Tag Archives: Morphology

Histomorphological Effects of Aqueous Leaf Extract Of Phyllanthus Amarus Shum and Thonn on the Testis of Adult Wistar Rats (Published)

The study was conducted for twelve weeks to investigate the effects of 250 mg/kg body weight of ethanolic leaf-extract of Phyllanthus amarus on the morphology and sperm parameters of the testis.  Twenty (20) adult male Wistar rats were categorized into two groups of ten rats each (n=10) with A (control), B (to assess the effects of the extract on testicular morphology and sperm parameters). The body and organ weight of the experimental animals were noted before and at the end of the experiment and the significance of data was analyzed using student t- test (p<0.05). The results revealed no significant difference (p>0.05) in the body and organ weight between the experimental groups and the control. There were significant difference (p<0.05) in the total sperm count, sperm motility and viability in the treatment group compared to control with obvious decrease in all the parameters. The rats treated with ethanolic extract of P.amarus showed various degrees of testicular degeneration compared to the control demonstrating seminiferous tubular lumen with scanty spermatozoa, distorted seminiferous epithelium and arrested differentiation and progression of germ cells into the lumen. The epididymis also showed scanty and moderate clusters of spermatozoa in the lumen with thickened epithelial lining. The findings are consistent with anti-fertility remarks on the effects of P. amarus on testicular morphology and functions.

Keywords: Morphology, P.amarus, Sperm Parameters, Wistar rats, testis

The Locative Prefix in Kisa (Published)

The hallmark of nominal morphology in Bantu languages is based on the rich noun class system in which nouns in these languages are classified. Noun roots, in Bantu languages, are placed into noun classes according to the prefixes they take and their meanings. In Proto‑Bantu and most present day Bantu languages prefixes with a locative meaning have been analysed as noun class prefixes, and noun roots occurring with them placed into locative noun classes. Prefixes with a locative meaning in Kisa, a Bantu language spoken in Western Kenya, have also been previously analysed as noun class prefixes leading to locative noun classes in this language. Synchronically, however, prefixes with a locative meaning in Kisa should be analysed in a different way. Using a descriptive design and basing on data generated by the author as a native speaker of Kisa, this paper provides evidence from head class marking and agreement marking and shows that prefixes with a locative meaning in Kisa attach to noun stems belonging to a specific noun class. This gives rise to locative constructions that function as locative heads. In this way, prefixes with a locative meaning in Kisa are better analysed as locative prefixes and not as noun class prefixes. This implies that, synchronically, Kisa does not have locative noun classes.

Keywords: Bantu, Kisa, Morphology, locative., noun class, prefix

Foregrounding the Theme of Shallowness in the Hollow Men: A Stylistic Analysis (Published)

This paper aims to analyze The Hollow Men through Stylistic Analysis at the levels of graphology, phonology, morphology and the lexico-syntactic to foreground the hollowness and emptiness of the universe after the traumatic situation of world wars. All language choices used by the poet lead towards the shallowness, despair, vagueness, nothingness and inability of love for the universe/ people. The people are detached from nature, one another, and live in a place which is dead, cactus, and barren of any spiritual presence just like the people of that land as what Singh (2013) and Urquhart (2010) pointed out in their studies.

Keywords: Graphology, Lexico-Syntactic, Morphology, Phonology, Shallow., Stylistic Analysis

The Morphological Interference of Bahasa Mandailing to Bahasa Indoensia and Its Implication to the Teaching Speaking Materials Improvement of Vii Grade Students of Madrasah Mardiyah Islamiyah (Mts Mmi) Penyabungan Ii Mandailing Natal in Narrative Text (Published)

This study aims to find out about the morphological interference of Bahasa Mandailing to Bahasa Indoensia and its implication to the teaching speaking materials improvement of vii grade students of Madrasah Mardiyah Islamiyah (MTS MMI) Penyabungan II Mandailing Natal in narrative text. The research results can be known that in Bahasa Indonesia there is a morphological interference of the students’ Bahasa Mandailing to Bahasa Indonesian like the base word, affixation and reduplication. The research found the realization factor of morphological interference that is internal and external factors. The results of this study have implications for the development of teaching speaking materials in narrative text in the form of materials about narrative essay in which there is a morphology interference of Bahasa Mandailing in Bahasa Indonesia. The results of interview, morphological interference materials of Bahasa Mandailing into Bahasa Indonesia have relevant for the development of teaching speaking materials in narrative text to increase the knowledge about Bahasa Indonesia. The type of research is qualitative research. The method used is descriptive method that tries to describe a phenomenon or symptoms happen in real circumstances. The research data are words in sentences containing morphological interference of Bahasa Mandailing.

