Tag Archives: Motivation

Self-learning and Motivation Effectiveness for L2 Learners through Using (CALL) (Published)

This study aims to explore the effectiveness of computer-assisted language learning (CALL) in promoting L2 learners’ self-learning and motivation. The participants of this study are a randomly selected group of L2 learners attending English Language Training Program (EL). Their levels of proficiency range from beginner to advanced in order to ensure that they have had adequate exposure to English. Data were collected by circulating a 22-item survey consisting of two sections. The first section consists of eleven items that aim to identify the role of CALL in promoting participants’ self-learning strategies, whereas the second section consists of eleven items that investigate the extent to which the participants’ motivation has increased/decreased with the impact of CALL. Data were analyzed descriptively by looking at the participants’ responses to the questionnaire in order to pinpoint any potential themes or patterns concerning the impact of CALL on promoting the two independent variables under study. The findings indicated that CALL contributes to increasing L2 learners’ motivation fairly whereas promote their self-learning significantly.

Keywords: Learner Autonomy, Motivation, Self-learning, computer-assisted language learning (CALL)

Language Learning Barriers in the English Department at Ahad Rufiadah Female College in KKU (Published)

This paper is based on action research carried out in the English Department at Ahad Rufiadah Female College, in King Khalid University, Saudi Arabia. The purpose of this study is to investigate the central problems related to the learning teaching of English in Saudi Arabia. Some major barriers include: motivation, less exposure to English in day to day life, lack of teacher professional development programs. The research is conducted among the students of English of King Khalid University from different levels in addition to the teachers.

Keywords: Barriers, English in Saudi Arabia, English teaching, Motivation, and administrative barriers, components of curriculum, pedagogical barriers

A Psycholinguistic Study of the Motivational Role of the Language of Affection in the Qur’an in the Development of a Healthy Personality (Published)

The study tackles some affectional forms in the Qur’an and their motivational role in making a healthy personality. To achieve this, the divine language of affection motivates believers to develop positive mental attitudes towards humanity. The motivational power works at the psychological, social, cognitive, and emotional levels. This power creates many positive values of which are charitable giving, commitment, empathy, stable mood, and regulation of emotions. Putting these values together helps in the creation of a social solidarity and a safe community. Therefore, there is a causal correlation between the motivational power and these values. Accordingly, the motivational power of the divine love creates an innate inclination for charitable giving which results in the regulation of emotions and forgiveness. Moreover, forgiveness plays a motivational role per se. Thusly, it helps in the promotion of the values above of giving in charity, stable mood, and regulation of emotions. It is found that affective empathy and commitment are elicited by forgiveness. Above all else, there are some social and psychological outcomes of forgiveness such as the demonstration of love, harmony, and co-existence. In conclusion, the motivational power of the divine affection plays a major role in providing a permanent process of the psychological healing at the subjective, interpersonal, and inter-group relations.

Keywords: Motivation, affectional forms, forgiveness, positive energies, psycholinguistics, psychological clearance

Determinants of Teacher Motivation and Job Performance at Senior High Schools in Greater Accra Region, Ghana (Published)

This study aimed to investigate the factors affecting teacher motivation and job performance/productivity at senior high schools in the Greater Accra region, Ghana. The study is quantitative in nature and survey approach was employed to gather data from 676 respondents out of sample size of 700. Descriptive statistical test as well as Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) and Confirmation Factor Analysis were used to analyze the data obtained from the respondents. In addition, tools such as mean, standard deviation, frequency and Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) were employed. The study found that motivations of teachers are low due to the lack of such variables as medical allowance, accommodation allowance, pension scheme, career advancement, recognition and low level of salary compare to their colleagues with the same qualifications in other government’s institutions and this is impacting negatively on their job performance. It was suggested by the teachers that major paradigm shift in Ghana education policies in connection to factors such as school governance, remuneration, safety and security, as well as assessments and evaluations needed to be revised for an improved performance.

