Tag Archives: Normality

Testing the weak form efficiency of the Nigeria stock exchange market (Published)

The efficient market hypothesis has become a controversial subject due to empirical results against market efficiency in various stock markets. The measurement of the Nigerian stock market is considered crucial for several reasons, including investors and participants in the securities market decried non-reflection of the firm performance in the prices of their stock traded in the Nigerian stock exchange. The focus of this study is to assess the weak form efficiency of the Nigerian stock exchange market. Nigerian stock exchange all share historical daily, weekly and monthly returns were employed for the analysis. The data was analyzed using unit root tests of stationarity and random walk, Jarque-Bera for normality and graph presentation. The results revealed that, the Nigerian stock exchange all share historical daily, weekly and monthly returns exhibited significant random walk. The study concludes that the Nigerian stock exchange market is efficient in the weak form. It is therefore recommended that efforts should be made by government to develop and implement stock exchange policies that will ensure active trading and vibrancy in the market.


Keywords: Efficient Market Hypothesis, Normality, adf unit root test, jarque-bera, weak-form

Working Capital Management Antecedents Impact on Firm Specific Factors: A Ten Year Review of Karachi Stock Exchange (Published)

The study aims of investigate relationship of working capital antecedents and profitability of the company. Seven variables are taken as proxy variable to measure working capital and its management. Population of the study is based on Karachi stock exchange listed companies. The sample of study is manufacturing sector of Pakistan. Thus, sample period contains on the ten years from (2005-2014). All variables have sound reliability and data is normally distributed. Therefore, correlation and regression analyses are applied. Hence, study revealed significant relationship of working capital management and profitability.

Keywords: Correlation, Normality, Normally Distributed, Profitability, Regression, Sample Period, Working capital.