Tag Archives: Mathematics

Formative Assessment Practices, Attitude and Learning Outcome of Students in Mathematics in Selected Secondary Schools in South-South Nigeria (Published)

The study was conducted to examine the effect of formative assessment practices, and attitude on learning outcome of students in Mathematics in selected secondary schools in south-south Nigeria. Three research questions and hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. The quasi-experimental design was used in the study with a population of all Senor Secondary school three (SS3) students in Mathematics in selected public secondary schools in south-south (Cross River, Rivers and Akwa Ibom States) of Nigeria numbering 21,657. The sample of the study consisted of 541 (2.5%), SS3 students in Mathematics. The proportionate stratified random sampling technique was employed in the study. The instruments for data collection are; the Formative Assessment Practice Questionnaire (FAPQ), Attitude Scale (AS) and Learning Outcome Test in Mathematics (LOTM) which were validated by experts in Mathematics and Measurement and Evaluation. Internal consistency was established with split half reliability method and the index ranged from .78 to .92 respectively.  The stated hypotheses formulated for the study were tested at 0.05 level of significance using Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA).  Findings from the study revealed that there is a significant effect of formative assessment, attitude and gender on learning outcome of students in Mathematics.

Keywords: Formative assessment, Learning Outcome, Mathematics, Practices, South-south Nigeria., attitude

The Impact of Social Networking on Academic Performance in Mathematics in Selected Secondary Schools in Edo State (Published)

This study was aimed at investigating the impact of social networking on the academic performance of secondary school students in mathematics using selected secondary schools in Edo State. The study was necessitated by the relative new culture of communication and connecting with friends via the internet in this part of the world. The work also seeks to find out what motivate students to study mathematics. The study adopted descriptive research design; simple random sampling procedure was used to select ten public and private secondary schools out of the lot in the area. The research instrument used for data collection was questionnaire. The data obtained from respondents were analyzed using simple percentage and the results were briefly discussed. The findings revealed that students disposition towards their teacher (mathematics teacher in this case) and their intended career can motivate them to study mathematics; students have access to phones, computers and other communication devices and the internet. Majority of the respondents indicate that social networking do not have negative effect on their study habits. It was recommended that students should be enlightened on the academic advantage in social networks and guided to avoid been distracted from their studies.

Keywords: : Academic Performance, Mathematics, Nigeria, Social Networking

Causal Effect of Process Variables on Mathematics Continuous Assessment Practice in Ekiti – State (Published)

Educational assessment provides the necessary feedback we require in order to maximise the outcomes of educational efforts. Assessment of learner’s learning provides objectives evidences necessary in the decision- making process in education. It has the potential to enhance mathematics learning and to provide student’s interest in mathematics. However , in order to evaluate the new educational system, one policy that cuts across all educational levels throughout Nigeria is that of continuous assessment which is enquiring not only the thinking process but including behaviours personality traits and manual dexterity through various student’s profile using  variety of assessment instruments in assessing various components of learning. The study investigated the causal effect of process variables on mathematics continuous assessment practice in Ekiti State. The sample for the study consisted of 116 stratified random selected mathematics teachers from 20 randomly selected senior secondary schools in the state. Data collected was through self constructed questionnaire centred on process variables and mathematics continuous assessment (cognitive, affective and psychomotor domains. Result shows that the continuous assessment practice in the school system is not representing the learners in his/ her entirety because it is cognitive oriented while affective and psychomotor domains are represented with number rating.     

Keywords: Continuous Assessment, Ekiti State, Mathematics, Process Variables

Pre-Service Teachers’ Perception of the Use of Information Communication and Technology (ICT) in the Teaching and Learning of Mathematics in Three Colleges of Education in Ghana (Published)

The study sought to explore pre-service teachers’ perception about the use of ICT in the teaching    and learning of   Mathematics. Two hundred and forty two (242) level 200 teacher trainees offering the special Science and Mathematics programmes at Akatsi College of Education and St. Francis College of Education in the Volta region and OLA College of Education in the Central region of Ghana were conveniently sampled for the study. A questionnaire divided into three thematic areas namely perceived barriers in the use of ICT, current pedagogical practices and professional development and training needs of tutors was used to collect data. The study found that the use of ICT could help facilitate the teaching and learning of Mathematics. The study also revealed the inability of college tutors to integrate ICT into the teaching and learning of Mathematics. It was concluded that college tutors need special ICT training courses to be able to effectively use ICT to facilitate the teaching and learning of Mathematics. Consequently the study recommended among others that the National Council for Tertiary Education in close collaboration with the Ministry of Education and other stake holders of Education should organize special ICT training courses for college tutors in the field from time to time to equip them with those special skills and knowledge needed to enable them integrate ICT into the teaching and learning of Mathematics in order to facilitate the processes.

