Tag Archives: Local Government

Perceived Psychosocial Impact and Coping Strategies among People Living With Sickle Cell Disease in a Local Government of Oyo State, Nigeria (Published)

In Nigeria, even globally, various studies on sickle cell disease tend to generalize a predisposing factor of sickle cell disease in our society but nevertheless, there is yet a comprehensive study on the psychosocial impact of Sickle Cell Disease on the people living with Sickle Cell Disease and the effect it has on their quality of life and the coping strategies in order to reduce the frequency of crises. Methodology: Data for this study were obtained from both primary and secondary source. The primary source include structured questionnaire; a total of 105 copies of questionnaires were distributed randomly to people living with Sickle Cell Disease in hospitals, schools, Churches and Mosques, while the secondary data were sourced through information from current Journals from internet. The data obtained through these sources were analyzed using frequency tables and simple percentage analysis to discuss the findings of the study. Results: This study shows that the level of understanding and knowledge of respondents to psychosocial impact of Sickle Cell Disease and the management/treatment strategies was adequate. This is evidenced in the fact that greater percentage of the respondents agreed with all the options given i.e. Engaging in a particular intimate relationship, Having commitment ambition and industry, Maintaining a positive and cheerful outlook on the current situation, Letting others know what is of concern and enlisting support by organizing an activity and using professional adviser, such as Counselor. Besides the global burden of Sickle Cell Disease is on the increase on daily basis and same has really affected the quality of life of the victims. Also this psychosocial problems occurring concurrently  both in Sickle Cell Disease patients and their caregivers was seen to be a phenomenon that can have negative impacts both on the victims and the family as a whole, hence this study suggests that parents should be seen in the context of their families holistically. The clinicians should provide the necessary psychological care and support to both the victims and caregivers in order to have better success of their treatment/management strategies. Conclusion: Therefore it is against this background that Policy makers and Non-governmental bodies should come together to organize public lectures and seminars to deliberate on the remedies to be employed in order to ameliorate the incidence of Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) in our society in order to maintain Healthy Nations.

Keywords: Coping Strategies, Local Government, People, Perceived Psychosocial Impact, Sickle Cell Disease

Prospects of Local Government Finance towards Rural Development. A Case Study of Umuahia North Local Government Area of Abia State (Published)

Several challenges have emerged over the years to impede the performance of local government councils in the discharge of their constitutionally assigned responsibilities. One of such challenges is the dwindling revenue base of the local government which has remained an impediment to national development. This paper focuses on how local government can identify revenue sources available to them and ensure effective management of their finances to enhance rural development. A 5 point Likert scale is used to rate hypotheses. It is found that effective utilization of local government finance have significant effect on rural development and a solid financial base have significant effect on the enhancement of rural development. It is recommended that there should be efficient management and utilization of available fund; and also accountable leadership.

Keywords: Finance, Local Government, Revenue, Rural Development

Analysis of Factors Contributing To Poor Performance of Procurement Functions in Local Government Authorities: Empirical Evidence from Audit Reports (Published)

In Tanzania like any other developing countries, local governments are regarded as key providers of public services to the people in various aspects such as education, health, water, infrastructure, financial transactions. The main objective of this study was to assess the factors that contribute to the poor performance of procurement functions in local government authorities. The specific objectives of this study were: to analyze the effect of internal control, staff capacity, and corruption on procurement performance of the local governments in Tanzania. Through a review of existing scholarly works, documents, records and reports, a conceptual frame work was developed. The findings and recommendations of this paper were made based on audit reports for the period of four consecutive years conducted by the National Audit Office (NAOT) and the Public Procurement Regulatory Authority (PPRA). This study revealed that, Local Government Authorities (LGAs) procurement performance faces serious challenges pertaining to weak internal control, lack of staff capacity, and lack of integrity. The study recommended that the public procurement body (PSPTB) and regulatory body (PPRA) should put more efforts on capacity building and monitoring to the LGAs with inadequate compliance level in order to strengthen and improve their procurement performance. It was further recommended that the LGAs managements should continue strengthening their Procurement Management Units, Tender Boards, User Departments as well as Internal Audit Units in order to obtain value for money on the procurements made.

Keywords: Local Government, Poor performance, Procurement Functions

Local Government Finance and Rural Development: A Case of Umuahia North Local Government Area of Abia State (Published)

Several challenges have emerged over the years to impede the performance of local government councils in the discharge of their constitutionally assigned responsibilities. One of such challenges is the dwindling revenue base of the local government which has remained an impediment to national development. This paper focuses on how local government can identify revenue sources available to them and ensure effective management of their finances to enhance rural development. A 5 point Likert scale is used to rate hypotheses. It is found that effective utilization of local government finance have significant effect on rural development and a solid financial base have significant effect on the enhancement of rural development. It is recommended that there should be efficient management and utilization of available fund; and also accountable leadership.