Keywords: Determinants, Ghana, Job Performance, Motivation, Senior High Schools, Teacher

Level of job satisfaction in Agribusiness sector in Bangladesh: An application of Herz-berg two factors motivation theory (Published)

The purpose of this study is to investigate the factors affecting job satisfaction of the employees of   agribusiness sector in Bangladesh. In this study the populations are targeted employees of the agribusiness companies. The companies include National Agri Care Ltd, Lal Teer Seed Ltd,  ACI Agribusiness Ltd, Krisibid Group Ltd, Kazi farms Ltd, etc. The data was collected and administered by means of a structured questionnaire   based on the two factors Herzberg Motivation theory.  The sample size is 100 for the purpose of determining the adequacy of Herzberg two factor theories, a stratified random sampling method used to ascertain the satisfaction in agribusiness sectors (entry level, mid-level, top level management) in Bangladesh. The demographic factors including age, sex, education, designation, family size also influence job satisfaction in agribusiness sectors. The research provided a better understanding regarding the factors affecting level of job satisfaction in agribusiness sectors. Thus, emphasizes that there is still a need to conduct additional research to fill the gaps that have not been solved in the current study.  In the final chapter,   some recommendations were provided for future use to any researcher in this academic field.

Keywords: Autonomy, Hygiene factor, Job Satisfaction, Motivation, company policy., participation in management

The Effectiveness of Technology Integration on the Students’ Motivation and Engagement from Teachers’ Perspective: A Case Study at Sarta Secondary Girls’ School (Published)

Recent theoretical developments have revealed that technology can promote education in an effective way. This study aims to investigate the effectiveness of integration technology on the students’ motivation from teachers’ perspectives. For data collection, the researchers conducted face-to-face interviews with (13) teachers from different specializations at Sarta Secondary Girls’ School. The researchers use interviews to collect qualitative data that was first transcribed and then analyzed. The questions of the interviews were designed as the consistency of its previous literature. The results of the analysis showed an efficient impact of the technology on students’ motivation and engagement when there is a good infrastructure of technology such as devices, tools, and training teacher. The study recommends improving the technological environment of the school by supporting the private sectors financially and working with them. It also suggests the Palestinian Ministry of Education conduct special training courses for teachers to wax and wane their skills to effectively integrate technology in their teaching.

Keywords: Motivation, engagement, integration technology, teachers’ perspectives.

Technology students’ perceptions of learning in higher education (Published)

This study set out to probe students’ thoughts regarding what engaged them to learn, what did not, and what they envisage an engaging future higher education to be in relation to the status quo. A journal writing activity based on two open questions was designed. Written responses were obtained from 17 bachelor students enrolled onto several technology study programmes. The qualitative data were catalogued and analysed from perspectives of technology, organisation, and pedagogy. The results showed that students’ thoughts focus on the importance of active learning, with insights drawn from technology-related learning tools, organisational concerns such as physical environments and counselling support, pedagogical issues including motivation, lecture, and feedback. Possible interventional measures for effective engagement were discussed.

Keywords: Engineering students, Learning, Motivation, Student Experience, engagement, journal writing, learner efficacy, qualitative method, student perception

The Impact of Training on Employees’ Work Performance, Motivation and Job Satisfaction: The Case of Integrated Data Services Limited (Idsl), Benin City (Published)

This study examines the impact of training on employees’ work performance. It sought answers to the following research questions; is there any relationship between training and development of employees and their job satisfaction? Is there any relationship between training and development of employees and their job performance? Is there any relationship between training and development of employees and their motivation? The scope of the study consists of 208 employees of Integrated Data Services Limited (IDSL), Benin City. Stratified random sampling was used in selecting the respondents for the study while questionnaire served as the data collection instrument. Research data was analyzed using descriptive statistics such as frequency tables, percentages, mean, standard deviation and standard error mean as well as the t-test for Equality of Means, which served as the inferential statistic. The research findings show that; i) There is a significant relationship between training and development of employees and their job satisfaction; (training enhances job satisfaction) ii) There is a significant relationship between training and development and their job performance and iii) There is a significant relationship between employee training and development and their motivation.

