Tag Archives: Nationalism

The construction of women in representations of Palestine in Ghassan Kanafani’s Umm Saad (Published)

This essay will argue that the multiplicity of identities is the main feature in the construction of representations of women in Palestine. Moreover; this essay will explore a range of different identities and positions that Palestinian women take on. In order to demonstrate this aim, the paper will contrast and compare the representations of Palestinian women both before and after the Intifada as represented by the male writer Ghassan Kanafani and the female writer Suad Amiry. And will analyse the multiplicity of female identities in the works of Kanafani and Amiry. Two specific texts by Kanafani and Amiry were  chosen  in order to give a more profound analysis – Umm Saad  which represents a Palestinian woman before the Intifada‘ with ’a nationalism that draws as a political movement which challenges the colonial state’’ and Sharon and My Mother-in-Law: Ramallah Diaries that symbolises the Palestinian woman after the Intifada with different kind of nationalism that draws on‘’ a cultural construct which enables the colonial to posit their differences and autonomy’’. The choice of these texts is explained by the fact that they provide the most vivid representations of both the colonial and anti-colonial mentalities of Palestinian women. These texts are also chosen because they clearly reveal a distinction between ‘under occupation literature’ and ‘exile literature”.

Keywords: Feminism, Identity, Nationalism, palestinian woman, post-colonialism

Whitman’s “Leaves of Grass”: An Irony of Inclusiveness (Published)

Although some believe that Walt Whitman’s “Leaves of Grass” is inclusionary democratic poem, it additionally is exclusionary. Widely read as carrying the idea of inclusive democracy and nationalism, the critics like   Betsy Erkkila defines him not only as an American but the world citizen in terms of his inclusive thoughts. But this claim of Whitman’s inclusiveness is ironically lacking in the poem, “Leaves of Grass” and in the reality. Whitman sounds rather sentimental than real in the poem. Though he seems to celebrate democracy, his idea of nationalism has failed to give comparatively equal space to the minorities of immigrants, African-Americans and Native Americans. Moreover, in his efforts to appear inclusive he sounds exclusive that has given an imperial tone to the poem. This paper aims at showing the gap between the ideal notion of nationalism and the problem of excluding minor nationalities in the poem. This contrast of Whitman’s ideal and the real will be discussed primarily with reference to the textual evidences and analysis with the ideas of critics. After some basic concepts of democracy and justice, the paper is to bring that issue into consideration.

Keywords: Democracy, Imperial, Inclusiveness, Minorities, Nationalism, Representation.

THE PALESTINIAN DILEMMA “PART TWO”: HISTORICAL TUTELAGE…..OR…..POLITICAL GUARDIANSHIP! THE PALESTINIAN ATTITUDE TOWARD NATIONAL SOVEREIGNTY TILL 1967! (Published)

This paper examines an alternate version of the Palestinian dilemma historically rooted in their selves, and over the ages and times got to be as a main component and the hallmark of their culture and a chronic flaw alike; existence under historical tutelage and political guardianship. Shockingly, the Palestinians prepared – according to their history – to live under the control and governance of their conquerors or victors, in addition to experience the sense of oppressed colonized people under the weight of colonizers. The present examination attempts to investigate the Palestinian dilemma; people under historical tutelage and political guardianship until 1967, and to focus on the notions of the nation, nationalism and national sovereignty. Another aim is exploring Palestine, a land without any national sovereignty and the Palestinian attitude toward it until 1967, alongside nationalism and the Palestinian national movement. This led to emergence, reformation, and said implications until 1967. The analyst infers that the most exceedingly awful chronicled problem, for any individuals, that they habituated to live under tutelage and political guardianship, as this paper demonstrated concerning the Palestinians. Both Palestinian and Arab neighboring pioneers never had any accurate patterns or disposition to secure an independent state in Palestine from the fall of Ottoman Empire until UN allotment was arranged in 1947, or even during and after the 1948 war. Additionally, the Palestinian national movement was unable to lead its people to national sovereignty in their territory in 1967!

Keywords: Guardianship, Nationalism, Palestinian Dilemma, Sovereignty., Tutelage

ALEXANDRIA’S SOCIAL ENVIRONMENT IMPACT ON PUBLIC SPACES (Published)

This paper is devoted to understanding the question of public spaces in the city of Alexandria as an embodiment of our social environment – as Alexandrians – by doing a historical survey through the last 200 years, as the year 1805 represents the actual beginning of the modern history of urbanism in Egypt by the time Mohamed Ali pasha (the viceroy) was in power ruling Egypt.By tracking the morphology of modern Alexandria through this historical survey of socio-political, economic and cultural aspects that took the major part in shaping the built environment, also exploring textual and visual materials as expressions reflecting the very sentimental representations of the city in minds and souls of its inhabitants, all this shall lead to a better understanding for the causes and results to what we see in Alexandria on daily basis which, in turn, increases the ability to develop a vision for the future based on the reality of our city. It is determined to divide the 200 year period into five main sectors in scope of study according to political/economical pivotal events that took place which had a very significant impact on the Egyptian lands and peoples, as these issues – politics and economy – always result in direct social changes whether positively or negatively

Keywords: Mohamed Ali, Napoleon in Egypt, Nasser, Nationalism, modern Alexandria, post-colonial/cosmopolitan cities, public spaces and protest in Egypt.

The Palestinian Dilemma “Part two”: Historical Tutelage……or……..Political Guardianship! The Palestinian attitude toward national sovereignty till 1967! Khaled Abdelhay Elsayed (Review Completed - Accepted)

This paper examines an alternate version of the Palestinian dilemma historically rooted in their selves, and over the ages and times got to be as a main component and the hallmark of their culture and a chronic flaw alike; existence under historical tutelage and political guardianship. Shockingly, the Palestinians prepared – according to their history – to live under the control and governance of their conquerors or victors, in addition to experience the sense of oppressed colonized people under the weight of colonizers. The present examination attempts to investigate the Palestinian dilemma; people under historical tutelage and political guardianship until 1967, and to focus on the notions of the nation, nationalism and national sovereignty. Another aim is exploring Palestine, a land without any national sovereignty and the Palestinian attitude toward it until 1967, alongside nationalism and the Palestinian national movement. This led to emergence, reformation, and said implications until 1967. The analyst infers that the most exceedingly awful chronicled problem, for any individuals, that they habituated to live under tutelage and political guardianship, as this paper demonstrated concerning the Palestinians. Both Palestinian and Arab neighboring pioneers never had any accurate patterns or disposition to secure an independent state in Palestine from the fall of Ottoman Empire until UN allotment was arranged in 1947, or even during and after the 1948 war. Additionally, the Palestinian national movement was unable to lead its people to national sovereignty in their territory in 1967!

Keywords: Guardianship, Nationalism, Palestinian Dilemma, Sovereignty., Tutelage