Keywords: Interference, Morphology, Speaking, Teaching Materials

A Phono-Morphological Study on Jin Hua Dialect (Published)

This paper discusses the phono-morphological feature of Jin Hua dialect, a city that is located in the central region of Zhejiang Province, China. Phonologically, the dialect contains 27 consonants and 51 vowels. The consonants ‘R’ and ‘L’ are not distinguished, i.e. all words with the starting consonant ‘R’ are pronounced ‘L’. Phonetic change occurs to nouns whose pronunciations end with /an/; /ia/; /a/; /e/. Precisely, four transition patterns have been confirmed: (I) /an/ → /a/; (II) /ia/ → /uá/, /a/; (III) /a/, /an/, /e/ → //; (IV) /e/ → /á/. Furthermore, vowel nasalisation results from the weakening of nasal-coloring in Wú dialect and appears to be limited to pronouns. Syntactically, the word order of an adverbial phrase is [Adj + Adv], which in standard Chinese would be: [Adv + Adj]. This accidently resembles the Thai language, Vietnamese and French. Deictic, i.e. 来 lái ‘come’ and 去 ‘go’, are extensively employed as modal particles in motion as well as change-of-state constructions. Another dialectal habit comes from the focus particle 添 tiān ‘one more time’. It is often added to the end of the sentence in order to emphasise the utterer’s opinion.

Keywords: Dialect, Morphology, Phonology

A COMPUTERIZED IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM FOR VERB SORTING AND ARRANGEMENT IN A NATURAL LANGUAGE: CASE STUDY OF THE NIGERIAN YORUBA LANGUAGE (Published)

The context of Understanding has continued to be a major attraction to researchers in Natural Language Processing. This is built on the theory that language can be used effectively if it is understood and can be analyzed and as such, most Natural Language Processing research tend towards the belief that the human brain has a section dedicated for language analysis and understanding therefore, human ambiguity which, remains the major difference between natural and computer languages, can be modeled using appropriate man machine modeling tools since programming languages are designed to be unambiguous, that is, they can be defined by a grammar that produces a unique parse for each sentence in the language. The paper evaluates the classification process for a Natural language ‘the Yoruba language’ and presents a new method by which the language can be transformed into a computer understandable language using its morphological identification framework. Result shows that the approach is admissibly in line with known benchmarks. The paper recommends that non tonal language can also be experimented using the defined approach.

Keywords: Model, Morphology, Natural language, Tonal Language, Yoruba

A COMPUTERIZED IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM FOR VERB SORTING AND ARRANGEMENT IN A NATURAL LANGUAGE: CASE STUDY OF THE NIGERIAN YORUBA LANGUAGE (Review Completed - Accepted)

The context of Understanding has continued to be a major attraction to researchers in Natural Language Processing. This is built on the theory that language can be used effectively if it is understood and can be analyzed and as such, most Natural Language Processing research tend towards the belief that the human brain has a section dedicated for language analysis and understanding therefore, human ambiguity which, remains the major difference between natural and computer languages, can be modeled using appropriate man machine modeling tools since programming languages are designed to be unambiguous, that is, they can be defined by a grammar that produces a unique parse for each sentence in the language. The paper evaluates the classification process for a Natural language ‘the Yoruba language’ and presents a new method by which the language can be transformed into a computer understandable language using its morphological identification framework. Result shows that the approach is admissibly in line with known benchmarks. The paper recommends that non tonal language can also be experimented using the defined approach

Keywords: Model, Morphology, Natural language, Tonal Language, Yoruba

A COMPUTERIZED IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM FOR VERB SORTING AND ARRANGEMENT IN A NATURAL LANGUAGE: CASE STUDY OF THE NIGERIAN YORUBA LANGUAGE ()

The context of Understanding has continued to be a major attraction to researchers in Natural Language Processing. This is built on the theory that language can be used effectively if it is understood and can be analyzed and as such, most Natural Language Processing research tend towards the belief that the human brain has a section dedicated for language analysis and understanding therefore, human ambiguity which, remains the major difference between natural and computer languages, can be modeled using appropriate man machine modeling tools since programming languages are designed to be unambiguous, that is, they can be defined by a grammar that produces a unique parse for each sentence in the language. The paper evaluates the classification process for a Natural language ‘the Yoruba language’ and presents a new method by which the language can be transformed into a computer understandable language using its morphological identification framework. Result shows that the approach is admissibly in line with known benchmarks. The paper recommends that non tonal language can also be experimented using the defined approach.

Keywords: Model, Morphology, Natural language, Tonal Language, Yoruba

Atomic Resolution of Topography Images of (Graphite, Gold, n-type Silicon Wafer and Cadmium Oxide Films) Using STM (Published)

Morphological surface images analyze the atomic resolution in 3-dimensions,the colored lateral images map, the graphic line, the forward and back shaded map with 3-Dimensions, for graphite, gold, n-type silicon wafer and cadmium oxide films by using scanning tunneling microscopy(STM) all are investigated. The images of surface graphite showed a regular geometrically distribution with 2.5nm hexagonal arrangement atoms about with 0.34nm level distance . But the gold surface showed a convergence atoms and great density of electrons. While the n-type Si (100) wafer refers to stacking rows and show a linear defect(dislocations) arising from inserting an extra impurities. The images clearly showed that phosphor atom located in substitutional site among silicon atoms with high nanoscale resolution. Also the mixing of oxygen molecular with cadmium and their locations appear like island. Itʼs applied to study cadmium oxide films deposited on holder surfaces. The simulated images show the main key features of experimental observations, with ability and direct methods for imaging identical theoretically with model of tunneling quantum.

Keywords: 3-Dimension Image, Cadmium Oxide Film, Gold, Graphite, Metal, Morphology, STM, Semiconductor, Silicon Wafer, Surface Topography