Tag Archives: Nigeria

Factors Challenging the Adoption of Cloud Computing Application in E-Learning among Polytechnics in Northeastern Nigeria (Published)

The trend of teaching and learning actives is moving fast towards cloud computing application as the universe becoming global village. The aim of this research is to determine factors that are responsible for the challenges of adopting cloud computing application in e-learning system among Polytechnics in the North East, Nigeria. Sampling techniques was used in to gathering data and average coded total was used in data analysis. The findings of the research revealed that cloud computing application is associated with following challenges: delay/denial of service, compatibility issue, ICT infrastructure, lack of trained personnel; breach of trust, poor policy, managerial issue, confidentiality, integrity, inadequate user access and technological bottlenecks. Also, the research shown that academic and IT staff are familiar with cloud computing application. The study recommended among other things using compile application (user will not have access to the address link) for effective security.

Keywords: Adoption, Application, Cloud Computing, E-learning, Nigeria, challenging, polytechnics northeastern

Effect of Dividend Policy on Shareholders Wealth in Nigeria (1986 To 2016) (Published)

This study investigated the effect of dividend policy on shareholders wealth in Nigeria. Data were generated on market price per share (MPS), dividend per share (DPS), net asset per share (NAPS) and earnings per share (EPS) from annual report and accounts of twenty five quoted companies in  Nigeria stock exchange (NSE) Fact book and daily official list. To analyze the data, the statistical tools that have been used are ordinary least square regressions (OLS), unit root tests, Johansen cointegration and error correction model (ECM) for predicting the dividend policy effect on shareholder’s wealth. The significance of the   various explanatory variables has been tested by computing t-values. To determine the proportion of explained variation in the dependent variable, the coefficient of determination (R2) has been worked out. The significance of R2 has also been tested with the help of F-value. The results show that most of the variable except dividend per share had significant relationship with market price per share. The R2 and F-test shows that earnings, dividend and net assets has combined effect on market price of shares but none of these variables has direct independent influence in determining the price of share in the stock market. This paper, therefore conclude that dividend payout does not have effect on shareholders wealth and shareholders do not react to dividend information. It was therefore recommended that firms operating under this environment should ignore distribution of earning and concentrate with investments that will boost net assets.

Keywords: Dividend Policy, Nigeria, Shareholders Wealth

Cashless Policy and the Performance of Deposit Money Banks in Nigeria (Published)

The main objective of the study is to investigate the effect of cashless policy on the performance of deposit money banks in Nigeria (2009-2018). The specific objectives are to: Investigate the effect of automated teller machine, examine the effect of point of sale, assess the effect of mobile banking, and to examine the effect of internet banking respectively on the performance of deposit money banks in Nigeria. We employed Econometric techniques involving Descriptive Statistics, Augmented Dicker Fuller and Philip Perron Tests for Unit Roots and the Autoregressive Distributed Lags (ARDL) for cointegration and coefficient analysis. The result of the study indicates that Automated Teller Machine (ATM) and Internet Banking each has a positive and significant effect on return on equity (ROE). Point of Sale (POS) has a positive but insignificant effect on return on equity, while Mobile Banking (MB has a negative and statistically significant effect on ROE, The study thus concludes that cashless policy has positively affected the performance of money deposit banks in Nigeria. The study recommends that government should provide uninterrupted power supply and adequate communication link while shortfalls should be covered by banks through back-up arrangement to power standby generator in case of power outage.

Keywords: Automated Teller Machine, Internet Banking, Nigeria, economic growth, mobile banking, point of sale

Entrepreneurial Marketing Dimensions and Market Performance of Small and Medium-scaled Enterprises in Niger Delta, Nigeria (Published)

Although small and medium enterprises provide diverse employment opportunities and economic growth in the Nigerian economy, entrepreneurial marketing has received little attention in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria in spite of challenges faced by them. The study examined the entrepreneurial marketing dimensions and market performance of small and medium scale enterprises in Delta State. A sample of 245 respondents comprises of owners or managers of SME’s in Warri/Effurun Metropolis were selected for study. Convenience sampling techniques was used to select the sample after the area has been subdivided into zone with quota sampling methods. A survey research design was used to collect data from respondents through the use of questionnaire. Hypothesized relationships between the variables of study were tested using multiple regressions. Findings reveal that all the entrepreneurial marketing dimensions of pro-activeness, opportunity-focused, innovation-oriented, customer intensity, resource leveraging and value creation have significant positive relationship with market performance while risk making have a negative relationship. It is therefore recommended that owners and managers of SME’s should be pro-active, aggressive and innovative in design of strategies towards enhancing market performance in their organization.

