Tag Archives: Management

Examination of the Application of Health and Safety Plan on Construction Sites in Lagos State, Nigeria (Published)

The construction industry is an important part of the economy in many countries and is often seen as a driver of economic growth especially in developing countries. Owing to its relatively labour intensive nature, construction works provide opportunities for employment for a wide range of people skilled, semi-skilled and unskilled. Despite its importance, construction sites are considered risky with frequent and high accident rates and ill-health problems to workers. However, knowledge on health and safety management and related factors on construction sites in Lagos State is not well documented. This study was therefore undertaken to examine the current practice of application of Health and Safety Plan during project implementation. In pursuing this objective, a descriptive case study research design was used where 32 construction project sites in Lagos State were selected through random sampling. A total of one hundred and twenty eight (128) copies of questionnaire were administered to participants with years of experience on construction management in Lagos State, Nigeria. Data obtained based on snowball and random sampling technique were analysed through Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) Version 21 using Mean Scores and Relative Importance Index (RII). The significance of each of the associated variables as impacted on construction workers health and safety practices on buildings project were determined using Independent Samples Test, Mann-Whitney U Test. Descriptive outcome of the statistical analyses showed a high prevalence need of safety practices. The findings of the study established dissatisfaction with effective use of health and safety plan and its implementation among site operatives because workers find it difficult to adapt to as it was against their traditional practices(RII=0.776), unethical practice of workers due to human attitudinal peculiarities (RII=0.766),inadequate engagement of safety managers on sites (RII=0.764), inadequate engagement of safety managers and ineffective supervision on site(RII=0.762) as well as poor communication between site managers and site operatives (RII=0.756) as factors preventing effective use of health and safety plan among the categories of respondents sampled. The study concluded based on Mann-Whitney U Test result on health and safety improvement measures and control systems available for health and safety practices and workers performance on construction sites. The study recommends use of a more proactive and integrated management mechanism to enforce the existing Safety and Health regulations in construction sites, in order to prevent accidents, injuries and ill health on the site.

 

Keywords: Construction Sites, Examination, Health & Safety, Management, Plan, Relative Importance Index

The Dynamics of Internal Boundary Conflict Management between Cross River State and Her Neighbours 1978-2010 (Published)

The concern of academics the world over is to contribute to the development and peaceful co-existence of its citizens, hence they domicile their research towards achieving this objective. Using descriptive methodology, this study critically examines the crisis bedevilling Nigerian communities, arising majorly, from boundary or border lines. This crisis has raised a lot of concern with dire consequences on the people’s cordial relationship. This paper therefore attempts to examine the existing relationship over time amongst the people of the study area, taking into consideration the causes of the conflict with a view to proffering possible solutions in curbing them. In achieving the above, the paper discovered that DECREE 23 of 1985 rather than carefully studying the situation with consultations, the authorities were rather in a hurry with its enactment. Also at the pivot of the conflicts is the National Boundary Commission which must be proactive if peace must be achieved.

Keywords: Conflict, Cross River State, Dynamics, Management, internal boundary

Perception of Stakeholders on the Maintenance Management Strategies for Sports Facilities in Selected Universities in Southwestern, Nigeria (Published)

The paper identified and examined facilities maintenance strategies adopted in selected universities in south-western Nigeria, examined maintenance planning and factors influencing the choice of maintenance strategies adopted in the study area. Data were sourced using a structured questionnaire administered on sportsmen and women and the maintenance staff of the maintenance department in the universities sampled. The sample size captured all the fifteen games, featured in Nigeria university games association (NUGA) in the three federal universities that had such facilities for the fifteen games and have hosted the national and international sporting event were purposively selected. Data were analyzed using frequency distribution, percentages and mean response analysis. The findings revealed that the most influencing factors for the choice of maintenance strategies were maintenance policy with a mean score of (3.90), technological factors (3.85), maintenance standard (3.76), maintenance tactics (3.74), economic factors (3.74), and environmental factors (3.73). The study concluded that the most widely used maintenance strategy was reactive maintenance strategy and identified its problem to be the adoption of a piecemeal approach to the maintenance of facilities thereby resulting in under-maintenance of sports facilities.

