Tag Archives: Myth

Lived Experiences of Women Who Have Undergone Cesarean Section in the Teaching Hospitals in Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria (Published)

There is often great joy at the birth of a healthy baby and a great tragedy at the demise of the mother and her baby, especially when the death was due to difficult labor at the refusal of cesarean section (CS) when the need is paramount. When healthcare workers give necessary support and care, it will influence birth experiences, but when the expectations are challenged, such as in the case of CS, there is great potential to experience birth in a negative and traumatic way. This study explored the lived experiences of women who have undergone CS in the teaching hospitals in Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria, with special reference to their experiences when labor started, immediately after surgery, and during puerperium. The study adopted a qualitative design. Nine (9) Focus Group Discussion (FGD) were conducted at the two (2) health facilities to collect data. FGD question guides were structured to elicit information by describing the events to identify variation in the responses given by the women. The data collected were transcribed using Nvivo analysis. During the discussions, five (5) themes were identified from their responses when labor started, four (4) themes were identified on their experiences on CS and four (4) themes were also identified on their lived experiences during puerperium. The participants mentioned anxiety and fear of losing their lives and that of their babies when they were informed of CS as the only option. It was concluded that detailed information and counselling of the pregnant woman, husband, or significant others on CS as a type of delivery will reduce the anxiety related to the procedure. Therefore, more enlightenment of the society is advocated to remove the myth and cultural/religious beliefs that surrounds CS which is a normal mode of delivery and reduce the negative criticisms often faced by women after the procedure.

Citation: Ojo, Taiwo Temilola  and Sowunmi, Christiana Olanrewaju  (2022) Lived Experiences of Women Who Have Undergone Cesarean Section in the Teaching Hospitals in Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria, International Journal of Nursing, Midwife and Health Related Cases, Vol.8, No.2, pp.11-34


Keywords: Cesarean Section, Myth, lived experiences, postnatal functioning, undergone

Apocalypse Fantasy and Myth in the Road Novel (Published)

The Road is McCarthy’s latest work which was published in 2006 and awarded the Pulitzer in 2009. This novel belongs to a style called sub- politely and post-apocalyptic science fiction which describes the situations following the exposure of planet earth to a super disaster. The worst can be expected if the catastrophe happens in the planet where destruction and havoc spread widely. No death of other living organisms including humans! That eliminates nearly all life on the planet blue! All on the severity of the bad will never be worse than losing what was left of human beings on earth their humanity! Crashing the humanity! To overwhelm animal instinct! Eat each other! Fear of each other’s. This paper will attempt to shed light on what has happened to the world of a fictional catastrophe with a legendary artistic framework in the McCarthy Road novel.

Keywords: Apocalypse, Cormac McCarthy, Myth, The Road

Knowledge, Practice and Perception of Contraception by Literate Adolescents in Calabar, Nigeria (Published)

The current prevalence rate for contraceptive use in Nigeria is approximately 11%–13%. This rate is very low in view of the fact that sexual activity is high and there is also widespread awareness of the various contraceptive methods among Nigerian adolescents and youths. There is sufficient research evidence identifying the various factors that contribute to the low prevalence of modern contraceptive use in Nigeria, with the most common factors being religious adherence and myths about the side effects of modern contraceptives. This survey aims to ascertain the knowledge, practice and perception of contraception among literate adolescents in Calabar. This was a self-administered questionnaire -based study carried out in Calabar metropolis. The information was obtained at three different higher institutions in Calabar. Information collected include age, knowledge and use of contraceptives, source of information, and awareness of other methods of contraception and myths about contraception. A total of 1,596 female adolescents were recruited into this study. Their age range was 16 to 19years, with a mean age of 17.6years. The respondents have all attained basic secondary education and were all currently pursuing tertiary education and have all had sexual intercourse and have heard about contraception or family planning.  Of this number, 968(60.7%) have used Emergency contraceptive pills, 26.6% used male condom, 6.1% use CopperT (CuT), 1.9% use injectables, 1.1% use implants  while 3.6% have not used any method. They all however had one form of concern or the other about modern contraceptive methods. Adolescents and youths are undoubtedly the bedrock to propagate any programme irrespective of the field. Adolescents are therefore in dire need of information on reproductive health issues not only on contraception but also on other issues concerning their reproductive health. They should be assisted and given unhindered access to various methods of contraception to prevent unwanted pregnancies and unsafe abortion.

Keywords: Adolescents, Contraception, Education, Literature, Myth, Nigeria


The purpose of this study is to shed light on esthetic uses of Greek myth, its artistic and realistic uses, and the reasons for the allusions to it in contemporary poetry. Selected poetic texts will be analyzed for the use which some modern poets make of the legend of Sisyphus for expressing their views and for showing how they perceived its artistic value. Among these poets are Al-Sayyāb, Al-Bayātī , Adonis, ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz al-Muqāliḥ, as well as the Palestinians Aḥmad Daḥbūr, Murīd al-Barghūthī and Fārūq Muwāsī, all of whom made use of the legend in order to express both suffering and hope in the crisis of Arabs in current times, in an attempt to bring these across to the reader.

Keywords: Ancient, Myth, Sisyphus, Suffering, exile., nation, struggle, symbol