Keywords: Information and Communication Technology, Mathematics, Teaching and Learning

Gender Differences in Performance in Mathematics among Pre-Service Teachers in the Brong-Ahafo Region of Ghana (Published)

The purpose of this study was to find out gender differences in performance in mathematics among Pre-service Teachers in the Brong-Ahafo Region of Ghana. A sample of one hundred pre-service teachers drawn by convenience sampling from the public College of Education was used for the study. The one hundred pre-service teachers which consist of fifty males and fifty females were conveniently selected from the second year form. The design for the study was a descriptive survey and for their performance in mathematics, pre-service teachers’ actual examination scores were collected from the public College of Education and were analysed using the t-test in SPSS. The test was done on performance of pre-service teachers. Based on the findings of this study, there was a significant difference in their performance. Finally, it was also recommended that administrators and mathematics tutors in the public College of Education in the Brong-Ahafo Region should adopt strategies that suggest to pre-service teachers that they have what it takes to go through their studies successfully, and should focus their attention on how to reduce skills disparities among pre-service teachers.

Keywords: Brong-Ahafo, Ghana, Mathematics, Performance; College of Education

Pre-Service Teachers’ Perception of the Use of Information Communication and Technology (ICT) in the Teaching and Learning of Mathematics in Three Colleges of Education in Ghana (Review Completed - Accepted)

The study sought to explore pre-service teachers’ perception about the use of ICT in the teaching    and learning of   Mathematics. Two hundred and forty two (242) level 200 teacher trainees offering the special Science and Mathematics programmes at Akatsi College of Education and St. Francis College of Education in the Volta region and OLA College of Education in the Central region of Ghana were conveniently sampled for the study. A questionnaire divided into three thematic areas namely perceived barriers in the use of ICT, current pedagogical practices and professional development and training needs of tutors was used to collect data. The study found that the use of ICT could help facilitate the teaching and learning of Mathematics. The study also revealed the inability of college tutors to integrate ICT into the teaching and learning of Mathematics. It was concluded that college tutors need special ICT training courses to be able to effectively use ICT to facilitate the teaching and learning of Mathematics. Consequently the study recommended among others that the National Council for Tertiary Education in close collaboration with the Ministry of Education and other stake holders of Education should organize special ICT training courses for college tutors in the field from time to time to equip them with those special skills and knowledge needed to enable them integrate ICT into the teaching and learning of Mathematics in order to facilitate the processes.

Keywords: Information and Communication Technology, Mathematics, Teaching and Learning

High School Students’ Attitudes towards the Study of Mathematics and their Perceived Teachers’ Teaching Practices (Published)

The study employed a survey to explore 210 high school students’ attitudes towards the study of mathematics and their perceptions on their teachers’ teaching practices. The sample was made up of 102 males and 108 females who were randomly selected from four high schools in the Cape Coast Metropolis of the Central Region of Ghana. The data were analysed using descriptive statistics, correlation and regression analyses. The findings showed high perceived attitudes reported in the students’ interest in doing mathematics, usefulness of mathematics, and confidence in doing mathematics; it was unclear whether students perceived mathematics as a male dominated subject or not. With regards to teachers’ teaching practices, all the 3 subscales: use of student- centered approach, classroom management skills and communication skills studied, were reported to be important in influencing students learning of mathematics. However, communication skills adopted by teachers in teaching the subject was perceived as the strongest predictor of high school students’ attitudes followed by teachers’ classroom management skills. The study concludes that to ensure positive attitudes of students towards the study of mathematics, effective communication and classroom management skills should be integral in mathematics teachers’ instructional practices; they should be important goals of any mathematics teacher preparation programs

Keywords: Attitudes, High School Students, Mathematics, Teachers, Teaching practices

Causal Effect of Process Variables on Mathematics Continuous Assessment Practice in Ekiti – State (Published)