Keywords: Factors, Maintenance, Management, Planning, Sports Facilities, Strategies.

Student Council Members’ Management of Discipline in Public Secondary Schools in Wareng Sub-County, Kenya (Published)

In Kenya, there has been increasing concern that acts of student indiscipline are on the rise in schools. In light of this view, this paper explores the extent to which student council members manage of students’ discipline in public secondary schools in Wareng Sub-County, Kenya. The study was guided by the Social Systems Theory, which states that an organization is a system that comprises of different units which are interrelated in carrying out activities. The study’s main research question was to what extent do student councils to meaningfully participate in management of students’ discipline in secondary schools in Wareng Sub-County? The study employed ex post facto research design. The target population was student councillors, deputy, head teachers and principals in public secondary schools in Wareng Sub-County. Stratified simple random sampling techniques were used to select the sample to participate in the study. Data collection was through use of a questionnaire and interview. Descriptive statistics such as means, percentages, frequencies, means and standard deviations were used to analyse and present the research data. To test hypotheses independent samples t-test and ANOVA were used. From the findings of the study, the research concluded that student council members were aware of the mission and vision of their schools. Majority of the participants were trained to follow rules and regulations. Problem solving strategies were also covered during training. Moreover, student council members were taught the importance of skills public speaking. Based on these findings, it was recommended that the Kenya Ministry of Education should come up with a proper school governance system that enables student councillors to participate in decision-making process and especially in matters that concern students through active involvement in various meetings. The Ministry should adopt a proper school governance system that enables student councillors to participate in decision-making process especially in matters that concern students through active involvement in various meetings.

Keywords: Discipline, Kenya, Management, Public Secondary Schools, Student Council Members, Wareng

Electronic Human Resource Management for University Administration in Rivers State (Published)

The study investigated electronic human resource management for University administration in Rivers State. Five research questions and five hypotheses were formulated to serve as guide for the study. The design adopted for the study was descriptive survey. Population of the study was 12,056 academic staff in Rivers State Universities while 749 academic staff were sampled for the study through stratified random sampling technique. Instrument used for data collection was a 25-item questionnaire titled “Electronic Human Resource Management for University Administration Questionnaire” (EHRMUAQ) and the instrument was validated by two experts in the Department of Educational Management, University of Port Harcourt. The reliability of the instrument was determined using Cronbach Alpha statistic with an index of 0.82.Research questions raised were answered using mean and standard deviation while the hypotheses were tested using z-test at 0.05 alpha level. The findings of the study revealed that public and private Universities differ in the extent of use of electronic platforms for planning, recruitment and selection, wage administration and compensation, and performance appraisal for University administration, while they do not differ in the area of training and development. It was recommended among others that sufficient electronic devices should be provided in these Universities for carrying out these administrative functions.

Keywords: Electronic, Human resource, Management, Rivers State, university administration

Effect of Credit Risk Management on Financial Performance of Commercial Banks in (Published)

The main purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of credit risk on the financial performance of commercial banks in Nepal. The balance panel data of ten commercial banks with 160 observations for the period of 2001 to 2016 have been used for the analysis. The regression results revealed that capital adequacy ratio (CAR), non-performing loan ratio (NPLR), and management quality ratio (MQR) have significant relationship with the financial performance (ROA) of the commercial banks in Nepal. Similarly, credit to deposit ratio (CDR) and risk sensitivity (RS) have no significant impact on the financial performance of the commercial banks in Nepal.

Keywords: Capital Adequacy Ratio, Management, Return on Asset, and quality ratio, credit to deposit ratio and risk sensitivity, non-performing loan ratio

Principals ‘management of Internally Generated Funds to Enhance Public Secondary Schools’ Financing for Sustainable National Development (Published)

This study aimed at investigating the ways management of internally generated funds enhanced secondary school financing for sustainable national development. The study adopted a survey research design. The population of the study comprised all public secondary schools principals/vice principals. A study sample of 539 respondents was used to generate data for the study. Three null hypotheses were formulated to be tested in the study. A 24 item questionnaire titled “Principals’ Management of Internally Generated Funds for Improved School Financing Questionnaire” (PMIGFISFQ) was used for data collection. The instrument was validated, and its reliability established at 0.89. Data collected were subjected to statistical analysis using Pearson Product Moment Correlation analysis. The null hypotheses testing revealed significant relationship between management of school internally generated funds and schools financing improvement for sustainable national development. It was found out that principals’ management skills in budgeting, auditing and keeping financial records significantly relate to school financing improvement. Based on the findings, it was recommended among others that Government through Ministry of Education and secondary Education Board should organized seminar and workshops for school principals to sharpen their skills in financial management of internally generated revenue as a strategy for improved secondary schools’ financing for sustainable national development.

