Rectification of Instrument under Pakistani Legal Regime (Published)
Rectification is a relief that thrives in the Specific Relief Act of 1877. This relief is obtained when any instrument is polluted with fraud or mutual mistake. This article utilises qualitative research methodology to describe the evolving trends of Pakistan courts while granting relief of rectification. With this purpose, the article describes the concept, scope, and significance of relief of rectification. This article critically inspects the effect of fraud and mistakes on the instrument and how an instrument is rectified when it is polluted with mistakes or fraud. This article also investigates the methods of pleading for relief of rectification under section 31 of the Specific Relief Act of 1877 and distinguishes typographical errors that are rectified under 152 of the Code of Civil Procedure. The article describes how the limitation period for this relief is calculated.
Keywords: Fraud, Mistake, rectification, relief
The Oral Error Correction (Published)
This study focuses on the oral error correction techniques applied by teachers when a student commits errors during oral activities whether speaking or reading. It also examined whether teachers’ ways of error correction affected students’ participation in oral activities. An observation was utilized for the data collection. Findings showed that students were affected positively or negatively by the teacher’s error corrections. They also draw the attention for importance of the scientific ways of correcting errors. This study concludes with the idea that English teacher should get involved in such self-observation studies in order to realize their current practices in the classroom. The data yielded a number of interesting findings which showed that there were differences and similarities between male and female teachers in the ways of correcting students’ oral errors. At the end of this thesis, recommendations and suggestions were given.
Keywords: Fluency, Mistake, Oral Errors, Techniques