Keywords: Benin City, Motivation, Training, employees’ work performance, job satisfaction: integrated data services limited (idsl)

The Effect of Leadership and Motivation on Employees Satisfaction: Evidence from Mirpur Division AJ&K in Restaurant Sector (Published)

Governance mechanism has received high attention in previous year and has been a developing for research. This is mainly because of failure of number of firms in different regions. Good governance mechanisms are considered important in aspect of motivation, leadership and independent audit committee to increase the performance with the satisfaction of customers. These factors effect differently in developing and developed countries due to cultural, economic, social issues. The main objective of our research is to understand and determine the effect of governance mechanism on customer satisfaction in Mirpur division AJ&K. Despite the significance of our subject matter no prior research has focus on governance mechanisms in Mirpur division AJ&K. To accomplish the research objectives a quantities method (question was adopted). The questionnaire survey was used to seek the response of governance mechanism in aspect of motivation, leadership and independent audit committee from top level management and response of satisfaction received from customers. The data were analyzed using the statistical package for the social sciences (SPSS) to obtain quantities measure we use Pearson correlation, Mean, Standard deviation and regression. The finding of results shows that the customer satisfaction has positive relationship with motivation, leadership and independent audit committee. This study’s findings will also be beneficial to firms; government and policy maker as their political, social and economic environment are same.

Keywords: Leadership Style, Motivation, employees’ satisfaction

The role of Stimulation in achieving creative excellence in institutional work from the point of view of departmental managers (Published)

The current study aimed to identify the role of Stimulation in achieving creative excellence in institutional work from the point of view of departmental managers in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, and to achieve the objectives of the study, the descriptive and analytical method was used, as the study tool was applied, which was a questionnaire divided into seven axes, according to ( 4) Paragraphs for each subject on the study sample, which consisted of all directors of departments in the educational area of ​​Tabuk, whose number is (70) for the academic year (1440-1441 H) n. The study reached a number of results, the most important of which was that the Stimulation leadership roles played by educational leaders and organization Administrative institutions within educational institutions in achieving creative excellence in institutional work from the point of view of departmental managers are high, while the role of planning, continuous development, creativity, innovation, resources and beneficiaries as well as learning and education processes within educational institutions in achieving creative excellence in institutional work from the point of view of department managers came in the form of Average, the study also recommended the necessity of working to motivate workers through studied programs that correspond to the educational leadership plan for about ten programs, and to provide The ability to see the strategic plan through available advertising channels.

Keywords: Creativity, Excellence, Motivation, departments, institutional work

Motivation of Students for Independent Work during Training Activities (Published)

The current article discusses the question of motivation of university students for independent work, which is done during training activities. Different theories and viewpoints of specialists to the investigated matter have been included in the discussions. “Maslows’ Hierarchy of Needs Theory (1954), McClelland’s Needs Theory (1961), and “Herzberg’s Two-Factor Theory” are analyzed here.Some groups of motives are determined in the organization of effective independent work, such as social motives, cognitive motives and reaction to a number of external factors organizing educational activities. A number of suggestions are given to develop motivation of students in foreign language lessons.

Keywords: Extrinsic Motivation, Intrinsic Motivation, Motivation, independent work

Farmers’ Opinions about Lifelong Learning in Animal Production (Published)

