Tag Archives: Morality

Tone of School Discipline and Level of Morality among Secondary School Students in Calabar Education Zone of Cross River State, Nigeria and Need For Guidance and Counselling Interventions (Published)

The essence of this study was to investigate the influence of tone of school discipline and the level of morality among secondary school students in Calabar education zone of Cross River State, Nigeria. To guide the study, one hypothesis was formulated at 0.05 level of significance, using stratified and simple random sampling. The instrument used for data collection was questionnaire titled Tone of School Discipline and Level of Morality among Secondary School Students Questionnaire (TSDLMASSSQ). The instrument had a reliability indices ranging from 0.70 to 0.80, using Chrombach alpha reliability estimate. The study adopted ex-post facto research design and the statistical tool for data analysis were simple linear regression and t-test. The result revealed an R-squared value of .084, which means that about 8.4% of the total variation in the level of morality was explained by the variation in the tone of discipline in the school. The result revealed and F-value of 45.953 (P-value =.000). Thus, the null hypothesis was rejected in favour of the alternative. This means that there is significant influence of tone of discipline in the school on the level of morality among secondary school students. It was recommended that teachers should be counseled not to depend on the use of force, threat and punishment to foster discipline or morals as this may have adverse effect on the level of morality among student. But students should be encouraged to contact their guidance counsellor for professional counselling

Citation: Philip A. Okpechi and Ambor A.  Ogar, (2022) Tone of School Discipline and Level of Morality among Secondary School Students in Calabar Education Zone of Cross River State, Nigeria and Need For Guidance and Counselling Interventions, British Journal of Education, Vol.10, Issue 1, pp. 64-72

Keywords: Discipline, Morality, Secondary School, Students

Jurisprudence and the Implications of Morality for Democracy in Nigeria from 2015 to 2020 (Published)

In 2015, a general election was conducted that led to the change of baton from the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) that pioneered the journey of the fourth republic which started in 1999. The change of baton brought in the All Progressive Congress (APC), a coalition of four different political parties representing different geopolitical region in Nigeria. As it is, the four political parties before the coalition had their own values which is a reflection of their moral and world outlook in a heterogeneous nation like Nigeria. The campaign slogan which was the basis of the contract of the political party with the masses was the need for change. A change that will guarantee socio-economic development, security of lives and property and justice for all. The expectation of the people was high on the assumption of office of the president in 2015 but the change promise has now been confirmed as a mirage. The objective of the study is to examine the implications of the application of the norms of morality in government in a heterogeneous state with diverse moral values like Nigeria. The study is doctrinal with data obtained from both primary and secondary sources. The study found out that the people and elected leaders were not on the same page as to the concept of change employed by the political party in government. The paper concluded that an elected president in Nigeria who is bound to emerge from one ethnic and religious background must shed the toga of  personal morality and where norms of morality are to be employed in governance, the norms of public morality generally acceptable to the people should be  employed.

Keywords: Democracy, Ethics, Jurisprudence, Morality, Security, norms

A Critical Study on the Concept of Ethics and Morality in Comparative Philosophy (Published)

Ethics and Morality are a controversial study in comparative philosophy. In particular, both has recognized and conceptualized a somewhat different way. Because as a succinct analysis on Ethics, it systematically appears that deals with the epistemological background and psycho-socio influence indeed. However, Morality can identify as a simultaneous occurrence of Ethics. It often reflects the personality features of human beings as a scientific and common sense of behavioural acts. Nevertheless, however, the ethical doctrine is more epistemological and intelligible rather than morals. Morality survives through an ethical doctrine of philosophy. On the contrary, Morality often denotes that the norms and values of a social community, occupational codes of conduct, religious principles, and so general. Ethics might also conceptualize as the philosophical critique of Morality. On the contrary, this conceptualized controversy has precisely built an excellent philosophic platform as a comparative way of thinking. Consequently, in this critical study, it has endeavoured to draw-up an analytic extent for the scope of Ethics and Morality. It has mainly worked here as a crucial analysis of historiography, terminological differences, contrasted subject matters and categorical evolution. Hypothetically, it can continuously say that if even it is theoretically different, both should engage mutually and co-dependently.


Keywords: Behavioural Acts, Ethics, Morality, Personality

Exploring The Role and Challenges of Ethical Values to impart Good Governance: The Case of Dessie Town, South Wollo, Ethiopia (Published)

The objectives of the study was to assess the role and challenge of realizing ethical values in promoting good governance. For this study the data was gathered from both primary and secondary sources. The primary sources of information was gathered through questionnaire and interviews whereas secondary data gathered from different types of documentaries, published materials and internet websites resources. The gathered data were analyzed and interpreted by using tables and percentages. As the study revealed, the overall objective of good governance is to ensure good conduct with the concern for values, practices and behavior. These values are inculcated in an individual by his/her parents, teachers, religion, society and the environmental of work place. The essential duty of governance principles is to effectively and equitably implement ethical values of the society. Hence, it demands highly competent, well administration, participatory and good deal of sound policy formulation and distinct citizen orientation. The promotion of ethical values in good governance implies legality of government action; rationality in policy and decision making; evolving a sense of responsibility; creating excellence; facilitating spirit of individual and organizational goals; developing responsiveness; protecting the national interests; and bringing and elevating integrity. The study identified the role and challenge of realizing ethical values in promoting good governance in Dessie Town. It is recommended by the researcher that the officials and religious institutions must give high consideration to ethical values and principles for realization of good governance in the study area.