Keywords: Finance, Local Government, Revenue, Rural Development

Model of Measurement Allowance Budget (Budget Slack) To Achieving a Proportionate Managerial Performance in Local Government in Indonesia (Empirical Study On Allowance Budget Level of West JavaProvincial Government) (Published)

The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of budget slack on managerial performance; based on the strong or weak, then the budget slack created measurement model for the achievement of proportional managerial performance. The analysis is based on primary data from 26 respondents that local governments collected through questionnaires, and secondary data from the budget report and its realization in 26 districts / cities in West Java region.  The results showed that the budget slack and significant positive effect on managerial performance and their relationship is at magnitude 66, 8%. Budget slack measurement models can be created although it is still a tentative model for partially tested and has not been validated by the stakeholders or users. Researchers found that budget slack measurement model quantitatively improve managerial performance in the range of 40 % and the qualitative performance can be pursued. Increase in the budget that is not offset by an increase in managerial performance will actually increase the budget slack.

Keywords: Budget slack, Local Government, managerial performance, proportionally, the measurement model

Appraisal of Local Government Participation in the Administration of Primary Education in Nsukka Education Zone of Enugu State (Published)

The study investigated the extent of Local Government participation in the administration of primary Education in Nsukka Education Zone of Enugu State. One research question and one null hypothesis were formulated to guide the study. A 36-item researchers structured questionnaire was developed and administered to 986 respondents. The sample of the study was 986 participants comprising of five (5) education secretaries, 282 head teachers and 699 teachers. The population of the study were studied as the sample size which was obtained through simple random sampling technique. Descriptive survey research design was adopted. The data collected were analyzed using mean and standard deviation. A mean score of 2.50 was adopted as the cut-off-point or acceptable level for the items. The t-test statistic was employed in testing the three null hypotheses formulated for the study at 0.05 level of significance. The result of the analysis of the findings showed that the respondents are of the view that the local government councils in Nsukka education Zone do not participate meaningfully in the administration and funding of primary education. Based on the findings the study recommended that the three tiers of government should combine to fund primary education to avoid it being abandoned by a particular tier, among others

Keywords: Administration, Local Government, Participation, Primary Education

Effects of Tax Policy on the Expenditure of Local Government Councils in Imo State (Published)

The objective of the study is to evaluate the effect of the Nigerian tax policy on the ability of local governments to raise and spend money in discharge of their statutory responsibilities. The investigation was prompted by the fact that local governments seem to be carried away by the euphoria of the periodical statutory allocations from the Federation Account to the extent that they are blinded towards the potential of fiscal operations that would make them less dependent on the statutory allocations. The study therefore re-awakens the senses of local government administrators to the need to exploit more efficiently the opportunities that come with the recent national tax policy. The study is anchored on the Decentralization Theory as postulated by Richard Musgrave (1959) cited in Arowolo (2011). The study adopted a descriptive approach. The secondary data were analysed by means of Ordinary Least Square regression and by employing the Chow Test of structural stability it was established that the tax policy which came into operation in January 2010 has a significant impact on the fiscal operation of local governments in Imo State. Furthermore, the study found that the tax policy had a significant positive effect on the expenditure of local governments, for instance, for Owerri-Municipal Local Government, a unit increase in tax revenue brought about one million naira increase in total expenditure of the local government. It was also found that the tax policy improved the ability of local governments to raise revenue through various forms of taxes. Hence local governments would fare better when they fully avail themselves to the opportunities within the tax policy which make fiscal operations easier and more efficient. The implication of the result is that if local governments do not become enthusiastic in exploiting the benefits of the tax policy, they will remain inefficient in the discharge of their statutory functions. The study therefore recommends among others, that local government authorities should be more proactive in the business of fiscal operation by setting targets on the level of tax revenue to be realized within a particular period and reviewing same periodically.

Keywords: Chow Test., Federation Account, Government Expenditure, Local Government, Tax Policy

Challenges of Local Government Administration in Nigeria: Lessons from Comparative Analysis (Published)

Local government administration in Nigeria is classified as the third tier of government while several problems have been its recurring decimal and various reforms since 1976 haven’t been able to make the system effective and responsible to developmental challenges. Most responses to the challenges have concentrated on looking inward for respite without much success informed this the paper to examine the lessons that could be learnt from comparative local government studies from nations like United States of America, France, India and Britain. It is a descriptive study that relied on secondary data sources. The paper revealed that the challenges inhibiting efficient service delivery range from undue intervention by the state governments, the structure, corruption, over politicization of administration and staffing which were not found to be so in other systems. The study concluded that the challenges are institutional and attitudinal in nature which could be addressed given that there is the political will by the Federal and State governments. It recommended a democratized multilayer local government system, legal framework to checkmate excessive intervention by State government, enhancement of human resources capacity and accountable leadership.

