Tag Archives: Marriage

Influence of Colonial Policies on Isukha Marriage, 1894-1945 (Published)

This paper examines the Isukha marital institution before the establishment of colonial rule and the transformation that occurred when it interacted with colonial economic policies.  Specifically, the paper explores and highlight how colonial rule generally conflicted with and undermined Isukha traditional practices including the institution of marriage. In particular it looks at the various explanations behind British occupation of Isukha land, forceful encouragement of male labour migration, the introduction of taxes and how these affected Isukha marriage system and family relations. It is therefore important to provide a synopsis of the early contact between the Isukha and Europeans as examined in the paper. Methodology for this study involved data collected from secondary and primary data derived from archival and field research. The conclusion drawn from the study is that before colonialism in Isukha there existed stable marriage system. This stability was guaranteed by the kinship system and community interest. All social and economic security system gradually collapsed, with introduction of colonialism exposing men and women to any eventuality. Consequently, colonial rule drove more able men out of their localities, as forced labour and taxation became the words to describe localities of Isukha during this period. With frequent absence of men, who left their villages to seek paid employment in urban areas or settlers farms and the decline of traditional institutions and uncertainty arising from changes in society, more and more women ran away from their marriage to urban centres because they could not cope with the general deprivation in the rural areas.

Keywords: Colonial Rule, Isukha, Marriage

The Marriage of Karo People, Indonesia university of North Sumatera (Published)

This research paper  entitled The Marriage of Karo People, was a research result conducted in North Sumatra, Indonesia by using Field Research Method. Sources of data amounted to thirty-six people, selected two people from each village of Karo society. The villages in the regencies of Karo were Mardinding, Cingkes, and Basam; Deli Serdang were Sibirik, Penen, and Bukum; Langkat were Bahorok, Marike, and Telagah; Pakpak were Tigalingga, Lau Meciho, and Naga; Simalungun were Rakut Besi, Seribu Dolok, and Sari Padang; Aceh Tenggara were Lau Deski, Lau Pakam, and Lau Perbunga.  Aditional data was also provided by the author for the author is also often participated  as a facilitator for marriage ceremonies. There are different types of marriage systems in Karo society, seven  are real marriages and one is pretended marriage. The real marriages are as follows: Kawin Lari, Jumpa Impal, arranged, religious marriage in both Islam and Christianity, Gancih Abu, and Lako Man; and Mukul is a Pretended Marriage, Cabur bulung is the marriage of minors which means that the groom and the bride are children.

Keywords: Karo People, Marriage, and Dowry

Women Rights: Myth or Reality, With Special Reference to George Eliot’s Adam Bede and Toni Morrison’s Beloved (Published)

This paper focuses on the rights denied to women in the works of George Eliot’s Adam Bede and Toni Morrison’s Beloved. Both the writers belong to different times and social strata. The significant portion of this paper is related with female rights, marriage and oppression of women in the society. The paper also deals with the modifications and the outlook of women characters as they stand against the rules and regulations persisting during those times. Both the writers have used their works as a device to announce their distresses in relation to the women roles and gender clashes in the social community. As educated and well read women, both George Eliot and Toni Morrison have shaped woman characters in order to confirm that women are also gifted with intelligence and wisdom and are capable of being sensible and sound. Eventually, this paper shows that both the writers courageously confront and defy the culture and civilization and stand up for women in relation to marriage, school, profession and dedicate themselves to writing profession from the viewpoint of women with an endeavour to reveal their place in the society by focusing on their shortcomings, judgment and attitude against the ruthless norms and culture of male dominated society.

Keywords: Female, Marriage, Profession, Society, Women

Sexual Violence against Children: A Qualitative Exploration (Published)

Children are doubly vulnerable due to their age along with the other factors like gender. This paper is based on eleven case studies on children who were sexually violated in rural areas of Bangladesh within the period of 2011-2015. Apart from the causes and victim-perpetrator relationship the research shed light on victims’ action against the incidents and hindrance on the way to justice. This study is expected to provide with insights in planning an effective development intervention addressing sexual violence against children. The study found that the patriarchal ideology of relating women’s chastity to the ‘ideal’ women punishes the victims and let the perpetrators go unpunished. It suggests for the extensive work on traditional gender roles and power relations responsible for such violence. In addition, it recommends to adopt a holistic approach by addressing cultural and social values and stigma, as well as legal aspects to combat the issue.

