Tag Archives: Measurement

Measurement of Internal Efficiency in The School System: Focus on some selected Colleges of Education in Nigeria. (Published)

The study examined measurement of internal efficiency in the school system: Focus on some selected Colleges of Education in Nigeria. This study adopted the ex-post facto research design. The population for this study comprised all the 70 public Colleges of Education in existence between 2012/2013 and 2015/2016 in Nigeria. There were 21 federal and 49 states owned Colleges of Education located in all the six geo-political zones of the country. The sample for this study comprises students of fiften Colleges of Education. The respondents will be all the 203 heads of departments drawn from these fifteen (15) Colleges of Education in three geo-political Zones. The three geo-political zones of Nigeria. The sample technique involved multi-stage, stratified random and purposive samplings. An inventory was used to collect data on number of students that progressed to higher level, number of stagnation, dropout and graduate outputs in each department in the Colleges of Education sampled within the selected sessions. Inventory titled “Measurement of Internal Efficiency of Colleges of Education inventory” (MIECOEI) was used to collect data from the respondents. The instrument was subjected to screening by experts in Educational Management and Test and Measurement in order to meet the face, construct and content validity. The inventory was administered through the help of the research assistants who distributed all the copies of the inventory to the heads of the departments in the Colleges of Education. In analyzing the data collected for the study, descriptive statistics such as percentages mean and cohort analysis were used to analyse the research questions. The findings of this research showed that there were increase in the rates of stagnation and dropout but increase in progression rate as students moved to higher classes and that the internal efficiency of the Colleges of Education was low. Based on the findings, it was concluded that there was low internal efficiency in the sampled Colleges of Education in Nigeria. It was therefore recommended that efforts should be made to maintain the increased in the progression rates within the first two academic sessions so that the increase in the rates of dropout and stagnation in the third year and among those that spent extra year (s) in the Colleges of Education would be reduced.

Keywords: Measurement, cohort, flow rate, internal efficiency, progressive, stagnation

Factors Associated to Flood Resilience Measurement in Narayani River Basin, Nepal (Published)

Resilience measurement is burning discourse these days for most of the international humanitarian and development works. Building resilience is important aspect for sustainability and ownership of a particular community for any development programing; and similarly measuring the resilience is crucial to showcase the evidence of change in the development works. There is growing need to invest in its measurement approach that enhance the resilience-especially related to the flood. The main objective of this research is to identify the factors, which contribute to the flood resilience measurement that explains community-level empirical evidence. Accordingly, research was done in two communities of Narayani river basins at Susta Rural Municipality, Nawalparashi-west, Nepal. The paper illustrates overall findings include factors contributing to the flood resilience measurement and how these factors are categorized and mapped out in the flood resilience measurement in general.  The factors associated with livelihood capitals, resilience properties, and the DRR cycle have a great impact than others in community resilience. The paper also highlights comparative analysis on one community to another and one factor to another and presents process-oriented community actions and empirical evidence from the research findings that contribute to flood resilience measurement.


Keywords: Flood, Measurement, Resilience, capitals, sustainable livelihoods framework

Dietary effect of substituting mixed saw dust for wheat offal on internal organ and linear body measurement of broiler finisher (Published)

Dietary effect of substituting mixed saw dust for wheat offal on internal organ and linear body measurement of broiler finisher was conducted using ninety (90) broilers. The broilers were allocated to three dietary treatments consisting of three (3) replicates of ten (10) birds in each replicate. Three dietary treatments were formulated with the mixed saw dust substituting wheat offal at 0%, 35 and 70% level of inclusion respectively. The experiment lasted for four (4) weeks. The experiment was arranged in a Completely Randomized Design (CRD). Data obtained was analyzed using ANOVA. At the end of the experiment, result showed that there were significant (p< 0.05) difference in the values recorded for the internal organ of broiler across the treatment. The highest liver weight (1.62%) was recorded for birds fed control diet, while the lowest liver weight (1.50%) was recorded for birds on T3. Birds on T1 and T2 had a liver value which is statistically similar and differs from birds on T3. The lowest value (0.40%) recorded for heart was observed in broiler fed with (35%)  T2, while the highest heart value (0.50%) was recorded for broiler fed diet 3. The highest kidney weight (0.50%) was recorded for birds on control diet, while the lowest kidney weight (0.32%) was recorded for birds diet 2. Birds on diet 2 had the highest spleen weight, while the lowest spleen weight (0.00%) was recorded for birds on control diet. For linear body weight however, It was observed that the values recorded for all linear body parameters  were significantly (P<0.05) differences across the dietary treatments, with the exception of  body length, shank length and girth length which showed no significant differences across the dietary treatments. The highest value (2591.00g) of final live weight was noticed in birds fed control diet, while the lowest value (2394.00g) of final live weight was recorded for birds on treatment 3. There were significant (P<0.05) different in the value obtain for average weight gain across the dietary treatment. The value obtained fluctuates as the substitution level of mixed sawdust for wheat offal increased. The highest value (1313.00g) of weight gain was recorded for birds on control, while the lowest value (1119.00g) was obtained in birds on diet 2.It can be concluded that mixed saw dust can be given to birds without having any negative effects on the organ weight and the linear body measurement of broiler birds

Keywords: Broiler, Measurement, internal organ, mixed saw dust, wheat offal

An Analysis of Water Treatment Process by the on-line Measurements on Water and Sludge Streams (Published)

Water environmental control and process refinement inside a wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) is fundamentally based on sampling, analysis and on-line measurements on water and sludge streams. The problems related to an accurate and reliable control and thus an efficient water protection are addressed in the following. Four different crucial points whenever a sampling and control scheme is planned: 1) where should a sampling and on-line measurement take place? 2) When should sampling take place? 3) How should the sampling and on-line measurement take place? 4) Which variables should be controlled? Examples are given from different plants demonstrating ways to address the questions. Especially the relevance of the adopted parameter BOD (Biochemical Oxygen Demand) is discussed. It is finally suggested to even abandon the use of BOD as consent variable in favour of on-line measurement of Suspended Solids, Nitrogen and Phosphorous.