Educational assessment provides the necessary feedback we require in order to maximise the outcomes of educational efforts. Assessment of learner’s learning provides objectives evidences necessary in the decision- making process in education. It has the potential to enhance mathematics learning and to provide student’s interest in mathematics. However , in order to evaluate the new educational system, one policy that cuts across all educational levels throughout Nigeria is that of continuous assessment which is enquiring not only the thinking process but including behaviours personality traits and manual dexterity through various student’s profile using  variety of assessment instruments in assessing various components of learning. The study investigated the causal effect of process variables on mathematics continuous assessment practice in Ekiti State. The sample for the study consisted of 116 stratified random selected mathematics teachers from 20 randomly selected senior secondary schools in the state. Data collected was through self constructed questionnaire centred on process variables and mathematics continuous assessment (cognitive, affective and psychomotor domains. Result shows that the continuous assessment practice in the school system is not representing the learners in his/ her entirety because it is cognitive oriented while affective and psychomotor domains are represented with number rating.     

Keywords: Continuous Assessment, Ekiti State, Mathematics, Process Variables

The Effect of Discovery Learning Method on the Math Learning of the V Sdn 18 Students of Banda Aceh, Indonesia (Published)

Discovery method is a component of educational practice that covers teaching methods that promote the way of active learning, process oriented, self-directed. One of the methods that have been widely used in advanced schools is discovery method. The discovery technique is a translation of discovery. There is influence of discovery learning method toward the mathematics learning result of class V SDN 18 students of Banda Aceh. This is seen from the results of the students’ learning taught by discovery learning method is better than the results of students’ learning taught by expository.

Keywords: Assessment, Discovery Learning, Mathematics, Primary School

Influence of School Location on Students Attitude towards Mathematics and Basic Science (Published)

The study investigated “influence of school location on student’s attitude towards mathematics and basic science”. It adopted survey design. One research question and one hypothesis was formulated and tested at 0.05 level of significance. One hundred and sixty six (166) students formed the sample of this study, two (2) validated and reliable instruments namely Mathematics and Basic Science Achievement Test (MBSAT) and Students Location Test (SLT) were used to collect data for this study. Analysis of the data results showed that; there was no significant difference in the mean performance scores between urban and rural school students with positive attitude towards mathematics and basic science using the independent t-test analysis. Based on these findings, some suggestions and recommendations were made on the need for students to develop positive attitude towards the study of mathematics and basic science despites a student location. This is because attitude is a good predictor of academic performance particularly in mathematics and basic science.

Keywords: Basic Science, MBSAT, Mathematics, School Location, Students, attitude

Issues and Options for Using Multimedia to Improve Pre-Service Mathematics Teacher Education in Ghana (Published)

It is well documented that the overly theoretical coursework in conventional mathematics teacher education programs does not effectively challenge pre-service mathematics teachers’ preconceived ideas about the teaching of mathematics. In addition, field experiences provided for pre-service teachers have been shown to have inherent limitations. Consequently, several mathematics educators have drawn attention to the need to engage pre-service mathematics teachers in experiences that present actual teaching practices and make it possible for them to study or critique those practices reflectively. In the developed countries like the US there appears to be a growing interest in the potential of multimedia systems to bring this type of reflective and critical thinking about the teaching of mathematics. In the developing countries such as Ghana, very little of such efforts, if any, is being done to improve mathematics teacher education. This paper looks at the potential of these multimedia environments to improve education of prospective mathematics teachers in Ghana. It focuses on how multimedia programs fit into contemporary theories of teacher learning and supports this with a discussion of empirical research efforts at using multimedia programs to facilitate education of prospective mathematics teachers. Implications for pre-service mathematics teacher education in Ghana are also presented.

Keywords: Education, Ghana, Mathematics, Multimedia, Pre-Service, Teacher

Mathematical Concept of Area; a Tool for Mathematical Quantification and Estimation (Published)

The study seeks to investigate the effect of a good knowledge of mathematical concept of area on the quantification and estimation of tiles in a building construction. To achieve the purpose of this study, one null hypothesis was formulated. An experimental design was adopted for this study. A Sample of ten (10) tillers who attained primary education was collected from a building construction site. This was divided into two groups of five (5) tillers each, the experimental group tillers taught with mathematics concept of area) and the control group (tillers taught area without mathematics concept of area). The instrument for data collection was workers ability on quantification and estimation test (WAQET), with reliability index of 0.87. The hypothesis was tested using the independent t-test analysis at p>O.O5 level of sigi4flcance, the result showed a mean score of (10. 09) of the experimental group which was higher than the mean score of (8.02) for the control group. The analysis reveals that tillers who had a good knowledge of mathematical concept of area were better in quantification and estimation of tiles.