 

Keywords: Entrepreneurial Marketing, Market Performance, Niger-Delta, Nigeria, small and medium-scaled enterprises

Analysis of the Effect of Exchange Rate Fluctuation on the Manufacturing performance in Nigeria (1981 – 2018) (Published)

Theoretically, and indeed empirically it has been postulated that Exchange Rate fluctuations has had a significant effect on manufacturing performance in terms of output growth and contribution to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP). This study aimed to examine the Exchange Rate fluctuations on manufacturing performance in Nigeria over a period of 37 years (from 1981-2018), using annual data obtained from collected from CBN, NBS and Index Mundi Nigeria. An ARDL approach was used for the analysis. The empirical results of the study shows that an exchange rate volatility has negatively affect the performance of the Nigerian manufacturing sector as can be seen from the from the respective coefficients of the estimated variables, , the long run relationship analysis and the causal relationship between the dependent and the independent variables. The study recommends encouraging and improving exchange rate stability in Nigeria as this may help improve the capacity of the country’s manufacturing sector, hence expand its contribution to GDP growth.

Keywords: Nigeria, ardl model, economic growth, exchange rate fluctuations, manufacturing performance

Impact of Library Services and Resources on Undergraduate Students as users of faculty Library: A case study of Faculty of Management Science Library, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology (LAUTECH) Ogbomoso, Nigeria (Published)

This paper examined the impact of library resources and service on undergraduate students as users of Faculty library. The research also based on the type of materials accessed by users, impact of library services provided, adequacy of library resources and service, problem faced in the usage of faculty library and solution. To retrieve the necessary information, a questionnaire was randomly distributed to a sample of 300 respondents drawn from a population of 600 library users of undergraduate students of Faculty of Management Science Library, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso, Oyo State, Nigeria. The findings revealed that library resources were not stressful to access to students as a result of adequacies emanating from resources.  A response rate of at least 100% was achieved. The researcher used frequency and simple percentage to analyze the data, the outcome results indicated that the majority of 78% of the respondents find the resources and service of Faculty Library effective. 85% of the respondents agreed that the Faculty Library resources are adequate for their various information needs. Base on the finding, recommendations were made in order to boost the library services and resources provided to meet more of the demands of teeming population of users. It was recommended among others that electronic /online information resources should be made available in the library to help students and scholars to have access to current materials. Also the library collection should be well organized to ensure that the catalogue and other bibliographic access resources reflect the truth content of the library.

Keywords: Faculty, Library, Library Resources, Nigeria, Students, Undergraduate, University, impact of library service

Firms Debt Structure and Shareholder Returns: Moderating Role of Foreign Director of Multinational Companies in Nigeria (Published)

Financing decision is one of the important areas in managerial finance to increase shareholders’ wealth. Firms can use either debt or capital to finance their business. This study uses two-stage least squares model and examines the impact of foreign directors as moderating variable on the relationship between firm debt structure and shareholders’ returns of quoted multinational firms in Nigeria.  Secondary data were extracted from the annual reports of six (6) most active quoted multinationals firms on the Nigerian Stock Exchange for the period 2006 to 2018. After running the OLS regression, a robustness test was conducted for validity of statistical inferences. A multiple regression was employed using PCSE regression model and FGLS regression model respectively for model one and two. The study documents in model one that debt to total asset has a positive and significant effect on shareholder returns while debt to equity and debt to turnover have negative and significant effect on shareholders returns though foreign director has no significant impact of shareholder returns. The model two, revealed the moderating role of foreign director, where the debt to equity has a positive and significant effect on shareholder returns while debt to turnover revealed a negative and significant effect on the return to shareholder funds. Though, debt to total asset has no significant effect on shareholders returns. In line with the findings, the study recommended that board of directors of the study firms should ensure that listed multinationals firms in Nigeria should appoint foreigner in their board composition so that the interest of various shareholder’s would be fully protected by avoiding unnecessary debt and proper management of the company debt file and sales improve upon their turnover and reduction of unnecessary cost.