Keywords: Internally generated funds, Management, school financing and National development.

Effect of Management Factor on Stochastic Frontier Production of Organic Rice Farming in Indonesia (Published)

The main problem in this study is the effect of management factor on stochastic frontier production of organic rice farming that emphasized production efficiency. The aim of this research was to analyze the role of managerial ability of farmers in organic rice farming production. This study was conducted on 216 organic rice farmers as a sample during two planting seasons with purposive sampling method. The sample was consisted of two farmer groups, i.e. Pangudi Bogo and Pangudi Raharjo in Dlingo Village, Mojosongo District, Boyolali Regency, Central Java Province, Indonesia. This research used stochastic frontier production function approach with cross section data and estimated with maximum likelihood estimation. The result showed that average value of production efficiency is 0.5928 and the most dominant variable in determining the technical inefficiency of organic rice farming was variable of farming system management.

Keywords: Indonesia, Management, Organic rice farming, Production, Stochastic Frontier

Land Tenure System and Farming Management Practices: A Case of Ilaroin Ogun State (Published)

This paper examined the implications of land tenure system on farm layout and management practices in a rural economy. In addition to the synthesis of the existing literature, key informant interview (KII), Focus Group Discussions (FGD), personal observations and questionnaire administrationwere used in data collection.Simple statistical tools wereused to analyze theland tenure features, farm layout and farm management practices. The results revealed that 58% of farmers have use rightto land, 25% have right to trade offtheir land, 17% use family land and 50% have right to lease their land. Sun shade and storage barn were observed farm facilities with foot part used for layout. About 70% practice mixed cropping while 30% practice mono-cropping with no significant long term investment on farming due to existing tenure system. The paper recommends a review of the existing land tenure to accommodate land right to encourage long term investment to ensure sustainable agriculture.

Keywords: Land, Management, Tenure system, farm, layout, practice

Modern School Management and Its Impact on the Academic Achievement of the Students of the Basic Stage in Jordanian Public Schools (Published)

The study aimed to identify the modern school administration and its impact on the academic achievement of the students of the basic stage in the Jordanian government schools. To achieve the objectives of the study, the researcher followed the analytical descriptive approach in terms of applying the study tool and data collection and analysis. Directorate of Education Jerash, While the sample of the study consisted of (20) students from Jerash Elementary School for Boys. The study found that there is a statistically significant effect of the modern school administration on the academic achievement of the students of the basic stage in Jordanian public schools. Modern administration in the various directorates of education affiliated to the Jordanian Ministry of Education.

Keywords: Academic Achievement, Basic Jordanian Public Schools, Management, Modern School, Students

The Preferred Crisis Management Strategies among Lecturers in Tertiary Institutions in Cross River State, Nigeria and the Need for Guidance and Counselling Intervention (Published)

The aim of this study was to investigate the preferred crises management strategies among lecturers in tertiary institutions in Cross River State, Nigeria. The population of the study was one thousand two hundred and forty-two (1,242) lecturers. The total sample used for the study was five hundred respondents who were drawn through stratified random sampling from four institutions of higher learning in Cross River State. The instrument used for the data collection was the researcher’s developed Preferred Crisis Management Strategies Questionnaire (P.C.M.S.Q). It has two sections, A and B. Section A contained the personal data while B contained four point Likert scale type, made up of sixteen (16) items. The data collected from the samples were subjected to statistical analysis using the population and independent t-test. To accomplish the study objective, two hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. The following findings emerged; the preference for force crisis management strategy by lecturers was significantly low in tertiary institutions in Cross River State. Sex does not influence lecturers’ preference for dialogue as a crisis management strategy. Based on these findings, the following recommendations were made. The government should adequately fund education, and the schools should devise local sources of generating funds while well-meaning individuals and companies should assist, dialogue should be adopted as evidenced in the study.

