The study investigates intellectual capital performance in Nigeria drawing samples from listed non-finance firms on the floor of the Nigerian Exchange Group market. While performance proxied by return on asset is the dependent variable, the independent variables adopted for this study includes structural capital efficiency, capital employed efficiency, human capital efficiency and value-added intellectual capital coefficient. Furthermore, in line with related extant literature, we employed the variable of leverage to control our model. The econometric techniques adopted in this study are the panel fixed and Random effect regression techniques. The empirical result of this study leads to the conclusion that out of the four independent variables adopted in this study, only the variable of human capital efficiency insignificantly affect performance of listed non-finance firms in Nigeria. However, we conclude that structural capital efficiency, capital employed efficiency and value-added intellectual coefficient significantly improve firm performance. On the bases of these findings, we recommend that managers should place great emphasis on structural capital. They need to invest more in its human capital instruments through continuous learning and training. We recommend that managers should provide more towards proper training of employees and ensure that the right persons are selected for the job.
Citation: Aluwong Dogara Blessed (2022) Intellectual Capital Performance of non-finance firms in Nigeria, European Journal of Business and Innovation Research, Vol.10, No.1, pp. 1-17