactivity and Evaluation of Radiation Hazards in Soil of Abua/Odual Districts Using Multivariate Statistical Approach (Published)

The activity concentration of 238U, 232Th and 40K in the soil from Abua/Odua districts of Rivers State have been measured using gamma ray spectrometry. Radiological health parameters were estimated from the activity concentration of these radionuclides in order to assess health implication of exposure of the general public to the studied soil. The average value of 238U, 232Th and 40K measured are 67.40, 507.19 and 8217.77 Bqkg-1respectively. The calculated radium equivalent (Raeq), absorbed dose (D), annual effective dose equivalent (AEDE), activity utilization index (RLI),internal and external hazard indices (Hin, Hex), excess lifetime cancer risk (ELCR), and annual gonald dose (AGED) were used to access the health implication of exposure to the soil studied. The results were higher than the recommended safe and criterion limits given by UNSCEAR. The statistical method was used to study the relationship between the radionuclides and also the calculated radiation parameters. The results of this study revealed an area of high gamma emitting radionuclides which could lead to significant health hazard to the exposed populace. The result will also serve as a baseline radiometric data for future studies in the area and radiological mapping of the area

Keywords: : Radionuclides, Gonald dose, Multivariate, Radiological, Spectroscopy, norms


The study focused on the repositioning of Nigerian youths through the teaching of moral instruction, the study specifically aimed at finding out if the objectives of moral instruction could help in the youths. Two research questions guided the study and a hypothetical statement was raised. The population of the study include all the moral instructors in the 176 secondary schools in Ebonyi state out of which 100 instructors where selected using simple random sampling technique. Questionnaire was the instrument for data collection. Data was analyzed using mean while hypothesis was tested with test at 0.05 level of significance. Results of finding showed that the objectives of moral instruction ore rich enough to inculcate good habit in growing child. Secondly the content of moral education if implemented is capable of repositioning the youth for effective social development. Based on findings recommendations were made.

Keywords: Moral behaviour, Moral instruction, Nigerian Youths, Objectives of Moral Instruction, Repositioning, Values, norms


Bank robbery in Nigeria is another monster threatening the activities of commercial banks in Nigeria. The frequency of successful bank robbery in Nigeria and the losses associated with each operation are question marks as to the ability of government to checkmate the crime with the aid of laws in Nigeria. This research which is a doctrinal research examined the relevant laws in Nigeria for crime prevention and particularly armed robbery with a view of finding out if the law is inadequate and why the crime has been on the increase despite the existence of law. The study has revealed that there are enough laws to combat the crime and that the law enforcement agencies particularly the police have not been effective in curbing the menace of bank robbery because of some challenges facing the security agencies. The study concluded that there is a need for paradigm shift in the operation of security agencies and canvassed equally for the involvement of other norms in combating the crime in Nigeria

Keywords: Bank robbery, ammunition, cashless banking, dynamites, firearms, norms