Keywords: Marriage, Non government organization, Patriarchal Ideology, Rape, Sexual violence

Love, Lust and Life: An Analysis of Paulo Coelho’s Adultery (Published)

There is absolutely no worse death curse than the humdrum daily existence of the living dead,”  says  Anthon St. Maarten, which is the predicament of the heroine of Paulo Coelho’s Adultery, Linda. The introduction itself unfolds that she is a journalist,  married with two children and has an affluent lifestyle. Despite having no reasons to worry, she is bored because she feels a kind of lack of desire to live because of her secured and predefined routine existence with no adventure. To escape from her mundane routine, Linda resolves to do away with her “missing joy with something more concrete – a man.” She gets along with a high school boyfriend turned politician who uses her simply for his sexual appetite. On the contrary, Linda pines for him and ponders that she is in love with him. She excitedly admits that, “It’s thrilling to fight for a love that’s entirely unrequited.” This new experience of having no predefined notions, unpredictable behaviour of Jacob drive her crazy to that extent where she suffers emotional imbalance and opts life-changing decisions. At the end, when she paraglides in Switzerland, she has a revelation that the “world is perfect,” and to “love abundantly is to live abundantly.

Keywords: Adultery, Linda, Love, Lust, Marriage, Paulo Coelho, sex

The Marriage of Karo People, Indonesia (Published)

This research paper  entitled The Marriage of Karo People, was a research result conducted in North Sumatra, Indonesia by using Field Research Method. Sources of data amounted to thirty-six people, selected two people from each village of Karo society. The villages in the regencies of Karo were Mardinding, Cingkes, and Basam; Deli Serdang were Sibirik, Penen, and Bukum; Langkat were Bahorok, Marike, and Telagah; Pakpak were Tigalingga, Lau Meciho, and Naga; Simalungun were Rakut Besi, Seribu Dolok, and Sari Padang; Aceh Tenggara were Lau Deski, Lau Pakam, and Lau Perbunga.  Aditional data was also provided by the author for the author is also often participated  as a facilitator for marriage ceremonies. There are different types of marriage systems in Karo society, seven  are real marriages and one is pretended marriage. The real marriages are as follows: Kawin Lari, Jumpa Impal, arranged, religious marriage in both Islam and Christianity, Gancih Abu, and Lako Man; and Mukul is a Pretended Marriage, Cabur bulung is the marriage of minors which means that the groom and the bride are children

Keywords: Karo People, Marriage, and Dowry

Sense Versus Sensibility in Jane Austen’s Sense and Sensibility (Published)

Jane Austen (1775-1817) stresses that an individual has a right to self-respect and self-expression within the conventional social norms which is effectively explored in Sense and Sensibility (1811) a story about two Dashwood sisters, Elinor and Marianne. Marianne’s way is subjective, intuitive, implying confidence in the natural goodness of human nature when untrammelled by convention. Her view is corrected by the more cautious orthodoxy of Elinor, who mistrusts her own desires, and requires even her reason to seek the support of objective evidence. At the end, we are forced to ask ourselves which mode Austen chooses. Does sense solve every problem, does sense deal adequately with life? Elinor, the apotheosis of sense, shows us that it does not: she is not saved from the miseries of despair, though outwardly she is able to bear them with greater composure than her sister; she does not make a marriage of convenience, but a marriage of love to a far from wealthy clergyman. Marianne, on the other hand, over-compensates for her early want of sense by making, perhaps a sensible marriage. So, it can be concluded that neither mode is adequate. But the mode of sense enables an individual to take a practical view of life as the critic, Ian Watt (1917-1999) has praised the apotheosis of sense, Elinor who “took a more realistic view of what the individual can concede without losing his integrity.”

Keywords: Convention, Integrity, Jane Austen, Marriage, Sense and Sensibility

Socio-cultural Attitudes of Igbomina Tribe toward Marriage and Abortion in Osun and Kwara States of Nigeria (Published)

Abortion has been a social menace and its assessment depended on one’s socio-legal views. Past scholars had concluded that abortion is either a felony or homicide; there is no known empirical study on socio-cultural implications of abortion to marriage in Igbomina tribe in Nigeria. Questionnaire was administered to 1036 respondents, 108 in-depth interviews were conducted and 156 Focus Group Discussions were held. Most (99.8%) respondents were not involved in abortion because 81.2% described induced abortion as a taboo. Majority (78.3%) respondents have seen more than forty women who died from miscarriage in traditional shrines and 59.7% passed through one-miscarriage or pregnancy complications but denied access to abortion. Any form of abortion resulted in marriage divorce, banned from eating natural foods, married outside the clan or total debarred from entry the land. The study found that only positive counseling, informational and educative services could bring about attitudinal change.