Keywords: Multinational Firms, Nigeria, debt structure, shareholder returns

Self-Concept and Its Influence on Antisocial Behaviour-Personality of Nigerian Security and Civil Defence Corps (NSCDC) Personnel in Awka, Anambra State, Nigeria (Published)

The study examined “self-concept and its influence on antisocial behaviour/personality of Nigerian Security and Civil Defence Corps (NSCDC) personnel in Awka, Anambra State”, with 327 participants sampled through cluster and incidental methods. Valid/reliable Self-Concept and Psychopathic Deviant Scales measured self-concept and antisocial behaviours respectively, adopting cross-sectional design and ANCOVA statistics. Findings: Self-concept significantly contributed to NSCDC personnel’s antisocial personality (p< .001≥ .000; N = 327; Fs = 3.057, 3.551, 4.198, & 12.950). Self-concept did not significantly influence the personnel’s psychopathic personality (p< .001≥ .000; F = .934; N = 327). Self-concept significantly influenced the personnel’s antisocial personality (p< .001≥ .000; F = 5.691; N = 327), criminal behaviour (p< .001≥ .000; F = 6.797; N = 327), fraudulent behaviour (p< .001≥ .000; F = 10.559; N = 327), and delinquency (p< .001≥ .000; F = 5.610; N = 327). Recommendation: NSCDC should inculcate healthy/ethnics-oriented self-concepts in the personnel.

Keywords: Anambra State, Civil Defence, NSCDC, Nigeria, Personality, Self-Concept, antisocial behavior

Gender Influence on the Use of Information and Communication Technology by Lecturers in Library Schools in South-East and South-South Zones of Nigeria (Published)

The general purpose of the study is to determine the gender influence on the use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) by lecturers in library schools in South-East and South-South Zones of Nigeria. The study covers the entire population of 162 lecturers in library schools in South-East and South-South zones of Nigeria. 145 copies of the questionnaire were completed and returned for analysis representing 89.5%. The result of the finding shows that both male and female lecturers use ICT. This is evident to the fact that lecturers whose gender makes them appreciate the use of ICT had mean value of 3.0. The study recommends that seminars and workshops on ICT should be organized for lecturers. This will help to expose them to the potentials which ICT offers in the field of academic, and through this way arouse their interest more towards the use of ICT. Again lecturers with negative attitudes to ICT because of gender barrier should be encouraged through ICT training programme. This will make such lecturers to develop positive attitudes towards ICT and use it for their academic activities.

Keywords: Nigeria, South-East, South-South, gender influence information and communication technology, lecturers’ library schools, zones

Herders Insurgency and Federalism in Nigeria (Published)

The paper is on Herders Insurgency and Federalism in Nigeria. The North Central of Nigeria has been griped with Herdsmen insurgency, the problem of insecurity that have almost affected the Federal system of government in Nigeria, were unity in diversity is no longer seen as hallmark for forming a federal state. The main objective of the study is to investigate causes and effects of Herders insurgency and its implication on Federalism in Nigeria. The Study employed secondary sources of data collection, using theoretical framework of conflict theory as an analytical tool. One major finding is that, Herders insurgency is due to the influence of Boko Haram, which has it negative implication for the Co-ordinate existence of Nigeria Federalism. We therefore, recommend restructuring of the Federal System and a transparent conflict resolution means by the state, to encourage trust and confidence among the federating units, for national integration and unity.

