Investigation of Psycho-Demographic Factors, Workplace Cyber-Harassment and Organizational Climate among Healthcare Workers (Published)
Most modern day organizations are characterized by cyber harassment in the workplace which is considered detrimental to the psychological well-being of victims. However, most studies on cyber bullying have mainly been conducted among adolescents, while the issue of work place cyber bullying which affects adults and their working life has just recently began to attract interest from researchers. This study investigates the influence of age, gender, marital status, organizational climate and personality characteristics on work place bullying among health care workers in Nigeria. Using a survey design, 152 health workers were purposively selected from both private and public hospitals. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, correlation analysis, t- test analysis, regression analysis and one way analysis of variance at 0.05 level of significance. Four hypotheses were tested. The results revealed that age, gender differences and marital status independently influenced work place bullying. Organisational climate and personality factors also jointly influenced workplace bullying. Investigation of the association between the psycho-demographic factors and bullying in the work place is necessary to determine the needed intervention to ensure employees job satisfaction and well-being.
Keywords: Age, Gender, Healthcare Workers, Marital Status, Organizational Climate, Workplace bullying
Influence of Abused by family Members on Moral and Marital Status of a Girl-child in Cross River State, Nigeria (Published)
This study explored the current status of girl-child abused by family members and to see possible influences on their moral and marital status. The design adopted for this study is a descriptive survey research design. The population of the study comprises of 51,197 secondary school students who enrolled in 2018/2019 academic session in all the public senior secondary schools in in Cross River State. A sample of 381 respondents was selected for this study based on the Krejcie and Morgan (1970) sample table of specification. The proportionate random sampling procedure was used in selecting the students from different secondary schools to cut across relatively the population. The instrument for data collection titled: Girl Child Abuse Questionnaire (GCAQ). The GCAQ is a 30-item instrument designed along a four-point Likert scale. The questionnaire was validated by consulting experts and items that were considered to be vague and irrelevant were removed to ensure validity. To establish the reliability of the instrument, a pilot test was conducted. Using the test retest method of reliability, the two sets of scores obtained from the pilot test were correlated using Pearson Product Moment Correlation (PPMC). The reliability (r) value of 0.76 was obtained for the scores which implied the high reliability of the instrument. The data collected was analysed using descriptive statistics. The study found that girl-child in the study area is abused by family members and this in turn affects their moral and marital status. It was recommended among other that government through her agencies should ensure that girls are given adequate attention; stiffer punishment be given to the perpetrators of this ugly act.
Keywords: Abuse, Girl Child, Marital Status, moral status.
Prevalence of Hypertension Among Post-Menopausal Women in Enugu, Nigeria: Do Age and Marital Status Matter? (Published)
The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of hypertension among post-menopausal women in Enugu, Nigeria, and whether or not age and marital status are risk factors. In a cross- sectional survey, a total of 300 post-menopausal women within the age range of 45-85 years who gave their informed consent, were conveniently selected from markets, schools and homes located in Enugu metropolis. An adapted self-structured questionnaire was administered to each participant and data were generated and analyzed. Major findings revealed high prevalence of post-menopausal hypertension, especially above 50 years (67.7%), irrespective of their marital status. Results showed a statistical significant relationship (p<0.05) between post-menopausal hypertension and age, but not with maternal marital status. These findings suggest that age is of critical importance when predicting the onset and progress of post-menopausal hypertension. Elderly women therefore, should be given priority attention during clinical investigations and therapeutic planning for the ailment.