Keywords: Area, Construction, Estimation, Mathematics, Quantification

Correlates of Dyscalculia and Learning Outcome in Mathematics among SSII Students in Obudu, Cross River State-Nigeria (Published)

Dyscalculia brings about different types of learning disorder which affects individuals (students) at various levels of learning. It enables the students, educators and guidance to determine inabilities, phobia, anxiety and develop compensatory mechanism for under developed areas. This paper deals with correlates of dyscalculia and learning outcome in Mathematics among SSII students in Obudu, C.R.S- Nigeria. Types of dyscalculia like; sequential, verbal, practognostic and operational dyscalculia are discussed. Tips on how to reduce dyscalculia are listed in the work. The survey research design was adopted for the study. A sample of 200 students was randomly drawn for the study. Data generated were subjected to statistical analysis using Pearson product moment correlation analysis at 0.05 level of significant. Results obtained show among others that dyscalculia significantly correlates with students learning in mathematics. Based on this it was recommended among others that students should engage in practice, extra-time, graphicalized their work and evaluate their work.

Keywords: Dyscalculia, Education, Learning, Mathematics, Nigeria, Students

Pre-Service Teachers’ Use of Pedagogical Content Knowledge in Teaching and Learning Mathematics at Basic Seven in Akatsi District, Ghana (Published)

 

The purpose of the study is to explore how pre-service teachers’ use   their Pedagogical Content Knowledge (teachers’ knowledge of content and students’ thinking process) to identify and diagnose students’ misconceptions in comparing, adding, multiplying and dividing fractions. Pre-service teachers were expected to identify students’ misconceptions, give reasons of students’ misconceptions, and ask specific questions to diagnose students’ thinking processes that lead to the misconceptions. A total of 72 pre-service teachers teaching Mathematics were purposively selected out of 320 students from the schools of practice. Descriptive survey design was used for the study. Data   collected were analyzed using frequencies, percentages and means. The study revealed that about 60% of the pre-service teachers could identify the students’ misconceptions but only 17% of them could articulate the reasons for students’ misconceptions clearly. Also about 58% of the   pre-service teachers asked probing questions instead of   specific questions to diagnose students’ misconceptions and only about 14% of them asked specific questions. It was concluded that most of the pre-service teachers were   able to identify students’ misconception but could not give   reasons for the students’ misconceptions. In addition, majority of the pre-service teachers could not ask specific questions to diagnose students’ misconceptions. It was recommended that teacher training institutions   integrate pedagogical content knowledge in to the curriculum to equip pre-service teachers with skills that would enable them to analyze students’ thinking processes.

Keywords: Akatsi District, Ghana, Knowledge, Mathematics, Pedagogical Content, Pre-Service, Teaching and Learning

The Understanding of Senior High School Mathematics Teachers of School-Based Assessment and Its Challenges in the Cape Coast Metropolis (Published)

This study focuses on the understanding of mathematics teachers of School-Based Assessment (SBA). It explores the challenges mathematics teachers in the Senior High School face in the management of assessment and ways of improving assessment practices. A total of 110 educators comprising 100 male and 10 female mathematics teachers participated in the study. A questionnaire and an interview schedule were used to collect data for the study and frequencies and percentages were used to analyze the data. Findings revealed that mathematics teachers in Senior High Schools in the Cape Coast Metropolis do not understand SBA guidelines and do not use them so they still practise the old ‘continuous assessment’ scheme which seems to be directing classroom practices. Considering the revelations from the study that majority of the teachers still used dated continuous assessment, it is obvious that they are not abreast with new trends and development relating to assessment practices. In view of this, in-service training in the form of workshops and seminars could greatly contribute to upgrading their skills and introducing them to effective ways of implementing SBA. This is clearly acknowledged in the submissions of majority of the teachers involved in the study. Taking cognizance of the universal nature of the teaching, learning and assessment of mathematics, it is likely that the problems associated with it in the schools in Cape Coast Metropolis would be found elsewhere across the globe. This study therefore seeks to serve as basis for similar studies in different jurisdictions so as to make its finding more encompassing.