Keywords: Federalism, Insurgency, Nigeria, headers

General Mortality Rate in Nigeria: A Case Study of Federal Medical Centre Jabi, Abuja (Published)

Mortality is one of the components of population changes; it is completely out of human control and affects every segment of a population. Mortality is a term used to describe the contribution of death to population change and refers to the permanent disappearance of all evidence of life at any time after live birth has taken place. This study applies a retrospective design through the conduct of record review using the mortality registers from 2013 – 2017 with key variables of interest extracted. The Chi-square test of independence technique, two ways ANOVA, life table, and population projection model (exponential model) were employed for the analysis of the relevant data. The null hypothesis of “No significant association between causes of death and sex” was accepted; P-value of 0.377 is greater than 0.05, we accept Ho and conclude that there is no significant association between diseases and sex. More males than females died of congestive cardiac failure, diabetes and severe birth asphyxia. About 160 males and females were recorded dead in the 2013 – 2017; out of which 53.8% of them were males and 46.2% of them were females – this implies that the risk of death at any given age is less for females than for males. The five-leading cause of death in Nigeria were Congestive Cardiac Failure (45%), Sepsis (23%), Pneumonia (15%), RVD (12%) and Respiratory Distress (5%). The general population growth rate shows a decrease in the rate of mortality across all ages; but the age specific growth rate shows that infant mortality is on the rise and tends to double in the year 2025 if the current growth rate persists. The life table shows that the life expectancy at birth is 43.5 years (= 8.69) and that a man aged 20 years has about 44% chances of dying before his 50th birthday. The study showed that the risk of death at any given age is less for females than for males, while under – 5 years have the higher risk of dying compared to other age categories with about 28.1% of new born babies dying before reaching age five. Regular medical checks remain optimally essential in prolonging of life as well as ensuring a healthy well-being.

Keywords: Abuja, Federal Medical Centre, Jabi, Nigeria, general, mortality rate

Lobbying and Corruption: A Critical Analysis (Published)

This work critically analyses the concept of lobbying and corruption both of which are means of influencing the government. Specifically, the study looks closely at the distinction between lobbying and corruption with a view to recommending one as a better means of influencing and participating in government. Adopting the structural functional approach as a theoretical framework, the work basically discovers that while lobbying is legal and a profession, corruption on the other hand, is illegal and bereft of any requirement for expertise for those who indulge in it. The structural functionalist theory was adopted because it clearly brings out those governmental structures –the legislature and the executive – responsible for the provision of dividends of democracy and security to the electorates. The work stresses the need for the citizenry to imbibe the “virtues” of lobbying so as to help the legislators and other government officials realise the goal of government which is the extension of the good life to the majority of the citizenry. The paper finally recommends the legalisation of lobbying in Nigeria to enable the citizenry shun political apathy in order to team up with the government to achieve the goal of government as this demands collective responsibility.

Keywords: Bribery, Corruption, Nigeria, lobbying, lobbying bill

A Stylo-Pragmatic Analysis of Selected English Gospel Songs in Nigeria (Published)

This paper explores the stylo-pragmatic properties of English gospel songs in Nigeria. This is an area where researchers have not really beamed their searchlights on despite wide-spread and general acceptability of Christian gospel songs in Nigeria. The aim of this study is, however, to utilise parodic strategies, as promoted by Morson (1989) and Bakhtin (1981), to explore some Christian lyrics in Nigeria. Three songs are purposively selected to reflect the linguistic multiplicity of Nigeria. They are: Pernam Percy Paul’s Bring Down Your Glory, Osinachi Joseph’s You Are Able and Dunsin Oyekan’s Open Up. The paper is able to show that Christian songs in Nigeria portray deeper meanings than what the lyrics present at the points of rendition. There are underlining parodies in which the alternate interpretation of a lyrics opens up deeper meaning that may probably suggest the intention of the song writer.

Keywords: Nigeria, Stylo-pragmatics, gospel songs, linguistic multiplicity, parodic strategies

Monetary Policy and Inclusive Growth in Nigeria (Published)

The objective of the study is to determine the impact of monetary policy on inclusive growth. The study employed multivariate regression model to establish the effect. Data was collected on PCI as proxy for inclusive growth, and exchange rate, interest rate and money supply as monetary policy tools. The OLS technique revealed a significant variation between money supply and inclusive growth which implies that it will be in the best interest of the populace if monetary policy measures are employed to effect changes in the economy.

