Tag Archives: Locust Bean Gum

Dietary Fibres Composition Analysis of Carob Seed Tegument as Locust Bean Gum Contaminants’ (Published)

The proximate composition and the fibres content of the carob seed tegument were analyzed in order to evaluate the effect of carob seed hull fragments (as contaminants) on locust bean gum (a galactomannan usually used as food additive) composition.The separation of the seed components by boiling water pre-treatment furnished ~30% of brown coat. The seed coat fibres analysis by enzymatic-gravimetric method with phosphate buffer showed that carob husk contain ~75% IDF (insoluble dietary fiber) and ~15% SDF (soluble dietary fiber). In addition, the NDF (neutral-detergent fibre) composition, determined by non-enzymatic-gravimetric method with detergent solution, revealed the presence of ~20% of insoluble hemicelluloses, ~33% of cellulose and ~9% of lignin fractions. These results suggest that this product may be regarded as a potential fibre source for Locust bean gum flour enrichment, and suitable for use as food ingredient.

Keywords: ., Carob seed Tegument, Ceratonia siliqua L., Dietary fibre, Hull, Locust Bean Gum, husk

Dietary Fibres Composition Analysis of Carob Seed Tegument as Locust Bean Gum Contaminants’ (Published)

The proximate composition and the fibres content of the carob seed tegument were analyzed in order to evaluate the effect of carob seed hull fragments (as contaminants) on locust bean gum (a galactomannan usually used as food additive) composition. The separation of the seed components by boiling water pre-treatment furnished ~30% of brown coat. The seed coat fibres analysis by enzymatic-gravimetric method with phosphate buffer showed that carob husk contain ~75% IDF (insoluble dietary fiber) and ~15% SDF (soluble dietary fiber). In addition, the NDF (neutral-detergent fibre) composition, determined by non-enzymatic-gravimetric method with detergent solution, revealed the presence of ~20% of insoluble hemicelluloses, ~33% of cellulose and ~9% of lignin fractions. These results suggest that this product may be regarded as a potential fibre source for Locust bean gum flour enrichment, and suitable for use as food ingredient

Keywords: ., Carob seed Tegument, Ceratonia siliqua L., Dietary fibre, Hull, Locust Bean Gum, husk

Physicochemical Characteristics of Locust Bean Gum Purified Fractions Obtained by Temperature Fractionation (Published)

In this study, carob gum (LBG) which is known to be partially soluble at ambient temperature, was fractionated using temperature of solubilisation (at 23°C, 37°C and 80°C). Two approaches were used. In the first approach, three successive fractions were obtained from one LBG sample starting by a solubilisation at 23°C, followed by a solubilisation at 37°C and finally at 80°C on the insoluble residues. In the second approach three different fractions were obtained from three LBG samples, using a simple fractionation at three different temperatures (at 23°C, at 37°C or at 80°C). The purified fractions obtained were investigated using GLC, SEC and Bolhin rheometer instruments, to gain a clearer picture of their chemical and physico-chemical feature. All the results show that the extracted galactomannan fractions, exhibit molecular characteristics (M/G ratio and intrinsic viscosity) and rheological properties which increase with the temperature of solubilisation/extraction. In addition, these fractions were more soluble at their specific temperature of solubilisation, gave more clearly solutions and higher viscosity than the crude gum. These fractions might be applied industrially as refined thickeners to confer desired properties to food and non-food products at a required temperature.

Keywords: Galactomannan, Locust Bean Gum, Macromolecular Data, Rheological Properties, Sugar Composition, Water-Soluble Polymer