Tertiary Institutions Lecturers and Students Level of Moral Development: Counseling Implications for Nigeria’s National Development (Published)
This study investigated the moral development levels of tertiary institutions lecturers and their students in South-West of Nigeria. 12 Tertiary institutions, from which 10 lecturers and 30 students per school, giving a total sample of 240 subjects, were selected through stratified random sampling technique, and participated in this study. Kohlberg’s (1977) Heinz’s wife dilemma and simbo’s (1989) civil responsibility episode served as validated research instruments. T-test was used in comparing the mean score of responses by lecturers and students on a 6-point Likert scale which corresponded to the six stages in the Kholbergian model.It was hypothesized that there would be no significant differences in the moral development levels of lectures and their students and between female and male students who participated in this study. Results of the data collected and analyzed showed that there is no significant difference between lecturers and their students (t = 0.67, P>.05) in their level of moral development. Similarly, the null hypothesis that predicted similarity in the moral development level of male and female study subjects was confirmed (t=0.49; P>0.05). The main counseling implication is that the time for training of more professional counselors to carter for the ever increasing population in Nigeria is now. Related to this is that functional counseling centers be establish in all schools in Nigeria.The study also recommended, among others, that moral education curriculum be design for our schools and made a core subject, especially at primary and secondary school levels of our educational system in Nigeria.
Keywords: Moral, counseling national development, moral development
Factors Affecting the Inculcation of Moral Behaviour in Youths within Families in Ohaozara Local Government Area Ebonyi State (Published)
The study focused on the factors affecting the inculcation of moral behaviour in youths within families in Ohaozara Local Government Area of Ebonyi State. The objectives of the study focused on ascertaining how socio-economic factors, modern technology, environment and peer group influence affect the inculcation of moral behaviours in youths in Ohaozara Local Government Area. Four research questions guided the study. Two hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance using chi-square. The area of the study was Ohaozara local government area of Ebonyi state. The population of the study was made up of nine thousand, nine hundred and eight parents. The sample size of the study was two hundred and fifty parents drawn randomly from the three communities in Ohaozara Local Government Area. Questionnaire was used for data collection. The mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions. Findings of the study revealed that moral decadence affects students’ academic performance. It also revealed that good guidance and counseling are good strategies for restoring morality among youths within families. The following recommendations were made; 1. Parents should check the environment in which they raise their children as environment affects the moral behaviour of youths. 2. There should be adequate and proper home training for children in the society. 3. The youths’ access to modern technology should be monitored by parents.
Keywords: Behaviour, Families, Moral, Teaching, Youth
THE ROLE OF THE FINANCIAL AND MORAL INCENTIVES ON EMPLOYEES’ PERFORMANCE IN ACADEMIC LIBRARIES: CASE STUDY OF JORDAN (Published)
The study aimed to investigate the role of the financial and moral incentives on employees’ performance in the academic libraries in Jordan. This study aimed at identifying the role of the academic libraries in meeting the librarians’ societal needs, knowing the implemented incentives approaches and the level of performance in the academic libraries. Methodology approach used data about the role of the financial and moral incentives on employees’ performance in academic libraries were obtained through a survey questionnaire distributed to employers in the academic libraries in Jordan. The study used 5 public universities (n=5, 20.83%) and 5 private universities (n=5, 20.83%) out of 24 universities in Jordan, were selected for the purpose of this study. Social implications regarding this study, the results indicated that there was a relationship between financial, moral incentives and employees’ performance as well as between financial, moral incentives and internal library process and users’ satisfaction, caution must be exercised in generalizing the results from this study to other situations in the service academic library environment. The findings indicated that there was an adequate level of incentives provided to librarians. The financial incentives ranked in the 1st place while moral incentives ranked in the 2nd place. Regarding the value, this study has verified further research opportunities that could enrich the understanding of incentives and employees’ performance in the Jordanian academic libraries.
Keywords: Academic Libraries, Employees’ Performance, Financial, Incentives, Jordan, Moral