Keywords: BOD, Flow Control, Measurement, Nitrogen, Sampling, nitrification, phosphorous, suspended solids

Construction of Competitive Behavior Questionnaire (Published)

Competitive behavior questionnaire is an instrument that is used to determine how strongly individu competes in achieving certain superior targets.  Competitive behavior is a behavior to achieve a superior position with respect to the personal targets to be addressed (Gracia, Tor & Schff, 2013).   Theory of competitive behavior is developed from Cognitive Social theory, as a result of individual interaction, with its environment (Bandura, 1986). One form of competitive behavior is survival in studying at the level of undergraduate education.  However, this competitive behavior has not been widely studied. Therefore, instrument that can be used as a tool is needed to find out appropriate competitive behavior of individuals.  In this study, a competitive behavior questionnaire was prepared based on aspects of the drive to compete, the desire to achieve superior positions and self-representation. In total there are 14 aitems with validity score more than 0.30.  The reliability score was 0.81.         


Keywords: Competitive behavior, Measurement, Psychology, Questionnaire

Integrating HR Measurements into Business Performance: The Role of HR in Enhancing Business Growth (Published)

Integrating HR into business performance measurement system involves identifying the areas of HR deliverables and its linkage to the organization’s strategic plan. The HR deliverables which supports the implementation of the firm’s strategy must be clearly outlined and communicated to all staff to serve as the blue print for executing the firm’s strategy. HR success drivers are the core people related competencies and capabilities or assets such as employee productivity or employee satisfaction which are considered to be so important and unique to a particular firm for the attainment of its objectives. The study examines how these HR performance drivers serve as a catalyst for achieving organizational objectives .Through interviews and the review of empirical data, the study found that human resource managers tend to focus on HR performance drivers such as employee satisfaction, employee turnover, absenteeism in attempting to demonstrate their strategic influence as well as the difficulty in measuring HR’s actual contribution to overall mission and strategy.  It recommends the need for holistic business performance measurement indicators that promote value addition and places premium on HR as a function within the organization.

Keywords: Business Performance, HR Deliverables, Measurement

An Evaluation of Confirmatory Factor Analysis of Ryff’s Psychological Well-Being Scale in a Persian Sample (Published)

This paper examines the construct validity and reliability of the Psychological Well-Being Scale (PWBS) according to the Persian culture and language. Participants (N=577) from a population study of university students were chosen. Confirmatory factor analysis using AMOS software was performed in two steps. In step one, 18 models derived from 3-, 9-, and 14-item forms that emphasized gender differences in addition to first and second order constructs were compared. In step two, the 9-and 14-item forms were compared aiming modification. In step one only the 3-item form achieved reasonable indices. Allowing for gender differences did not result in a model fit in the 9-and 14-item forms.  To achieve a model fit with additional items, in step two, models that used the 9- and 14-item forms with a second order factor structure regardless of gender differences was performed for modification. This modification allowed for greater potential for comparison with other models in order to achieve good indices. The results in step two indicated that after deleting of some items from the two models, the 14-item model showed better construct validity and reliability compared to the model based on the 9-item form in the Persian culture.

Keywords: Measurement, Persian sample, Psychological well-being, confirmatory factor analysis

Global Solar Radiation Measurement in Abakaliki Ebonyi State Nigeria Using Locally Made Pyranometer (Published)

This research work focused on the variability of global solar radiation over the area of Abakaliki, Ebonyi State (6o20’N, 8o06’E) located in South Eastern part of Nigeria for the rainy and dry seasons. The Pyranometer used for this measurement was locally developed and calibrated against a standard pyranometer, it competed favorably with the standard Einstrain Lungs Sensor. The global solar radiation was measured every five minutes from 08:00hours to 18:00hours during the dry season 2011 and rainy season in 2012. The measurements were carried out near the New Physics Laboratory Complex Ebonyi State University Abakaliki, Nigeria. Maximum Irradiances of 1095.10Wm-2 and 689.48Wm-2 recorded in Abakaliki during dry and rainy seasons respectively occurred between 12:00 – 14:00hours local time, whereas the minimum values of 9.20Wm-2 and 9.86Wm-2 respectively are recorded during the sunrise and sunset. Partly cloudy conditions in Abakaliki cause conspicuous oscillations in global solar radiation. This can be attributed to multiple reflections by nearby cloudy layers. The seasonal difference in the observed global solar radiation was 405.62Wm-2. Therefore solar energy devices can operate continuously in Abakaliki for up to 10 hours in a solar day from 8:00hours to 18:00hours which was the period covered during this investigation.

Keywords: Irradiance, Measurement, Pyranometer, Solar Energy, Solar Radiation

Develop a model for measuring customer satisfaction in chain stores”” Case study: Yas Store (Review Completed - Accepted)

Discovering customer requirements and needs then fulfilling them better and more efficiently than competitors cause customer satisfaction; therefore, it can be one of the requirements of the company’s success recently. The purpose of this paper is to propose and evaluate a model for measuring customer satisfaction in Yas store. This study is a descriptive survey that Yas store’s customers form the sample; 384 customers are selected by using non-random sampling of the kind of judgment method. Questionnaire is the main tool of this research for data collection. The research model was tested using path analysis that results indicate a significant relationship among customer expectations, employees’ behaviors and store indexes with customer satisfaction in Yas shop.

Keywords: Behavior, Customer, Expectations and Store, Measurement, Satisfaction