Learning is like rowing upstream, not advancing is dropping back. Lifelong learning activities for livestock and poultry farmers play an important role in the industry. This study analyzed animal farmers’ attitudes towards lifelong learning in Taiwan. Data were collected with structured and validated questionnaires from 798 farmers. Data obtained from the questionnaires were analyzed using SAS. Results indicated that respondents were mainly employees on animal farms (38.7%); 29.1% were farm owners and owners’ wives. More than half of the respondents’ work experience was above 6 years (57.4%); the majority were male (85%); nearly one third (32%) were 25-34 years old; two thirds (66.7%) had university or graduate degrees. Respondents (92.4%) thought farmers should also have lifelong learning plan. Most respondents (87.2%) thought the future of animal production was positive. This research revealed that farmers had very high motivation about lifelong learning activities. Unexpectedly, employees expressed a higher understanding about lifelong learning than owners and owners’ wives. The higher the educational level respondents had, the more agreeable they were to lifelong learning. Lifelong learning believers expressed higher motivation in non-formal and informal learning activities than non-believers. Positive learners expressed enhanced competency and confidence, in turn motivating them to learn. Policymakers and practitioners should open up access to knowledge for everyone, encourage and promote relevant advanced conferences, hands-on training programs, and non-formal and informal learning activities for farmers.

Keywords: Farmer, Learning, Motivation, animal production, extension education

Readiness of Undergraduate Students for Distributed Learning in Selected Higher Educational Institutions in Southern Nigeria (Published)

The study investigated the level of readiness of undergraduate students for Distributed Learning.  Descriptive survey method of the cross-sectional research design was used for the study.  A stratified random sampling technique was used to select the sample of 600 from the population of 39,316 undergraduate students of the University of Port Harcourt and the Port Harcourt study center of the National Open University of Nigeria.  A self-assessment instrument, Distributed learning Readiness Instrument (DLRI), developed by the researcher was used to collect data from the sample.  The reliability of the instrument was determined through the test-retest method and a reliability coefficient of 0.77 was obtained.  Three experts in the field of Educational Technology and two in Measurement and Evaluation confirmed the face and content validity of the instrument.  Six research questions were answered using mean and standard deviation while six hypotheses were tested with t-test and one-way ANOVA at 0.05significance level.  The results showed that Distance and Part-time students had higher level of readiness than Full-time and Sandwich students.  Also, there were significant differences found on modes of study, gender, age and course of study. The conclusion is that there is inequity in the readiness of students for e-Learning.   The use of readiness assessment, orientation programmes, effective learner support were recommended.

Keywords: Communication Skills, Computer Skills, Internet skills, Motivation, Self-Efficacy, Self-directed Learning, Study Skills, distributed learning, readiness

Comparative analysis of the influence of teachers’ motivation on academic performance of students in selected private and public schools in Oredo Local Government Area, Edo State. (Published)

The study examined the influence of teachers’ motivation on academic performance of students in selected private and public schools in Oredo local government area, of Edo state. The design of the study was the causal comparative design. The population of the study was the twenty-six (26) public secondary schools and two hundred and forty-five (245) private secondary schools in Oredo local government area. A sample of 300 teachers was selected for the research using the stratified, simple random and cluster sampling techniques. Mean and standard deviation, Pearson’s Correlation as well as Fishers Z were used for data analysis. The findings of the study among other showed that the motivation of teachers in selected public and private schools in Oredo Local Government area of Edo state was very efficient, the level of academic performance of selected public and private secondary school students in Oredo local government area was moderate.And a significant relationship existed between academic performance of students and teachers’ level of motivation in Oredo Local Government area of Edo state. Teachers’ level of motivation accounted for about 6% of students’ academic performance in selected private and public secondary school in Oredo Local Government Area of Edo State it was therefore recommended that there is the need for all stake holders in education to always motivate teachers through regular payment of salaries, regular promotion as this have a huge influence on students’ academic performance and the urgent need for government to monitor effectively private sector participation  education  so as to impact in them proper motivation technique as against the slave labour they give to their staff.