Keywords: Growth, Monetary Policy, Nigeria, inclusive

Phytochemical Screening and in-Vitro Antioxidant Activity on Vernonia Amygdalina (Ewuro- Bitter Leaf) (Published)

Most of the plants exhibit a variety of phyto-pharmaceuticals, which have important applications in the fields of agriculture, human and veterinary medicine. This study was conducted to evaluate phytochemical screening and in-vitro antioxidant activity on Vernonia amygdalina (bitter leaf) at the Department of Biological Sciences, Federal Polytechnic, Ado Ekiti. It was revealed that the phytochemical constituents in Bitter leaf (Vernonia amygdalina) were alkaloids, saponin, tannins, terpenoids, flavonoids and cardiac glycosides in the extract. Anti-oxidant property results of the aqueous extract of Bitter leaf (Vernonia amygdalina) showed Total phenolic content was 120.16mg Gallic acid equivalent/g extract while the total flavonoid was 235.147mg Quercetin equivalent/g extract. The plant could be exploited as source of antioxidant additives and used for future project to evaluate the potentials of Bitter leaf (Vernonia amygdalina) as a strong medicinal plant in improving human health status.

Keywords: Nigeria, Phytochemical, anti-oxidant, in vitro, vernonia amygdalina

Integrated Reporting and Implications for Accounting Curriculum in Nigeria (Published)

Integrated reporting (<IR>) has been promoted by influential international organisations as the communication vehicle that provides concise, future-oriented and strategically relevant information and integrates financial, social and environmental elements to providers of the capitals and other interested parties. Increasing adoption of <IR> globally envisages significant implications for accounting education and the accounting curriculum, for both professional and academic training necessary for the “new” corporate reporting protocol. This paper reviews integrated reporting literature to access the principles and frameworks and outputs articulated by these influential organisations. In view of the suggested reporting outcomes, fundamental guiding principles and the main components of an integrated report, it is envisaged that the “new” accounting curricula would focus more on the longer-term than the shorter-term, more on corporate strategic outlook than operational or transactional processes; more prospective rather than retrospective analysis and reporting on wider business performance metrics than on narrower external financial reporting data or audit compliance. While leading global professional accountancy bodies (e.g., ACCA & CIMA) have already fully incorporated integrated reporting principles within their curriculum at the professional level, only few universities outside Nigeria have incorporated integrated reporting principles or learning outcomes within their existing curriculum. The paper calls on Accounting Departments of universities to incorporate <IR> principles into their course offerings.

Keywords: Accounting Curriculum, Nigeria, Social Responsibility, Stakeholder Engagement, Sustainability, integrated reporting

Perception and Uptake of Malaria Rapid Diagnostic Test among Caregivers of Under-Five in Owerri West Local Government Area of Imo State, Nigeria (Published)

The launch of RDT is hoped to enable in reducing the rate of presumptive treatment of malaria. However, simply making RDTs available has not led to high uptake of the test, in light of this, it is crucial to understand the perception of RDT and its uptake among caregivers concerning the treatment of malaria in under five children, therefore the aim of the study was to determine the perception and uptake of rapid diagnostic test in the treatment of malaria among care givers of under five children in Owerri West Local Government. Descriptive study was employed and a multi stage cluster and systematic sampling techniques was used to select 420 respondents in the LGA. The Instrument for data collection was structured pre- tested questionnaire which was administered by trained researcher after gaining informed consent from the respondents. Results of the study showed that more respondents were aged 30 -49 years 161 (38.3%), females 268 (63.8%), Married 216 (51.4%), Primary education 126 (63.8%) and civil servant was 196 (46%) respectively. Perception of malaria RDT showed that 175 (41.7%) respondents were of the opinion that mRDT was useful, 102 (24.3%) not useful, 101 (24%) dangerous while 16 (2.8%) felt it was not good. Malaria RDT uptake indicated that majority of the respondents 223 (53.1%) did not know about RDT and 215 (51.2%) did not carry out mRDT test. 300 (73.8%) indicated that malaria rapid diagnostic test is not very useful and 373 (88.8%) of caregivers were of the opinion that mRDTs w ere expensive. From the study it is evident that the perception of malaria rapid diagnostic is negative and low, therefore sensitization of the caregivers about mRDTs will be of benefit.

