Narrative in Sound: “On the Sea” by John Keats (Published)
With the springing of the postclassical narratology, lyric poetry, which has been long excluded from traditional narratological studies, has aroused increasing attention in recent years. As sound effect is one of the unique stylistic features of lyric poetry, it can be regarded as unique narrative “discourse” of it to tell the “story”. By probing into the acoustic effect of John Keats’ “On the Sea”, this article aims to uncover the narrative represented from the dimension of sound.
The literary autobiography in the Song Dynasty(960-1279) China is the highlight of Chinese Ancient literature.As the “literary master” of the Song Dynasty (960AD-1279AD) China, Ouyang Xiu (1007－1072)’s autobiography, Liu Yi Jushi Zhuan(The Biography of Hermit Six Ones), is an outstanding representative of Chinese autobiographical literature with profound connotations and significance. When viewed under the perspective of the historical culture of the Song Dynasty, it could deeply reveal the entertainment pleasure and personality ideal of the literati of Song in their leisurely, elegant daily life. It disclosed the historical value of the literati taste realm exceeding the high standard of the previous generations under the rich aesthetic cultural atmosphere of Song. With its creative contribution to the Chinese autobiographical literature, Liu Yi Jushi Zhuan deepened and expanded the aesthetic dimensions of autobiographies written thereafter that featured elegant taste and manifested self-image, provided superb narrative experience in the conveyance of ideological and moral characters with autobiographical narrative.
From Silence to Story: How Discursive Functions of Silence Affect Our Reading of a Story (In Persian Literature) (Review Completed - Accepted)
This paper examines different types of ‘silence’ as meaningful absence that leaves a trace behind. This trace is meaningful due to the absence of some lines within a text. As a marker of silence, the trace is introduced in various forms. The study of meaningful silence in literature as discourse shows that this marked silence is present in any text with the aid of discursive indicators. Any text communicates meaning through combinations of words and lack thereof, i.e., silence. Silence, in fact, has an interactive role and it is also employed as a discursive technique in literature to produce a narrative and plot.
This study explores the functions of written silence in fictional world. The main questions are: what are the different types of written silence, and what discursive functions do they serve in literary narratives? We regard written silence as a marker of the intentionally disregarded signifiers. The systematic use of silence is always directed towards leaving specific effects, while also impacting the author’s style of writing. The paper delineates and analyzes this kind of silence in five Iranian short stories in terms of three types. Consequently, these types will be discussed on three axes to study the structure of narrative and the creation of the elements of a story such as complication, denouement, suspense, atmosphere and setting by means of silence. Each types of silence have its specific function in fiction.