Assessment and Control Measures of Flood Risk in Ajibode Area of Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria (Published)
Flood is one of the major factors that prevent Africa’s population from escaping poverty level. The most hit by flood are usually urban poor who have less choice, but to end up living in flood prone areas. Ravaging flood events in Nigeria can be dated back to 1963 in Ibadan city, when Ogunpa River was over-flown causing loss of lives and properties. Many factors have been attributed as the resultant factors leading to floods in literature. This study thus assesses flood risk and its control measures in Ajibode area of Ibadan, Oyo state, while appropriate recommendations are made in order to reduce flood risk in the study area. In order to achieve this, questionnaires were administered through random systematic sampling technique to the household heads of 216 buildings from 720 buildings as the sampling frame of the study. Chi-square test reveals significant relationships between annual house rent and monthly income of the respondents with their vulnerability to flood with p-values of 0.00 and 0.04 respectively.
Measures for Planning and Organisation of Wood Processing Activities in Industries to Eliminate Hazards (Published)
Many workers in wood processing industries such as furniture industries, veneer and plywood industries could be exposed to high levels of wood dust emanating from wood processing activities which could affect them in carrying out their various operations.The purpose of the study was to investigate the measures for planning and organisation of wood processing activities in industries to eliminate hazards.This study adopted a descriptive survey research design.The population of the study comprised all the 7,110 workers in wood processing industries in South-West Nigeria..Stratified random sampling technique was used to determine the sample of the study. Mean and standard deviation were used to interpret the data and answer the research questions while ANOVA test statistics was used to analyse the hypotheses.12 items were identified as measures for planning of wood processing activities while 13 items were obtained as the measures for organization of wood processing industries in order to remove hazards.There was no significant difference in the mean ratings of engineers, foremen and designers on the measures for planning of wood processing activities in industries to eliminate hazards. Based on the results, it was recommended among others that measures such as the identification of hazards that are associated with wood dust and other substances in wood based industries should guide the workers in planning for processing activities in order to eliminate hazards.