Compliance of Basic Standard of Home-Stay in Nepal (Published)
The concept of tourism is explained in Sanskrit literature also which denotes the meaning of tourism as: going out from house for pleasure and knowledge, going out of the country for economic gain and going out to places for religious purposes. Home-stay is the newly emerged concept of tourism which promotes the rural tourism. Home-stay is one source of income for rural people. The main objective of this paper is to analyse the compliance of basic standard of home-stay in Nepal. The study was conducted in Ghale-Gaun of Lamjung district, Amaltari of Nawalparasi district and Pathra of Tanahu district of Nepal. Purposively sampling technique was used to select the households. Total 102 home-stay entities were selected from the three districts. The study found good compliance of basic standards of home-stay in Nepal. Nawalparasi district has adopted all criteria of compliance than other two districts. The study calculated the total value and found the total compliance of standard of home-stay as prescribed by the Nepal government. The data shows that 86%, 100% and 89% home-stay of Lamjung, Nawalparasi and Tanahu districts respectively adopted the standard of home-stay prescribed by the Government of Nepal. There was need of commitment from home-stay operators as well as monitoring from the concerned authority to ensure the quality service of home-stay.
Keywords: Compliance, Home-stay standard, Nepal, Tourism
Implication of Diffusion Model In The Process of Adoption & Practices of Organic Farming in Nepal (Published)
The theory of diffusion of innovation is very popular and widely tested theory in the process of diffusion of information among the wider society. Information system effects on the decision making process. Right information in right time can make the right decision. The aim of this study was to examine the implication of diffusion model in the process of adoption and practices of organic farming in Nepalese context. The study was conducted among the 578 farmers of four districts by selecting purposively. Structured questionnaires survey was done to collect their experiences. As a theoretical process of diffusion model: initially farmers collected the information from neighbors, radio & TV and other sources and thought about its cost and benefit and decide to adoption. After its practice, more than 95% felt satisfaction and suggested to other people also to involve in the organic farming. Finally, more than 98% confirmed its necessity of continuation in future also. No any farmer decided to discontinue of organic farming in near future. There is significant improvement in the socio-economic status of farmers after involvement in organic farming so that farmers are eager to continue it. Some of the farmers have reported its challenges also which needs to be addressed by the government authorities and other concerned organization to increase the numbers of organic farmers.
Keywords: Diffusion Model, Implication, Nepal, Organic farming, Process & Practices
Challenges of Organic Farming Faced By Nepalese Farmers (Published)
Organic farming can directly contribute in the better health and environment. It may the better alternative for the problem of climate change and environmental degradation. Promotion of organic farming is necessary so the study is going to explore the challenges of organic farming faced by the Nepalese farmers. . The study was conducted in four districts: Kathmandu, Lalitpur, Bhaktpur and Dhading. Altogether, 578 organic farmers were selected purposively. Mixed method was used to collect the data. Statistical analysis was done for quantitative data and logical interpretation was done for qualitative data. The study explored the various challenges of organic farming: high investment and price of goods, low production, less selling because of the lack of knowledge among the consumers, limited market, no provision of compensation if production damaged, and lack of certification. Farmers requested to address all these problem of organic farmers to encourage the involvement for coming generation. Nepal government can study on the possible way of solution with the close interaction of organic farmers.
Keywords: Certification, Challenges, Farmers, Nepal, Organic farming