There are many challenges affecting how we can better achieve the sustainable development goals (SDGs). Since the factors that affected our poor performance during the MDGs which include unmanageable population, pervasive poverty, ignorance and superstition, religious dogmatism, corruption and economic mismanagement, lack of political will, authenticity of collected data are still largely with us in Nigeria. Apart from those issues pertaining to Nigeria, we need to be able to manage some existing global threats to sustainable development. These threats include the continuous advancement towards finding or making more potent biological, chemical, nuclear, cyber and other weapons of mass destruction. United Nations need to improve on legislation to prevent these proliferations and also improve on how to coordinate scientific efforts towards better achievement of the Sustainable Development goals. Finally the importance of education in its entire ramification was identified as key to achieving the SD goals better.
Community Participation in the Millennium Development Goals (Mdgs) Programmes in Awka North Local Government Area (LGA) of Anambra State, Nigeria (Published)
The term community participation is commonly understood as the collective involvement of Local People in assessing of their needs and organizing strategies to meet those needs. The importance of community participation in Millennium Development Goals Programme is uncontested. Communities in Awka North lack infrastructures such as good roads, healthcare, electricity, pipe born water, schools etc. the study analyzed the level of community participation in the Millenium Development Goals (MDGs) programmes in Awka North LGA of Anambra State. Awka North LGA is made up of 10 autonomous communities where data were obtained from 100 respondents with the help of multi stage sampling technique. Data obtained were analyzed using both descriptive statistics (frequency tables, simple percentage and 5-point scale analysis with standard mean of 3.0) and inferential statistics. The result revealed that MDGs have implemented and executed some reasonable developmental programmes in the area. Also, there was evidence that communities are involved to an extent. In order to strengthen and enhance community participation in developmental programmes, the following recommendations are made; the community should be allowed to identify and make choice on the type of programmes and projects they went in their community. Also, the government officials should allow the community to be involved in the design, planning and formulation of the programmes. All these will encourage full participation of the community.
Formal education is a fulcrum of sustainable development. Education allows individuals to develop within their community and country, and allows nations to compete and survive in the global economy. Education plays a critical role in fostering basic intellectual abilities, expanding further educational opportunities that are vital to success in a world where power is closely linked with knowledge. Education is the nourishment of the mind with knowledge and as such it helps in the formation of an integrated personality of an individual. Education has a special significance in the context of a quasi-traditional or transitional society like Bangladesh. In this paper I shall try to delineate the picture of women participation in higher secondary education in Bangladesh. I shall also mention the necessity and factors responsible for women participation in higher education. From the analysis it is observed that there is a skyward trend for the female passed students that lead to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).
PUBLIC POLICY MAKING AND IMPLEMENTATION IN NIGERIA: THE MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS IN PERSPECTIVES (Review Completed - Accepted)
It is unconceivable to have a developed state without public policies. Either so name or not, no state that is serious of being named among the well-to-do countries of the world cannot be without strategic plan of development. This wisdom informed the formulation of the various policies in Nigeria. Although the Millennium Development Goals did not have Nigeria-origin, the country, being a strategic member of the United Nations from where Millennium Development Goals originated, has domesticated and incorporated the policy into the various sectors of the country’s national life on which the Goals are applicable. In this paper, data was sourced from documentary materials like books, journals, internet resources, etc,and explanatory technique was used as method of analysis. However, the findings of the paper revealed that Nigeria has made giant strides in achieving some goals of the MDGs; 100% in goal 6, partially in others, but performed below expectations in others. Significantly, the paper is a useful material to the policy makers and researchers who may wish to carry out further research on the topic. Therefore the paper recommended that Nigerian Government should be more serious in eradicating poverty by committing more resources into programmes like the National Poverty Alleviation Programme (NAPEP), National Directorate on Employment (NDE), among others. With adequate funding and effective monitoring and utilization of financial resources committed into making these programmes work, poverty will be reduced to the barest minimum and standard of living of Nigerians improved.