Keywords: Lecturer, Management, Preferred, Strategies., Tertiary Institutions, crises

Effect of Road Assets Management on Performance of Road Agencies in Kenya (Published)

The study sought to analyse the effect of road asset management (RAM) on performance of road agencies in Kenya. The study was guided by stakeholder theory and it posited a conceptual framework in which road assets management was the independent variable, road agency performance the dependent variable. A correlation survey design was employed to find out the relationships between the study variables.A purposive sampling technique was used to select the respondents for the study and data was collected using structured questionnaire. Results showed that RAM was a positive and significant predictor of road agency performance in Kenya and it accounted for 81.7% of variance in performance of the road agencies in Kenya.The study concluded that RAM contribute significantly to road agency performance and recommends that RAM should be integrated in the policies of road agencies in Kenya in order to realize better condition of roads in Kenya in the long run.

Keywords: Management, Performance, Road Agency, Road assets

The Role of Village Consultative Board (BPD) in the Management of Village Funds in Limbong Village, Dolok Merawan Subdistrict, Serdang Bedagai Regency, Indonesia (Published)

The village fund in its management is carried out in an orderly manner, abiding by the provisions of the legislation, efficient, economical, effective, transparent, and accountable by paying attention to the sense of justice and propriety and prioritizing the interests of the local community, listed in Government Regulation number 22 of 2015 concerning Village Funds. Supervision of Village Fund Management by BPD in Limbong Village is done by monitoring all income and expenditure of village cash, to support the monitoring, BPD Limbong Village, Dolok Merawan District asks for Village Finance Report, both income and expenditure but in doing the monitoring are still many members Some of the BPD who do not understand what to do even know nothing about thevVillage fund.

Keywords: Management, Village Consultative Board, Village Fund

Organization and Management of Early Childhood Education Program: An Evaluation on Subur Sejahtera Kindergarten, Kendari, Indonesia (Published)

The objective of this research is to describe the implementation of early childhood education program (ECEP) at Kindergarten of Subur Sejahtera Kendari, Indonesia. This research uses qualitative method, with Context, Input, Process and Product (CIPP) model evaluation design adopted from Daniel Stufflebeam (2003). The results of the study indicate that: (1) the context component covering the legal basis of the program has been fulfilled; (2) the input components that include human resources in the form of teachers and staff have been fulfilled, with appropriate academic qualifications, and adequate facilities and infrastructures; (3) the learning process implementation component has shown sufficient circumstances in accordance with those required in the national curriculum; and (4) product components covering output and outcomes are in good category. Thus, it can be concluded that the implementation of ECEP at Subur Sejahtera Kindergarten, Indonesia is in accordance with national standards of early childhood education. The suggestions that can be put forward are: (1) the competence of the kindergarten teachers still need to be improved; (2) the quality of teaching and learning process need to be improved; and (3) the teaching and learning process need to be managed more effectively by taking into account the developmental aspects required in accordance with national standards of education.

Keywords: Early Childhood Education, Management, Organization, Output, input.

The Determinants Affecting the Customs Risk Management (Crm) in Dong Nai Province (Published)

In modern customs management, the application of risk management (RM) is considered to be important. The customs risk management can identify the key areas of potential high risk of smuggling, trade fraud, tax evasion and budget deficits so that customs administrations can take effective preventive measures. At the same time, it will create favorable conditions for enterprises to obey customs law. The objective of this study is to find out various factors affecting the customs risk management (CRM) in Dong Nai province. Data surveyed 200 managers of enterprises related to Dong Nai customs. The surveying time is from 9/2017 to 3/2018. Data processed by SPSS 20.0 and method used by the multiple linear regression analysis. The research results showed there are three key factors that affecting the customs risk management (CRM) in Dong Nai province with level significance 5 percent.  

