Tag Archives: Millennium Development Goals

Attainment of the Millennium Development Goals in the Provision of Safe Drinking Water in Cross River State, Nigeria (Published)

The study investigated attainment of the millennium development goals in the provision of safe drinking water in Cross River State, Nigeria. One research question was formulated to guide the study. Descriptive survey design was adopted for the study, while stratified and simple random sampling techniques were used in selecting 945 subjects from a population of 1890 from 6 local government areas in the study area. A 7-item questionnaire titled: Attainment of the Safe Drinking Water Rating Scale Questionnaire (ASDWRSQ) which had two sections (A and B) was used for data collection. The instrument was validated by the experts in measurement and evaluation in University of Calabar. Cronbach alpha reliability method was used for ascertaining the reliability coefficient which yielded 0.96. The provision of access to safe drinking water was inadequate. Based on the findings of the study, it was recommended among others that government and other development agencies should embark on water schemes across the state to provide potable and affordable water in the state as it has done in Calabar metropolis. This will reduce the consumption of rain water which is usually polluted with dust and carbon dioxide.

Keywords: Millennium Development Goals, attainment, safe drinking water

The Teaching of ‘Modular Arithmetic’ in Senior Secondary Mathematics Curriculum for Contribution to Sustainable Millennium Development Goals (Published)

This paper observes that Modular Arithmetic is listed in the Senior Secondary Education Curriculum for Mathematics (2007) without content description that would guide teachers as it is the case with other topics in the curriculum. It could not be ascertained whether the omission of this valuable topic to daily activities of man in society was deliberate or otherwise. This paper sorts the opinion of in-service mathematics teachers as to what the content of ‘Modular Arithmetic’ should be.  Data were gathered using a researcher made instrument titled Content of Modular Arithmetic Questionnaire (COMAQ). Eight probable sub topics of modular arithmetic were listed on the instrument. The sample size was 30. The analysis of COMAQ was carried out using simple frequency count and percentage. Results showed that four out of the eight listed sub topics on the questionnaire were unanimously accepted as a good description of modular arithmetic. The paper consequently recommended that the four sub topics be included in the SSECM to complement achievement of Sustainable Millennium Development Goals (SMDGs).

Keywords: Curriculum, Millennium Development Goals, Modular Arithmetic, Senior Secondary Mathematics

An Appraisal of the Development of Special Education and the Achievement of Millennium Development Goals (MDG) In Rivers State (Published)

This study was carried out to examine the development of special education provision visa-vis the achievement of Millennium Development Goals (MDG) in Rivers State. The desire of every parent in particular and the society as a whole is to have normal and healthy children. The abnormalities that inevitably occur either by human errors or by natural imposition cannot stop the education of these ones. These abnormalities create sufficient disparities in the cognitive, psychomotor and affective development of children especially when they start schooling at various levels. It is on this premise, that this study is contemplated to assess the development of special education with the view of evaluating its parity in the realization of the Millennium Development Goals. It adopted historical survey method to assess quality education for these categories of learners. Policy provisions as well as an overview of the development of special education in Nigeria. Development of special education and the achievement of MDG in Rivers State way forward, that Government should ascertain the statistics of these persons, fund the education of these persons, enact requisite laws and there should be attitudinal change towards these people both from government and members of the public concerning persons with special needs amongst others.

Keywords: Appraisal, Education, Inclusive Education, Millennium Development Goals, Special Needs Persons, policies

Analysis of MDG Projects on Land Use Planning In Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria (Published)

Evidences  from  the  literature  reveals  that  many United Nations resolutions and development targets had  remained  elusive  while  some  important  projects and  programmes  are  either  unimplemented  or  are not yielding  the  anticipated  outcomes. The politicization of decisions on MDG projects result in neglect of vital action area.     The study analysed the various Millennium Development Goal (MDG) projects on land use planning in Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria. It adopted the method of survey, direct observation, and review of literature in gathering relevant information on MDG projects in the study area. It reviews the impacts of the MDG projects on the residents. Also, it carried out a comparative analysis of the MDG projects in line with the goals and targets of the Millennium Declaration. The empirical survey carried out helped to identify major MDG projects in the study area. It was discovered that the bulk of that MDG projects in the study area have focused majorly on Goal-#1 of the millennium declaration with little effort in other goals/targets of the millennium declaration. This showed that MDG efforts are not properly aligned with the focus of realization of the MDGs in the study area. Improved method of involvement of residents in project decision making, deliberate creation of environment-friendly projects, deliberate broadening of investment into other goals of the Millennium declaration were some of the suggested ameliorative measures.

Keywords: Development Targets, Millennium Declaration, Millennium Development Goals, Politicization, Projects


This article clearly defines the terms of the Millennium Development Goals and the roles literature should play in the realisation of the vision. In its view, literature has existing structures prior to the launch of the programme by the United Nations in 2000 and which the objectives can conveniently fit into. These structures comprise political criticism, feminist criticism, eco-criticism or environmental literature and utopian or futuristic literature. Through political criticism, the world can entrench good governance which in turn will eradicate poverty as well as guarantee Education for Sustainable Development (ESD), better health care or find remedies to diseases. The paper goes ahead to argue that feminist criticism in literature has got the capacity to sensitise the world on gender equality and other gender issues by presenting highly educated and empowered women as characters in literary works. Eco-criticism alerts us on the danger of environmental degradation while utopian literature has the sheer force of catapulting us to an ethereal world where we will forget the present anomy and give a breaststroke thrust to the future. These are the concrete facts the paper discusses. It concludes by stating that as the mandate of MDGs supposedly ends in 2015, literature could continue the good work it has been doing for mankind before the advent of the Millennium Development Goals.



Keywords: Eco-criticism, Feminist criticism, Literature, Millennium Development Goals, Political criticism