Keywords: Impact, Motivation, Performance

Proactive Attitude towards Knowledge Sharing Behavior at Workplace in the Arab World (Published)

Knowledge is considered an important source of establishing and maintaining competitive advantages. In the knowledge-based economy, knowledge sharing is increasingly viewed as critical to organizational effectiveness. Knowledge sharing has gained importance in organizations seeking to gain a competitive edge. Specifically, knowledge sharing, and the resulting knowledge creation are crucial for organizations to gain and sustain competitiveness. However, knowledge sharing is challenging in organizations for two reasons: First, individuals’ tacit knowledge, by its very nature, is difficult to transfer. Second, knowledge sharing is typically voluntary. Indeed, effective knowledge sharing is challenging because individuals cannot be compelled to do it. Organizations can manage knowledge resources more effectively only if individuals are willing to share their knowledge with colleagues. To facilitate knowledge sharing among individuals and across organizations, it is essential to understand the factors influencing individuals’ proactive attitude to sharing knowledge. Accordingly, there is a significant amount of research on factors such as shared goals, trust, willingness, motivation and intention, that may influence knowledge sharing behavior in organizations.  The aim of this paper is to develop an understanding of the factors supporting or inhibiting individuals’ knowledge sharing behavior. As Oman, like any other countries in the Arab world, faces a somewhat high unemployment, especially among its graduates, providing a secure job may motivate them to engage in knowledge sharing behavior. More studies in knowledge sharing are expected to help decision and policy makers in organization in the Arab world with a reason to support implementing knowledge sharing strategies. Knowledge sharing research will continue to grow, reflecting the significance of knowledge as an important resource to the organization in developing its competitive advantages.

Keywords: Motivation, Trust, Willingness, intention, knowledge sharing behavior, proactive attitude, shared goals

Achievement Motivation as a Predictor of Academic Achievement of Senior Secondary School Student in Mathematics (Published)

This study examined the achievement motivation as predictor of academic achievement among Senior Secondary School II students in Edo State The study sample consisted of 698 students who were randomly sampled from the population of 27,937 students in pubic secondary school II students in Edo Sate. The sample size of this study is 2.5% of the entire population of 27,937 which is 698. The sample was drawn from the population using the multi-stage sampling technique. This involves selection of sample in stages. There are eighteen Local Government Areas in Edo State, divided into three (3) senatorial  districts – Edo North (5 local Government Areas); Edo Central (6 Local Government Areas); Edo South (7 Local Government Areas).  Both the independent and dependent variables were measured with relevant standardized instruments.  To guide the study, three (3) research questions and a null hypothesis was raised.  Data collected were analyzed using Pearson r correlation coefficient and Stepwise multiple regression statistical techniques. The results showed that achievement motivation predicted students’ academic achievement in mathematic. On the basis of the findings, it was recommended that achievement motivation should be enhanced using appropriate counseling strategies.

Keywords: Achievement, Mathematics, Motivation, Student, senior secondary

Motivation and Job Performance among Nurses’ in the University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, Calabar Cross River State (Published)

Purpose. The purpose of the study was to assess motivation and job performance among nurses’ in the University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, Calabar Cross river state. Objectives:  The following specific objectives were set; to assess the level of job performance among nurses in UCTH, to determine the level of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation among nurses’ in UCTH. Two research questions where developed in line with the research objectives. Literature review: Extensive literature review of the 2 variables was done and the theoretical framework adopted for the study was the Herzberg two factor theory of motivation. Methods: A descriptive research design was adopted for the study and the convenient sampling technique was used a sample size of 240 respondents was selected using the Taro Yamane’s formula. Data was obtained using a 23 item structured questionnaire constructed in line with the research question which was duly validated and reliability ensured. Results: Data obtained was analyzed using Statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) and result gotten was presented using tables, and percentages. Result from the analysis showed that 130 (54.2%) of the respondents strongly agreed that nurses’ achieved their goals by satisfying patents’ needs, 129(53.8%) of the respondents strongly disagreed that nurses’ do not have patients ‘best interest in mind. Findings from the study also revealed that there was a significant relationship between motivation and job performance among nurses in UCTH. Conclusion: Based on these findings, the researchers recommended that government provides adequate funding to health care facilities for procurement of equipment and materials, ensure regular employment of nurses, ensure increment in salaries and allowances of nurses, and provide adequate funding of researches to nurses to further increase motivation and job performance.

Keywords: Job Performance, Motivation, Nurses, UCTH.