 

Keywords: Abortion, Igbomina tribe, Marriage, Socio-cultural, attitude

Issues and Challenges Confronting Married Women in Tertiary Institutions (Published)

The aim of this study was to identify the domestic and academic challenges that confront married women in tertiary institutions. A qualitative approach was adopted for this study. The purposive sampling technique was used to select 30 respondents from a group of married women in the University. It was observed that difficulty in caring for their family members at home due to school activities was their major domestic challenge and loaded academic work that had to be accomplished within a short time frame was their major academic challenge. The causes of these challenges were identified as financial constraints and the performance of their marital responsibilities at home as married women. The respondents expressed that these challenges led to low concentration during lectures and low academic performance. They suggested that minimizing the pressure from their households and reducing the number of programs that had to be covered at the University can help them cope with the situation.

Keywords: Challenges, Marriage, Tertiary Institution, Women

Self-Awareness or the Solemnity of the Vows in the Portrait of a Lady (Published)

Many critics have long questioned as to whether Henry James had adequately justified the paradoxical contradiction of freedom in his novel, The Portrait of a Lady. In their views, the last scene of the novel in which James’s heroine, Isabel, goes back to her husband emphasises the solemnity of the vows of marriage in the nineteenth century. This study’s interpretation of James’s character is that, besides the idea of solemnity of the vows or publicity, she herself fears making another wrong choice if she should choose divorce. To provide a richer cognition of the heroine’s personal fear, this paper draws the readers’ attention to Arthur Schopenhauer’s concept of punishment and possession.

Keywords: Devoice, Lady, Marriage, Self Awarness, Solemnity, Vows

THE COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE MARRIAGE IN ISLAM AND CHRISTIANITY (Published)

The best way to identify a phenomenon is a comprehensive study and reviewing it, in various perspectives. Comprehensive study and understanding the philosophy of the marriage is not possible without comparison and contrast. One of the most important aspects of this study is the comparison of the marriage in the Islam and Christian. So, the present study, reviews the philosophy of the marriage in Islam and Christian, and then compares them. The main achievement of this study is that both of these religions believe that the only legitimate way to satisfy the sexual needs, make new generation and gaining love is the marriage. But there is a fundamental differences between these two religions. Monasticism and celibacy in the Christian has a special position. Christian considers the celibacy as the mean for being near to God, but in Islam the celibacy is completely rejected. Not only the marriage does not block the way to being near to the God, but also it can be the mean to reach the God

Keywords: Celibacy, Christian, Islam, Marriage

The Comparative Study of the Marriage in Islam and Christianity (Review Completed - Accepted)

The best way to identify a phenomenon is a comprehensive study and reviewing it, in various perspectives. Comprehensive study and understanding the philosophy of the marriage is not possible without comparison and contrast. One of the most important aspects of this study is the comparison of the marriage in the Islam and Christian. So, the present study, reviews the philosophy of the marriage in Islam and Christian, and then compares them. The mainachievementof this study is that both of these religions believe that the only legitimate way to satisfy the sexual needs, make new generation and gaining love is the marriage. But there is  a fundamental differences between these two religions. Monasticism and celibacy in the Christian has a special position. Christian considers the celibacy as the mean for being near to God, but in Islam the celibacy is completely rejected. Not only themarriage does not block the way to being near to the God, but also it can be the mean to reach the God

Keywords: Celibacy, Christian, Islam, Marriage

EFFECT OF MARITAL INSTABILITY ON CHILDREN IN ABEOKUTA METROPOLIS (Published)

Marriage instability has hindered the growth and progress of many homes and children in Nigeria. Many factors could be responsible for this disappointing situation. The study therefore focused on identifying effects of marital instability on children in Abeokuta Metropolis. A descriptive research method was adopted for the study. The total numbers of two hundred and fifty one (251) respondents were selected from Abeokuta Metropolis using stratified and systematic sampling technique with the use questionnaires to collect information from respondents who participated in the study. The data collected were carefully analysed using percentages supported by chi-square to represent the raw data in a meaningful manner. it was discovered that children of divorced/separated are prone to drug addiction, armed robbery, commercial sex workers and other forms of criminal activity, not only that they also tend to go wayward, naughty, unruly and rebellious. The study also established that children who grow up in a single parent family are more likely to be used for trafficking, rituals and house helps than the children who grow up in an intact family. It is therefore recommended that family counselling be emphasized by the stakeholders (government, religious leaders, and counsellors to minimise instability in the family and effort should be intensified to discourage marital discord

Keywords: Marital Instability; Divorce, Marriage, Metropolis, Separated, children, family