Farmers’ indigenous knowledge, perception and management practices of American fall army worm (Spodoptera frugiperda J. E. Smith) in maize crop productions in West Hararghe Zone, Ethiopia (Published)
The study was carried out to determine the farmers’ indigenous knowledge, perceptions on the infestation and damage level of American Fall Army Worm (AFAW) (Spodoptera frugiperda J. E. Smith) in maize cultivated fields at Chiro and Darolebu districts of West Hararghe zone, Ethiopia during the main cropping season of 20l8 to 2019 and also to assesses the indigenous knowledge and how the farmers manage AFAW in maize crop fields to further design and improve appropriate control mechanisms for the study areas. Sampling technique was purposive for identifying districts that had high maize crop production potential from both districts. From each district, three localities were selected purposively. A total of 207 respondents (51 Key Informants (KI) and 26 Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) per each locality from both study districts were interviewed and generated both qualitative and quantitative data on AFAW insect pest and its local management practices and losses in maize crops. All the respondents were reported that AFAW was caused damage and yield losses on maize fields at both study districts. They also reported that AFAW was in general feeders which attack many crop species. In the farmers‘ opinion, maize (76% and 72.88%), sorghum (13% and 18.56%), and millet (11% and 8.56%) were considered as the most susceptible at Chiro and Darolebu districts, respectively. On average, more than 25.90 % of the controls against this pest in all the study areas were often done through chemical and cultural control methods. The main control methods were used both insecticides and cultural at Darolebu (55.6%) and insecticides only at Chiro (20.8%) districts, respectively. From traditional management options, most of the discussants reported and used various particles like ash, urea, soils and botanical extracts such as tobacco, garlic, datura (banji), green pepper and also soap particles (66.6% and 18.5% from Darolebu and 29.7% and 4.7% Chiro districts, respectively. From all the study areas, 26.40% respondents reported that the mechanical methods were used by the removal of infested plants in the fields. But 14.35 % of respondents said did not use any traditional methods in the study areas. The FGD respondents suggested that it is better to have resistance and adaptable varieties that released for such agro-ecologies the same to our area. Also, they have emphasized that the government should be supplied fertilizers and different effective insecticides timely by affordable prices.
Employee Career Plateau in Cameroon’s Enterprises: Pattern Guides Towards Sustainable Solutions (Published)
Suggesting possible solutions that can help solve the problem of career plateauing has become an indispensable issue in Cameroon’s large enterprises. To achieve this objective, weadministered 291 questionnaires to managers and personnel of large Cameroon’scompanies spread across the national territory. Our principal variable in this study is career plateaued while the three secondary variables are post enrichment, participation to decision and assistance or support from colleagues. To achieve our result, a logisticand multivariate regression model with STATA 13.0 software were used. Our results show that participation to decision making has a significant positive effect on employee career plateaued. We recommend all Cameroon’s enterprises to involve employees in decision making and continuously enrich the job as time elapses.
The Impact of Organizational Culture on Job Performance among Employees of the College of Administrative Sciences at Najran University (Published)
The present study is an attempt to identify the nature of the relationship between organizational culture and job performance among employees of the College of Administrative Sciences in Najran University, Saudi Arabia. The study problem lies in identifying the impact of organizational culture on job performance of employees at the College of Administrative Sciences. To achieve the objectives of the study, a number of hypotheses tested, mainly: There is a statistically significant relationship at the significant level of (0.05) between organizational culture and job performance among employees of the College of Administrative Sciences. The study adopted the questionnaire for collecting data from the study sample that consisted of (81) employees. The main finding of study is that there is a positive impact for organization culture on job performance among employees at College of Administrative Sciences due to the vital and effective role played by the organizational culture in the development of administrative thinking, which contributes to raising the level of job performance