Tag Archives: management strategies

The Evaluation of Habitat Preference of Hartebeest Antelopes (Alcelaphus buselaphus) in Bouba- ndjidda National Park, North Region, Cameroon (Published)

Identifying the quality and preference of different habitat types are crucial for developing conservation strategies of a targeted wildlife species. Herbivores are known to select habitats that provide maximum forage intake. The availability of preferred habitat determines the spatial and temporal distribution of herbivores in savanna woodland ecosystems. Understanding habitat preference of a targeted wildlife species is crucial for developing effective management strategies. Hence, the objective of this study was to examine the importance of various habitats to the hartebeest population in the national park. Research data was collected on animal-group activity through observation. The observed animal-group activity was recorded on check-sheets alongside some ecological parameters. The survey showed a significance between the antelope-group size and behavior X2 = 5.441 df=3, P<0.05. Nonetheless, the survey witnessed animal-group size ranging from 1-5 (22%) and 6-10 (78%) respectively. More so, antelopes’ movement recorded a significant activity 70% compared to feeding 20%, rest 7% and drinking 4% respectively. There was a significance between antelope-group behavior and vegetation X2 = 9.723 df=6, P<0.05. Three vegetation types were considered during this study, grassland 48%, shrub-land 45%, and forest patches 7% respectively. This study observed the hartebeest antelopes feeding on grass vegetation 93% and lower branches of shrubs 7% due to their large body sizes.  Also, there was a significance between landscape and hartebeest-group behavior X2 = 34.371 df=9, P<0.05. Antelope-group behavior was predominantly recorded in flat landscape areas 55% than slope 30%, hill 11%, and flood plains 4% respectively. Furthermore, landscape recorded a significance on vegetation types X2 = 3.332 df=6, P<0.05. Bouba ndjidda national park is rich in wildlife population such as antelopes, hence, more study is needed to be done to understand the population dynamics and behavior of the hartebeest antelopes. Unfortunately, the wildlife population in the national park does not have a rich database research reference compared to other national parks in sub Saharan Africa region.

Citation: Melle E.M., Kamgang S.A., Ewane D., Kamah P.B, Esong L.E. (2022) The Evaluation of Habitat Preference of Hartebeest Antelopes (Alcelaphus buselaphus) in Bouba- ndjidda National Park, North Region, Cameroon, International Journal of Weather, Climate Change and Conservation Research, Vol. 8 No. 2, pp. 26-38

Keywords: antelope group, hartebeest, management strategies, preferred habitat

Management Strategies for Effective Course Advisership in Public Universities in Edo State, Nigeria (Published)

Course advising is the fulcrum of an academic staff roles in a university system towards ensuring quality production of human capital needed for development. The study therefore investigated the level of effectiveness of course advisers and their challenges in public universities in Edo State. The descriptive survey of the ex-post facto design was adopted for the study. Course advisers in University of Benin, Benin City and Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma during the 2018/2019 academic session constituted the study population. Purposive sampling technique was used to select 40 course advisers each from the two institutions across ten uniform departments from the two universities. 1600 students who served as respondents to the instruments were also purposively sampled. 80 students each were sampled from the study population from the 10 common departments in the two institutions. Two sets of researcher’s design questionnaire which were validated by senior academics and reliability of the instruments ascertained were used to collect data for the study. Descriptive and inferential statistics such as mean, standard deviation, t-test and multiple regression analysis were used to analyse the data collected. The results of the analysis revealed that course advisers in the public universities in Edo State were generally ineffective. It was also found that there was no significant difference in the effectiveness of course advisers based on experience and gender. The study equally found that course advisers’ effectiveness was hampered by many challenges. To improve on the effectiveness of course advisers, some managerial strategies were recommended. Among which was that regular workshops, seminars and trainings should be organized for course advisers to improve on their capacity. It was also recommended that they should be equipped with computers and internet facilities to boost their effectiveness and efficiency. Another recommendation was that online course advising should be introduced to ease the problem of students’ pressure.

Keywords: Edo state, Effectiveness, Public Universities, course advisership, management strategies