Keywords: Mathematics, School-based assessment, Senior High School

Identification of the Mathematics Concepts That Are Relevant in the Study of Chemistry at the Secondary School Level in Nigeria (Published)

This study focused on identification of mathematics concepts that are relevant in chemistry education at the secondary school level. The study is a descriptive research design and the area of the study was Abakaliki education zone of Ebonyi State, Nigeria. The sample comprised of 73 teachers (38 mathematics teachers and 35 chemistry teachers). Questionnaire was the instrument used for data collection. The questionnaire was made up of two sections for mathematics and chemistry teachers. Data collected were analyzed using mean and standard deviation. Based on the findings from the data analysis, recommendations were made and it includes; the chemistry teachers should be exposed to programmes that would enable them to acquire more knowledge on mathematical aspects of chemistry. Training programmes should be organized which will bring the chemistry and mathematics teachers together to share their views on certain concepts in mathematics among others.  

Keywords: Chemistry, Concepts, Identification, Mathematics, Relevant

Teachers’ Perceptions of the Usage of Calculators in the Teaching and Learning of Mathematics at the Junior High School Level in Ghana (Published)

Educational technology is recognized as an essential component of the instructional process and thus, uses of calculators have been recommended to be introduced in Junior High Schools in Ghana. However, teachers’ attitudes towards the use of calculators have not been established. The purpose of the study was to investigate teachers’ perceptions towards the use of calculators in mathematics instruction in JHS in Ghana. Descriptive research design was used and data were collected from mathematics teachers using questionnaires. The results indicated that teachers have positive perceptions towards the use of calculators for mathematics learning. The finding is helpful to curriculum developers and they can integrate the use of calculators in mathematics teaching and learning in JHS in Ghana.

Keywords: Calculator, Education, Learning, Mathematics, School, Teachers

Perceptions of Teachers on the Use of Computers to Teach Mathematical Hyperbolic Graphs at Grades 10 To 12 (Published)

This study explores the perceptions of teachers on the use computers in the teaching and learning of graphs in Mathematics. A comprehensive review of extant literature showed that there are multiple benefits of using computers in the study of Mathematics. This qualitative study involved the soliciting of research data from participating teachers through use of the interview schedule. 9 teachers integrating computers in teaching were purposively selected from the sampled schools owing to their possession of rich information for the treatise. Findings indicated that learners and teachers enjoy using computers in the teaching and learning of Mathematics. The study recommends that the Ministries of Higher Education and Basic Education collaborate to ensure computers are integrated in all possible subjects, to particularly benefit Mathematics as a subject and that teaching Mathematics using computers be an established culture from early grades.

Keywords: Computer, Hyperbolic Graph, Mathematics, Technology

Evaluating Teachers’ Professional Development for ICT Use: Towards Innovative Classroom Practices (Published)

This paper describes an evaluation study designed to investigate the impact of an ICT-Instructional digital innovation in teaching Mathematics, English and Integrated Science subjects from the teacher capacity building professional development programme to classroom implementation at senior high school levels in Ghana. Interviews and survey data were used for data collection following a week professional development programme on the instructional digital learning training. The study demonstrated that the teachers increased in ICT proficiencies but this was limited to their own professional development and not so much of classroom implementation of ICT which results when transfer of learning takes place from training to practice. The study reported that teachers faced a complex mix of factors that when combined, contributed to challenges in transferring the ideas gained in the training programme to the classroom situation. It was evident from the findings that more systematic efforts are needed at the school levels and at the level of stakeholders who implement in-service teachers’ professional development programmes to move the goal of transforming teaching and learning through ICT-based innovations. Based on the outcomes, the study discussed recommendations to help smoothen the transition from teacher professional development programmes to actual classroom implementations in Ghanaian senior high schools and such similar contexts.

Keywords: Classroom, Developmenr ICT, Digital Innovation, English, Ghana, Integrated Science, Mathematics, Teacher

Integration of Mathematics and Informatics as a Base for Training in Information Technology (Published)

This paper develops a proposal for a joint Mathematics-Informatics course as a means of improving information technology skills. The structure of such a course should be based on common content line, thesaurus, organizational forms and education methods, and application and programming facilities between the two disciplines

Keywords: Education, Informatics, Information Technology (IT), Mathematics, Training