Digital Citizenship and its impact on the level of achievement motivation for students from the point of view of the coordinators and supervisors of digital transformation in the future gate of the Tabuk region (Published)

The aim of the present study was to identify the concept of digital citizenship and its effect on the level of achievement motivation for students from the point of view of the coordinators and supervisors of the digital transition in the future gate of the Tabuk region. To achieve this goal, the researcher followed the descriptive approach as one of the qualitative research methods, Was conducted with the general coordinator of the gate of the future and supervisors in the area of ​​Tabuk, and after the collection of data and analysis reached a number of results, the most important was that the emphasis was on the students’ understanding of the concept of digital citizenship through the courses and meetings that were held for students in advance and You will also be able to follow the school’s digital transformation officer and the portal coordinator in the region and technical support. The Future Gateway application transforms the traditional learning environment into an effective e-learning environment, helps eliminate the burdens of the paper environment and expands learning and learning processes The scope of the classroom and the school environment, as well as the absence of negative repercussions for the misuse of the application, through the existence of a special portal (username) for students and parents, as well as follow the official of the digital transformation in school and technical support for the initiative periodically and regularly, The study revealed a number of challenges in implementing the digital portal, the most important of which was the infrastructure, the mechanism of spreading digital culture, The argument of students to more devices as well as the lack of clear regulations for the work of the portal, and the lack of clarity of the relationship and organization between educational supervisors and teachers.

Keywords: Achievement, Digital Transformation, Digital citizenship, Motivation, future gate

Factors Impacting Employees’ Job Motivation: A Case of Commercial Banks in Can Tho City (Published)

Vietnam is accelerating the process of industrialization and modernization of integration into the international market. The biggest strength of Vietnam in relation to other countries is the abundant human resources, able to quickly acquire technology. However, in the context of the Industrial Revolution 4.0, Vietnam’s labor productivity is still low. Therefore, it is important for commercial banks to ensure the competiveness. The study objective is to find out the determinants affecting the employees’ job motivation of Commercial Banks in Can Tho City. The researchers’ surveyed 400 employees working for commercial banks and answered 28 questions but 370 employees processed. The primary sources of data collected from November 2018 to May 2019 in Can Tho City. Simple random sampling technique. The Data analyzed Cronbach’s Alpha and the exploratory factor analysis (EFA), which used for multiple linear regression and using partial least squares method. Employees’ responses measured through an adapted questionnaire on a 5-point Likert scale. In addition, the findings of the study have six factors affecting the employees’ job motivation of Commercial Banks in Can Tho City with significance level 0.05.

Keywords: Employee, Job, Motivation, commercial banks and TDU

Minimum Wage Increment a Necessity: The Role of Wages and Work-Stress on Employee’s Job Satisfaction among Civil Servants in South Western Nigeria (Published)

Over the year, there is an increasing vehement vociferation on the increment of minimum wage among Civil Servants in South West Nigeria.  As a result of this uprising, the purpose of this study was to investigate the role of wages and work stress and employee’s job satisfaction among South Western Nigerians Civil Servants in the South West region of Nigeria.

Survey research design was adopted for the study using cluster sampling technique, 212 (96 females, 116 males) with mean age of 41.82 and SD of 9.57 Civil Servants from three South Western State in Nigeria was considered for the study.  The research instruments were Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire (MSQ) and National Institute of Occupational Safety (NIOS).  Three hypotheses were formulated and tested with Pearson Product Moment Correlation and Multiple regression analysis.  The result revealed that wages     r(210) = .49, P < .01   had significant positive relationship with job satisfaction.  Work stress r(210 = -.82, P < .01 had significant negative relationship with job satisfaction.  Finally, the result of multiple regression indicated that R= .83, R2 = .68 f (2,209) = 144.26, P < .01   exerted a significant interaction influence on job satisfaction.  It is therefore recommended that government should be orientated on how the increment in minimum wage and reduction in job stress can help foster employee’s job satisfaction which will in turn boost employee’s productivity.

Keywords: Job Satisfaction, Minimum Wage, Motivation, Productivity and Work Stress