Keywords: Accountability, Governance, Local Government, Service delivery, democratic participation

LOCAL GOVERNMENT, GOOD GOVERNANCE AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA: A CASE STUDY OF EMOHUA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF RIVERS STATE (2001-2012) (Published)

The study seeks to examine Local Government, Good Governance and Sustainable Development in Nigeria: A Case Study of Emohua Local Government Area of Rivers State (2001-2012). A sample of 400 respondents from 14 wards of Emohua Local Government Area in Rivers State was studied. Out of the 400 copies of questionnaire administered, 387 copies were retrieved and after going through them 381 copies (i.e. 95% response rate) were found useful for data analysis. Pearson’s Product Moment Correlation Coefficient (r) was used to test the hypotheses. The study identified the key problems affecting good governance, sustainable development and the economic empowerment of the people in local government areas in Nigeria; to include: Lack of funds to execute local government programmes, Lack of employment opportunities, Bribery and corruption / incompetence, lack of transparency and accountability, lack of planning for Good Governance / public objectives, non-government co-operation on socio- economic issues for the citizenry / decisions poor capacity utilization. Indeed there is still loud yearning for good governance at the local government level. From this study it is evident and conclusive that: Good governance promotes sustainable development in Emohua Local Government Area, Good Governance encourages the economic empowerment of the people in local government areas. The study therefore recommends that: Instead of direct sharing or transfer of cash, local government should embark on programmes that can empower local citizenry. Equally, the controlling state governments should show good example in transparency and accountability to local political leaders. This will minimize corruption at local level. Finally, State governments should also desist from hijacking the functions of local government. It is by allowing local political leaders to discharge these functions while in office that they can master the ropes of governance.

Keywords: Good Governance, Local Government, Sustainable Development

IMPROVING PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT IN THE NIGERIAN LOCAL GOVERNMENT SYSTEM FOR NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT (Published)

From the outset, this paper argues that at the local government level, personnel management has not received the needed professional attention at least in practice. Consequently, national development suffers from the inefficiency and ineffectiveness of the manpower that is supposed to initiate and sustain it from the grassroots. The significance of personnel is then highlighted, with management and development as theoretical basis. The Local Government personnel management organisation and functions were analysed along the line, using problem – solution approach. In further search for improvements, the paper proposes rigorous reflection on pre-colonial personnel management theory and practice. It wondered at the relative effectiveness and efficiency in the accomplishment of development projects that characterised the pre-colonial peoples that made the present day Nigerian nation. The paper therefore sought to provide a sound theoretical foundation that informed the relationship between personnel management in the local government system and national development, with the hope of presenting empirical quantitative data and analysis to support the main thesis in the near future

Keywords: Local Government, National Development, Nigeria, Personnel management

Palestinian Dilemma, Tutelage, Guardianship, Nationalism, Sovereignty. (Review Completed - Accepted)

The study seeks to examine Local Government and Good Governance in Nigeria: A Case Study of Emohua Local Government Area of Rivers State, (2004-2007). A sample of 400 respondents from 14 wards of Emohua Local Government Area in Rivers State, Nigeria was studied. Out of the 400 copies of questionnaire administered, 387 copies were retrieved and after going through them, 381 copies (i.e. 95% response rate) were found useful for data analysis. The study has identified the key problems affecting good governance, sustainable development and the economic empowerment of the people in local government areas in Nigeria; they include: Lack of funds to execute local government programmes, Lack of employment opportunities, Bribery and corruption / incompetence, lack of transparency and accountability, lack of planning for Good Governance / public objectives, non government co-operation on socio- economic issues for the citizenry / decisions poor capacity utilization. The attainment of good governance in Nigeria under the current democratic dispensation is a joint endeavour of the governmental tripod; Federal, State and Local governments. Local government has come a long way in the country. However, it is observable that local governments in the country are hardly effective and efficient. Indeed there is still loud yearning for good governance at the local government level. The study therefore recommends that: Instead of direct sharing or transfer of cash, local government should embark on programmes that can empower local citizenry. Equally, the controlling state governments should show good example in transparency and accountability to local political leaders. This will minimize corruption at local level. Finally, State governments should also desist from hijacking the functions of local government. It is by allowing local political leaders to discharge these functions while in office that they can master the ropes of governance.

Keywords: Good Governance, Local Government, Sustainable Development