Keywords: Imo State, Malaria, Nigeria, Perception, Uptake, under five

Terrorism Cognition and Violent Extremism as Influenced by Cultural Orientation and Social Anxiety: A Cross-Cultural Study of Eastern and Northern Nigerian Samples (Published)

This study investigated Terrorism Cognition and Violent Extremism as influenced by Cultural Orientation and Social Anxiety in Nigerian, using 200 Northern Nigerian Samples, and 200 Eastern Nigerian Samples. Design was cross-sectional, with MANOVA and descriptive statistics. Findings: Terrorism Cognition, and Violent Extremism are significantly influenced by Cultural Orientation, and Social Anxiety, which differ significantly for Eastern and Northern Nigerian samples; Terrorism cognition as significantly influenced by Cultural Orientation (P≤ .05≥ .015 & .019; P≤ .001 ≥ .000), and Social Anxiety (p≤ .05≥ .038 & .014; p≤ .001 ≥ .000) is above average for Northern samples, but below average for Eastern samples; Knowledge of Violent Extremism as significantly influenced by Cultural Orientation (P≤ .05≥ .036), and Social Anxiety (P≤ .05≥ .021 & .015) is above average for Eastern samples, but below average for Northern samples. Recommendation: Counter-terrorism and anti-terrorism policies in Nigeria should incorporate rebranding cultural and social values (systems).

Keywords: Cross-Cultural, Nigeria, cultural-orientation, social-anxiety, terrorism-cognition, violent-extremism

Structure of Road Network Connectivity in the Benue Basin of Nigeria (Published)

The structure of road network connectivity in any region can either promote or reduce agricultural production, market opportunities, cultural and social interactions as well as businesses and employment opportunities. This study evaluates road network connectivity in the Benue Basin of Nigeria. Data on the existing road network including type and conditions, density and length of the roads in the study area were extracted from existing road map of Nigeria, and satellite imagery of the Benue basin. The data was analysed using different methods of network connectivity analysis including beta index, alpha and gamma indices. The findings reveal four types of roads network in the basin which are grouped into three categories namely: federal highways (trunk A), state government roads (trunk B) and local government and community roads (trunk C) which are in various state of deplorable conditions. The result of connectivity analysis reveals a beta index (β) of 0.98 for the basin, alpha index of -0.05, gamma index of 0.2 which indicates that Benue basin has poor road network connectivity. A comparative analysis of road network connectivity among the five states that fall within the basin shows variation among them with Benue and Taraba states having a better connectivity than others in the region. Based on the findings, the study noted that provision of effective roads network connectivity is fundamentally important to the development and well-being of the inhabitants of the Benue basin. The current road network connectivity of the basin needs urgent attentions to reposition the region for rapid socio-economic development. The study recommends funding of road infrastructure particularly building new roads and rehabilitating the existing ones in the region by it policy makers/stakeholders considering the fact that transport is the lifeline of the economy and social interactions.

 

Keywords: Benue basin, Connectivity, Nigeria, Structure, road network

Challenges and Prospects of Monitoring Of Adult Education Projects and Programmes For Sustainability in Nigeria (Published)

The focus of the paper is on identification of the challenges and prospects of adult education projects and programmes for sustainability in Nigeria. Inadequacy of data, challenge of appropriate interpretation of data, poor utilization of feedback from monitoring, poor funding of monitoring of adult education projects and programmes among others were identified in the paper as the challenges of monitoring of adult education projects and programmes for sustainability in Nigeria. The paper equally identified provision of good information, control of the cost of projects and programmes as well as maintaining the use of good standard as the prospects of monitoring of adult education projects and programmes for sustainability in Nigeria. The paper recommends the need for relevant stakeholders in adult education projects and programmes to understand the efficacy of utilization of feedback from monitoring, the need for many task-team members to have adequate technical knowledge and skills among others for effective monitoring of adult education projects and programmes

Keywords: Adult Education, Challenges, Monitoring, Nigeria, Programmes, Projects, Prospects, Sustainability