Keywords: Challenge, Ethics, Good Governance, Morality, Promotion

Parental Supervision: A Veritable Tool for Building Good Morals in Children (Published)

Most parents have derelicted in their duties of parenting especially in the area of supervision. They fail to realize that as parents, they have certain rights and responsibilities in the upbringing of their children. These behavioural patterns among some parents have affected most children and youths adversely as they tend to be ‘wild’ and morally bankrupt. This paper thus addresses the issue of proper parental supervision on their children and wards so as to train their children and build up good morals in them. It posited also that a morally sound person is the pride of his or her family, nation and by extension helps in the sustenance and development of the nation. Literatures reviewed amidst guided observations threw more light to the work. Suggestions were rendered on how parents, the government should help is seeing that children and youths are well supervised.


Keywords: Morality, Parents, Supervision, veritable

The Man Who Ate a Goose and 1984: A Critical Study of Two Plays on Totalitarian Practices (Published)

This paper considers the investigation of  totalitarian practices dealt with in two contemporary plays, The Man Who Ate a Goose (1985) and 1984 (2013). Written and staged in two different cultures, both plays present ongoing strategies and commands imposed on people depriving them of privacy and free will. Whatever the span of time between the two plays, characters depicted seem to share common features. This study seeks to explore  how real and good  are those characters in their strife to conform to the despotic tyranny. Bewildered by the question of the right action, both Saad and Winston learn to accommodate with the obligatory illogical commands. If not acquitted by the law, the individual is led into inconsistency of moral conduct.  Restrictions on dream and thought are rendered  through  detention and torture. Goerge Orwell’s 1984 seems to open new paths for dramatists and theatre practitioners in the world then and now. 

Keywords: Free Will, Morality, Privacy, Torture, Totalitarianism

The Relationship between Religion and Morality: On Whether the Multiplicity of Religious Denominations Have Impacted Positively On Socio-Ethical Behavior (Published)

Morality until recently has been seen as a brainchild of religion and thus an essential part of religion from which it is inseparable. This assumption has even led some scholars to hold that there can be no morality without religion since morality is intrinsically a part of religion. It is therefore assumed that a religious person is essentially a moral person and that a moral life may not be possible without religion. If this assumption is upheld it will mean that with the multiplicity of major religious denominations the world will be a better place. Whether this is so is an issue that elicits fierce divergent views among scholars and people of various orientations. This works critically examines the relationship between religion and morality to determine whether the above claims and expectations are justified. Employing the philosophical tools of critical analysis, exposition and evaluation of facts experientially acquired as well as information from the works of researchers on the issues of religion and morality, the work examines whether there is a definitional relationship or connection between religion and morality and whether they are related through their concerns, preoccupations or constituent elements. This connection was not seen. The work further examined the opinions of scholars with regard to their relationship as well as what the consequences will be if ethics depends on religion. In trying to find out the root of the assumption the work critically examined the contentious issue of the impact of the multiplicity of religious denominations on socio-ethical behavior. In conclusion the work decried the lack of synergy between morality and religion, holding that though there may be no definitional connection between them and their concerns, preoccupations and constituent elements may differ, morality and religion are complimentary in forging a better society. If they synergize their efforts the world will be a better place.

Keywords: Morality, Religion., Religious Denominations, Socio-Ethical Behavior


Controversy shrouds the role of Nigerian Legislature in national development. Though some believe that the legislature has contributed significantly to the development of the nation, many others are of the view that since from its inception as a sovereign state legislature in Nigeria has not shown a significant and genuine commitment to the social, economic and political wellbeing of the country. This work assesses the role of Nigerian legislature in national development. The work is of the view that legislature is a veritable instrument and institution for national development whose effectiveness is determined by some local variables. The descriptive-diachronic methodology was used in comprehending and interpreting the role of the legislature in national development. For Nigerian legislature to be instrument of national development, the work suggests among others the need for moral politicians.

Keywords: Corruption, Development, Legislature, Morality

Religion and Morality in Ghana: A Reflection (Published)

Several scholars have written extensively on religion and morality. These works generally try to answer the question of what determines morality. Whiles some scholars strongly maintain that religion is the determinant of morality, some are sceptical and others do not accept such stance. Such discourse has found its way into African ethics with views from the west and among some Africans who maintain that the morality of Africans is religious base. In joining this debate however, this paper sets out to revisit the views articulated by scholars on the question of the determinant of morality and to find out whether religion determines the morality of Ghanaians. The paper concludes that religion determines the morality of Ghanaians.

Keywords: Ghanaian, Morality, Religion.

The Niger Delta Crisis in Nigeria: Some Moral Lessons (Published)

The Niger Delta region of Nigeria is richly endowed with enormous and abundant oil and gas resources contributing to ninety percent of Nigeria’s annual income. The Niger Delta region however, is severely exploited after being explored of her natural resources. This has led to widespread agitation, protest and militancy by her citizens. The crisis this has engendered has very significant moral undertone that one can learn from. Thus this work, apart from its historical insight, attempts to highlights these moral lessons with the thesis that “injustice” always leads to consequences that are not desirable.

Keywords: Crisis, Injustice, Militancy, Morality, Niger-Delta, Nigeria