Triangular Assessment Model: An Alternative Procedure for Assessing Higher Degree Research in Education in Nigeria (Published)
The aim of this paper is to provide an alternate procedure for assessing higher degree research in Education in Universities in Nigeria. The author therefore proposed Triangular Assessment Model (TAM) and considered it appropriate for assessing higher Degree Research in Education since it provides an opportunity for the external and internal examiners as well as the supervisor to score the higher Degree Research for certification at the ratio of 40%, 30% and 30% respectively. The Current method where the total power is vested on the External Examiner is out of phrase with valid assessment procedure which relies on the average scores from several scorers. In Triangular Assessment Model, each of them will independently complete their respective Forms. Three instruments (Forms) developed for these purpose are – Higher Degree Research Assessment Form (HDRAF) for External and Internal Examiners, having 82 items with reliability of .8264. Higher Degree Research Supervisor Assessment Form (HDRSAF) having 27 items with reliability of .8003 and Observation Form having 8 items with inter-rater reliability of .7924. The Model was considered appropriate and the forms are believed to provide verifiably data for certification of Higher Degrees in Nigeria.
This paper focused on preparing globally minded accounting graduates through modern accounting curriculum. Three hypotheses were formulated and tested. The population of the study comprised six hundred and two (602) accounting lecturers and students selected from both private and public Universities in Nigeria of which three hundred and one (301) were purposively sampled. Structured questionnaire of 35 items was used as instrument for data collection. It was validated by three research experts and the Cronbach Alpha reliability coefficient was used to establish the reliability of the instrument which yielded coefficient value of 0.91. The Mean of the responses with their standard deviation was used to answer the research questions. The student’s t-test statistic was used to test the three hypotheses at 0.05 level a significance, using Eview statistical software. The study reveals that modern techniques of the practice of accounting are not yet included into the accounting curriculum of the selected Universities in Nigeria. It also discovers that emphasis is heavily placed on paper qualification of the lecturers with little or no emphasis on the practical demonstration and ability of the lecturers to impact knowledge into the students. It also reveals that in order to enhance practical skills of accounting graduates, practical exposure of the students is important for them to be relevant in a global economy. The study recommends regular training and retraining of accounting lecturers on modern techniques of the practice of accounting to enhance contemporary knowledge of accounting graduates in the global market. Based on the findings and recommendations, the paper concludes that for the massive unemployment situation being experienced by accounting graduates in the developing countries to reduce, there is the urgent need to equip the graduates with relevant marketable skills that will make them relevant in the global labour market.
The study is aimed at investigating the effect of gender, socio-economic status and settings on computer literacy among undergraduate students in Nigeria universities. 300 undergraduate students were randomly selected form 3 universities in the geo-political zones in the southern Nigeria. A questionnaire containing 20 items was drawn in line with the 3 hypothesis raised for the study. The instrument was validated by experts in test and evaluation as well as Higher Education administration experts. The reliability of the instrument was established using the test-re-test method. The data collected was analyzed using the Pearson Product Moment correlation coefficient statistic and it was established at 0.86 which shows that the instrument is reliable. The 3 hypothesis were analyzed using the t-test statistical method. The study shows that there is a significantly difference between male and female undergraduate students in computer literacy. Thesocio-economic status of students affect their exposure to computer recourses. There is a significant difference between students brought up in urban and rural settings in their exposure and use of the computers. Plausible suggestions were made if computer literacy is to be given a pride of pace among undergraduate student