An Empirical Analysis of Effect of Capital Structure on Firm Performance: Evidence from Microfinance Banks in Nigeria (Published)
Issues surrounding capital structure and performance which have been widely debated in the finance literature, yet there has not been consensus as to how composition of firm‘s capital impact on firm performance including Nigeria. Thus this study investigated the relationship between capital structure and firm performance in the microfinance banking subsector in Nigeria from 2009 to 2018. The study employed explained variables (debt to equity ratio, long term debt ratio and total debt ratio) representing capital structure and the explanatory variable (return on equity) representing firm performance. Descriptive statistics and regression technique were used for the analysis. The results revealed a negative and insignificant relationship between Debt to equity ratio and return on equity, a positive and insignificant relationship between Long term debt ratio and return on equity and a positive and significant relationship between Total debt ratio and return on equity. The results also indicated that F-statistic is 37.16701 with a probability of 0.026372 indicating that the combined effect of the explained variables on firm performance represented by return on equity is statistically significant. It is therefore recommended that microfinance banks in Nigeria and beyond should devise strategies that are effective to expand their debt profile in order to achieve better performance.
Keywords: Microfinance Banks, Return on Equity, Total debt ratio, debt to equity ratio, long term debt ratio
Assessing the Marketing Orientation of Microfinance Banks in Akwa Ibom State (Published)
This study was an attempt to investigate whether microfinance institutions (MFIs) operating within Akwa Ibom State have knowledge of marketing or adopt marketing strategies in their drive for savings and services delivery as well as examined the relationship between marketing orientation and the performance of marketing functions by microfinance Banks. Both primary and secondary sources of data were used. The instrument used was marketing knowledge inventory Questionnaire (MKIQ) developed by the researchers. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used in analyzing the data. A major finding of this study was that there was poor knowledge of marketing among microfinance banks in Akwa Ibom State. The result of the hypothesis revealed a significant positive relationship between marketing orientation and performance of marketing functions .Based on these findings, we recommend that microfinance institutions in Akwa Ibom State be more proactive in marketing their services by creating marketing department, to be headed by a seasoned professional marketer, among other recommendations.
Keywords: Marketing Orientation, Microfinance Banks