Financial Accounting Information Relevance and Share Prices: A Case Study of Unilever Nigeria PLC Listed on the NSE (Published)
This study examined financial accounting information relevance and share price association using Unilever Nigeria PLC, a multinational company listed on the Nigerian Stock Exchange under the consumer goods sector as a case study. The study adopted market price per share (MPS) as proxy for share price and the dependent variable, while earnings per share and dividend per share were the financial accounting data used as the independent variables. Secondary data was collected through content analysis of the published annual financial statements of Unilever Nigeria PLC for the period 2009 to 2018 and the Nigerian Stock Exchange fact book. The study employed descriptive statistics and linear regression analysis based on the ordinary least squares method as techniques for data analysis. The results of the study revealed that earnings per share (EPS) and dividend per share are not significantly related to market price per share (MPS). Based on the findings, the study concluded that financial accounting information (EPS and DPS) are not relevant for determining the market price of shares. This implies that EPS and DPS are not relevant for determining the market price of Unilever shares. The study recommended among others, that more inclusive further studies should be conducted to be able to make general inference on the subject concerning the consumer goods sector in Nigeria.
The study investigated the effect of dividend policy on shareholders wealth in Nigeria between 1987 and 2016. The study adopted market price per share as proxy for shareholders’ wealth and the dependent variable; while dividend per share, earnings per share and net assets per share were used as proxies for dividend policy and the explanatory variables. Secondary time series data was collected from the annual reports of sampled 25 quoted companies for the period. The study employed descriptive statistics, the Augmented Dickey Fuller unit root test, the Johansen co-integration procedure and ordinary least squares technique based on the E-views software to examine the link between the variables. The results revealed that earnings per share and net assets per share had positive influence on market price per share, but dividend per share had negative effect on market price per share. The study also found that the predictor variables had combined effect on market price of shares, but none of them had direct independent influence in determining the price of the stock in the market. The study therefore concludes that dividend pay-out policy does not have effect on shareholders’ wealth and shareholders do not react to dividend information. Based on this finding, the study recommends that firms operating within this environment should place down on the distribution of earnings as dividend but rather focus more on the investment of retained earnings for the expansion of the business to boost growth in earnings and net assets.