Keywords: CRM, Customs, LHU, Management, Risk

Revitalization of Women’s Cooperative (Kopwan) Based Local Wisdom (Published)

The purpose of research is to analyze the problems of women’s cooperatives in Sampang. Benefits of this study are consistent with Nawacita President Jokowi is to realize economic independence by moving the strategic sectors of the domestic economy. The methodology used in this research is qualitative descriptive. Data collection techniques in this study is the observation and interviews. The research subject is women’s cooperatives (members, administrators). The type of data in this study, there are two primary data and secondary data. Primary data were obtained from observations and interviews, while the secondary data obtained from the documentation, literature and the literature of the relevant agencies. In this study the validity or correctness of the information and the stabilization achieved by using triangulation is done by comparing the information of members of  Women`s cooperative ( Kopwan)  with the position (status) are different. The study population was women’s cooperatives in Sampang with purposive sampling election. From the research findings, Kopwan very weak performance from the aspect of technological mastery (the market), access to market information and  sources of capital .Moreover, human resource capacity is still low. The conclusion of this study is the need to strengthen management, capital support and appropriate technology. There was also need for the availability of raw materials and human resources (HR) is concerned to improve the performance of SMEs and Kopwan on Madura.

Keywords: Capital, Human Resources, Madura, Management, Women's Cooperative

The Elements of Effective School Administration in Jordanian Public Schools and Their Effect on Student Achievement (Published)

The objective of this study is to identify the effect of effective school management in the Jordanian public schools on the achievement of the students. To achieve the objectives of the study, the researcher followed the analytical descriptive method in terms of applying the study tool and data collection and analysis. (9) students. The study found that there is an impact of the effective school management elements in Jordanian public schools on the achievement of students’ studies. The researcher recommended the need to provide workshops and training courses for managers The service is provided in Jordanian public schools for effective school administration.

Keywords: Collection., Ingredients, Management, School

Human Resources and Strategic Management for Sustainable Development in Nigeria: Akwa Ibom State Experience (Published)

Human resource and strategic management is one of the most important requirements for the sustenance of an economy, whether at micro or macro levels. It is a must for any society, country or even enterprise that wishes to survive under complex challenges of a dynamic as well as globalized world. The objective of this study was to examine human resources and strategic management for sustainable development in Nigeria drawing specifically from Akwa Ibom State experience. The study adopted a historical and descriptive research drawing data mostly from secondary sources. The study revealed that Akwa Ibom state government is committed to training its workforce in the critical areas of need such as science, technology and engineering as a core area for sustainable development. The study further revealed that where human resources capital are not strategically managed, it would stalled any meaningful development in the state. The study therefore recommended that the training and retraining of workforce in the state should be focus mostly on the critical areas of science, technology and engineering as against the present emphasis on general administration. Also, the workforce so train should be strategically managed to enhance sustainable development in the state.

Keywords: Akwa Ibom State, Human resource, Management, Nigeria, Sustainable Development

Academic Records Management in Ghanaian Basic Schools: A Study of Basic Schools in the Ashiedu Keteke Sub-Metro in the Greater Accra Region (Published)

The study examined the academic records management practices in Basic Schools in the Ashiedu Keteke Sub-Metro in the Greater Accra Region. Adopting the quantity approach to research, the study employed the descriptive survey design which involved the administration of closed-ended questionnaire to 20 head, 20 assistant head teachers and 213 teachers from 20 randomly selected Basic schools in the Ashiedu Keteke Sub-Metro. The study revealed that academic records of basic schools included admission register, attendance register, log book, visitors book, cumulative record folder, students report sheet/card, school timetable, staff attendance register, staff movement book, scheme of work, lesson plan and notes, store ledger/inventory book, and school syllabus. The absence of national policy on records management and the lack of guidelines for academic records management in schools appeared to be the major challenges hindering effective academic records management in basic schools in the sub-Metro. Based on the findings, it was recommended that there should be a national policy on academic records management. In addition, qualified record managers or professional archivists should be employed to manage academic records in Basic Schools.

Keywords: Management, Professional, Record Management, Records

Business Continuity Management: Definitions, Drivers, Practices, Key processes and Effectiveness (Published)

This paper sheds light on the concept for business continuity management, its definitions, key processes and effectiveness. The paper gives also a clear understanding of the BCM drivers, practices 

Keywords: Business, Continuity, Drivers, Effectiveness, Management