The article investigates on the beneficial effects of natural resource endowments on economic growth in a sample of 37 African countries. Contrary to previous studies in this area, the work focused on the premise that, the different resource status of countries in the region have a significant impact on the nature of the results obtained in any study, when considering the relationship between natural resource and economic growth in sub Saharan Africa. In this regard, Sub-Saharan Africa is split into resource rich and resource poor countries. Using the Generalized Method of Moment, Panel data from the period, 1996-2018 in resource poor, as well as in resource rich countries is analysed. The major findings are as follows: (i) Natural resource endowment is seen to have a positive and significant effect on economic growth for resource rich countries; in resource poor countries, the effects of natural resource endowment on economic growth remains positive but insignificant (ii) However, other variables, such as institutional quality variables, might mitigate that effect in various ways.
A Nexus between Poverty and Resource Dependency (Published)
Natural resources are essential for economic growth of a region by providing ecosystem services to the rich and poor equally. Natural resources are limited in nature which raise a question on their sustainability. The paper explicit that rich and poor both are dependent on resources but their purpose is different, rich people who are already financially strong even then they consume more resources in order to get more profits while due to the large size of family, poor directly depend on ecosystem services just for the sake of survival of livelihood. Finally, Paper concluded that the deteriorating relation of poverty and resource dependency reached out at imbalanced stage and became an inexplicable question of natural resource management. Some recommendation offered regrading nexus between poverty and resource dependency and asserts that a greater involvement of formal institutions can play an important role in bridging the gap between poverty and resources.
Russian Interest in Central Asia in Natural/Energy Resources (Published)
Natural/energy resources are considered as the key factors of the nation’s economic development. In the modern world, energy has been considered as the lifeline since it is required in almost every human activity. In order to support national development, any country wants to exploit as much natural/energy resources as possible (Skipka and Theodore, 2014). The powerful countries are not only using their own resources but also paying interests to resources of other countries. This assessment tires to critically explore Russian interest in Central Asia in natural/energy resources.
What Policies Have Been implemented in the Protection of Sierra Leone’s Natural Resources (Published)
Sierra Leone is one of the fastest growing economies in Africa, with mining and agriculture as the primary industries driving such economic growth. However, despite the booming economic conditions, there are various environmental issues that the country is facing that impact and hinder the economic and environmental stability of the country. The country is rich in natural resources, most particularly mineral resources. The purpose of the study is to critically analyze the various environmental policies and legislative efforts made by the government through the Sierra Leone Environmental Protection Agency. It further investigates the various environmental issues and problems addressed by these existing policies and legislations, as well as evaluate their effectiveness. Five administrators and heads of the Environmental Protection Agency were interviewed. Findings showed that there were various policies and legislative efforts instigated in order to protect and conserve their natural resources, primarily their mineral resources, water resources, land resources and coastal and marine resources.Analysis also showed that some of these policies and legislations are less effective in meeting their purpose due to various factors such as poor governance, lack of infrastructure, human resources management ineffectiveness, lack of public awareness and many others. Recommendations were provided following the analysis.
Land-Rights, Women and Food-Crop Production in Cross River State: Implications for Rural Food Supply and Natural Resources Management (Published)
The aim of the paper is to examine land-rights, women, and food-crop production in Cross River State: implications for rural food supply and natural resources management. The specific objectives of the study is to identify the sources and sizes of farmlands by gender, identify the rights and land use pattern of women with differential access to land and determine the effects of women’s rights to land on rural food supply and natural resources management. Household questionnaires were the primary source of data for the study. A multi-stage stratified random sampling procedure was adopted in selecting samples for the study. Descriptive and inferential analytical tools were used for the data analysis. Descriptive procedure used was the proportionate distribution of counts. The influence of gender rights to land on food supply and natural resources management was analyzed by the Chi square (x2) statistical method. The results were tested at 0.5 and 0.1 level of significance. Findings indicate that there is a significant difference in food availability and natural resources strategies employed by men and women. Therefore, to ensure rural food availability and the maintenance of the natural resource base, rural women’s rights to resources (land) need to become a legal possibility and a political priority in Nigeria.