Tag Archives: Local Government Area

Constitutionality of Local Council Development Areas in Nigeria (Published)

This paper examines the legality of Local Council Development Areas and similar bodies created by State Governments in Nigeria. The paper considers if the creation of Local Council Development Areas is in compliance with the provisions of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. It shows that while some State Governments renamed newly created Local Government Areas as Local Council Development Areas, some created Local Council Development Areas from the onset in a bid to avoid full compliance with the procedure stipulated by the Constitution for creation of Local Government Areas. It argues that although the State Government has constitutional powers to create Local Government Areas, it does not have the power to create Local Council Development Areas. This is because Local Council Development Areas are not listed in the Constitution of Nigeria.It considers the factors facilitating the creation of Local Council Development Areas including the failure of the Federal Government of Nigeria to challenge the creation and operation of such bodies and the reluctance of the Supreme Court of Nigeria in making a pronouncement against such illegal acts, thereby nipping it in the bud. The paper concludes that until these factors are addressed and the Federal Government rises up to its duty to defend the Constitution by challenging the illegality in the court of law, State Governments will continue to create Local Council Development Areas in violation of the provisions of the Constitution of Nigeria.

Keywords: Constitution, Local Government Area, house of assembly, local council development areas, national assembly

Evaluation of Mechanization in Building Production as a Way of Cost Reduction a Study of Some Construction Sites in Enugu South Local Government Area (Published)

Motivated by the need for an empirical evidence to convince local builders in Enugu south of the benefits of adopting mechanization in building production, this study evaluated the place of mechanization in building production. Survey design was adopted involving field survey, questionnaire survey and personal interviews of some registered professionals in building; civil, structural and mechanical engineers; architects; and surveyors. In verifying the impact of mechanization against voted contract sum in the bill of works, a site where activities in excavation and concrete works were mechanized was selected for case study. From the result of the analyses, it was found that the use of plants can bring about 25-35% reduction in cost of labour in excavation and concrete works where a great deal of resources usually goes down in building production. Sequel to the above findings, the study recommended the use of plants and other forms of mechanization should be explored as excellent alternatives to the use of manual labour, especially when the project is a large one. Also that contractors wanting to venture into mechanization should first consider a variety of alternatives available to them and endeavor to embark on a feasibility study and possibly a thorough cost-benefit analysis before the decision to employ mechanization is made.

Keywords: Building Production, Construction Sites, Cost Reduction, Enugu South, Local Government Area, Mechanization