Keywords: Age, Marital Status, mensuration, post-menopausal hypertension
Locus of Control and Marital Status as Predictor of Counsellors’ Job Satisfaction in Delta and Edo States (Published)
This study investigated locus of control and marital status as predictor of counsellors’ job satisfaction in Delta and Edo States. The study was guided by nine research questions and nine hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The research design was predictive correlational survey. The population of the study is 359 practising guidance counsellors in all public secondary schools in Edo and Delta states. Delta state has 217 counsellors and Edo state 142 counsellors. The sample of the study was being made up of all practising counsellors in public secondary schools in Secondary schools in Edo and Delta States. Since the population of 359 is small and manageable, the entire population was studied. Two instruments were used to collect data for this study. These are Locus of Control (LOC) and Job Satisfaction Questionnaire (JSQ). The research adopted the three instruments for the study. The researcher and other research assistances administered the instruments through direct delivery method. The researcher with the help of 11 well-trained research assistants, distributed the questionnaire to the respondents and collected completed copies from them. Out of the 359 copies of the questionnaires distributed only 343 (95.5 %) copies were retrieved from the respondents. For data analyses, research question 1-9 was answered using a simple regression analysis. The null hypothesis were tested using simple and multiple analyses. Findings from the study revealed that, self-efficacy is a significant predictor of job satisfaction of secondary school counsellors in Delta and Edo States. It was recommended that since marital status and locus of control are jointly predictors of job satisfaction among secondary school counsellors. Hence, earnest efforts should be made by governments and counselling psychologists to enhance locus of control of counsellors for the purpose of transforming education in Nigeria. Counsellors with internal locus of control are more likely to create and promote conditions and interpersonal networks that nourish and sustain work satisfaction.
Keywords: Counsellors, Job Satisfaction, Marital Status, locus of control
Relationship Among Study Habits, Gender, Marital Status, Age, Parents’ Level of Education and Academic Performance of Nce Students in Kashim Ibrahim College of Education Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria (Published)
The study examined the relationship among study habits, gender, age, and parents’ level of education and academic performance of NCE Students in Kashim Ibrahim College of Education Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria. Five objectives were raised which include, to determining the relationship between study habits and academic performance of NCE students of Kashim Ibrahim College of education Maiduguri and relationship between gender, age, marial status and academic performance of NCE students. In line with the objectives, five hypotheses were tested. The researchers adopted survey and correlational design for the study.A sample of 142 NCE 2 and 3 students was selected through simple random and stratified sampling techniques. That is, 20 NCE II and NCE III students’ (males 71 and females 71) were involved. The research instrument that was adopted for this study is “Study Habits and Examination Techniques Inventory (SHETI)” Form P, developed by Carew and Hamman-Tukur (1996). Data was analysed using descriptive statistics and Pearson product moment correlation. Results indicate that, there is significant relationship between gender and academic performance (r-value = .419, p value = .006 and P<0.05). However, the result revealed no statistically significant relationship between study habits and academic performance. From these findings, it is recommended that Since there was significant relationship between gender and academic performance, equal opportunity should be given to both males and females in schools and Colleges, particularly in terms of placing students into various courses; they should not be discriminated based on their sex. Married students should not be denied admission in all the schools and Colleges, because marital status is never abarrier to students’ academic performance. Though the result indicated that no significant relationship between study habits and academic performance, study habit patterns should be taught to students because it cannot be divorced from study.
Keywords: Age, Gender, Marital Status, Parents’ level of Education and Academic Performance, study habits
Correlational Study of Athletes’ Marital Status, Level of Education and Perception of Gender Harassment, Unwanted Sexual Attention and Sexual Coercion in Southern Nigerian Universities (Published)
The study was a correlational study of athletes’ marital status, level of education and perception of gender harassment, unwanted sexual attention and sexual coercion in southern Nigerian universities using survey design on 946 athletes as sample. A questionnaire with .93 as overall reliability co-efficient, and inter-scale reliability indices of α = .76 (gender harassment); α = .85 (unwanted sexual attention), and α = .91 (sexual coercion). Mean and simple regression statistic were used for data analysis. Results revealed that single (i.e. unmarried), married, undergraduate and postgraduate athletes perceived gender harassment as not a problem. Single (i.e. unmarried) and undergraduate athletes perceived unwanted sexual attention as not a problem while married and postgraduate athletes perceived it as a problem. Again, single (i.e. unmarried), married, undergraduate and postgraduate athletes perceived sexual coercion as a problem. Athletes’ marital status and level of education had significant relationship with perception of gender harassment, unwanted sexual attention and sexual coercion. It was recommended that sexual harassment intervention programmes should be designed and mounted by governmental and non-governmental agencies, sports researchers/stakeholders and should focus more on married and postgraduate athletes. Sports participants should be made to understand what constitutes sexual harassment to athletes especially to married and postgraduate athletes through mass media, seminars, workshops and conferences by sports stakeholders.
Keywords: Athletes, Gender Harassment, Level Of Education, Marital Status, Sexual Coercion., Unwanted Sexual Attention