Children are doubly vulnerable due to their age along with the other factors like gender. This paper is based on eleven case studies on children who were sexually violated in rural areas of Bangladesh within the period of 2011-2015. Apart from the causes and victim-perpetrator relationship the research shed light on victims’ action against the incidents and hindrance on the way to justice. This study is expected to provide with insights in planning an effective development intervention addressing sexual violence against children. The study found that the patriarchal ideology of relating women’s chastity to the ‘ideal’ women punishes the victims and let the perpetrators go unpunished. It suggests for the extensive work on traditional gender roles and power relations responsible for such violence. In addition, it recommends to adopt a holistic approach by addressing cultural and social values and stigma, as well as legal aspects to combat the issue.
A Critical Analysis of the Effectiveness of Human Resource Development Technique in the Non-Government Organisations of Balochistan (Published)
The development of human resource has been envisaged as organizational transformation in experience and knowledge which is deemed as vital for both individuals and organizations to fulfil the mandatory capability for organizational change and expansion. Contemporary approach towards the development of human resource has justified the compatibility of both organizational needs and individual’s objectives for the overall progression. This vividly discloses the separation of training process from the development as having longer term future for more tedious responsibilities. This activity is indispensible to tackle the additional and transformed responsibilities through enhanced experience or formal education. The development as an activity also extends to longer period of time in order to accept new horizons of growth and flourishing endurance for individuals and organizations. This paper attempts to explore the development techniques for human resource in the NGOs of Balochistan as being least developed province of Pakistan. It emphasizes the effectiveness of development techniques categorized in two different types of traditional and innovative groups. The study also reveals information about the current use of these techniques for human resource development in the NGO sector in order to evaluate the level of awareness about both types of techniques. In the perspective of research study, the categorization has been performed to analyse the effectiveness of development techniques through different angles. Moreover, the use of information technology as an aid in the development process has also been analysed in the organizations in order to evaluate the effectiveness of innovative techniques.The triangulation approach is adopted to study the variables and data collection which enables the researcher to critically analyze the problem through different aspects of conceptualization. This approach assists researcher to use a variety of sources and methods of information to verify and substantiate the data. Software-based analysis aids to achieve optimum accuracy in the research study while the analysis of semi-structured observations helps the qualitative data to verify and corroborate the information gained through interviews. Moreover, the secondary data has critically been analyzed that supports the investigated facts with evidences. In the end, the study presents a way forward as recommended framework for a development of human resource in the NGOs of Balochistan.