Livestock plays an important role in Indian economy. About 20.5 million people depend upon livestock for their livelihood. In India, livestock production is largely in the hands of women. In fact animal husbandry is becoming feminized. Being the 5th largest goat population state, Bihar contributes about 7.63% of India’s total goat population. The state is also a habitat of 42.6% people below poverty line and hence there is a tremendous scope of goat farming to meet up the large gap between demand and supply of meat. Around 574000 goats are slaughtered annually in recognized slaughterhouses contributing 31.17% of total meat production of the state (175 thousand tons of meat in 2003). Objectives of the study are. To establish „1 HAMLET 1 GOAT FARM‟ model to commercialize the goat rearing for improving income level, To study and develop a grazing land solution to the goats to reduce the feeding cost, To enhance the Income level of minority and landless community of Pusa Block through Goat rearing. Keeping in view the objectives of study, a report on Focused group discussion is written in descriptive form with thorough observations of the discussion. The data collected through personal interview and survey which were further tabulated and statistically analyzed by the percentage analysis and graphical representation and the results were interpreted for conclusion.
A Two-Stage Sampling Design to Study Small Scale Production of Livestock of Households in Unwana, Nigeria: Towards Reduction of Poverty (Published)
In this study, a statistical survey on small scale domestic livestock production of households in Unwana, Nigeria was carried out. The community was first partitioned into eight enumeration demarcation areas (EADs), two EADs were selected by simple random sampling method. Primary data were then collected from the selected areas (a two – stage sampling method). Data obtained were analyzed using sampling estimation theory to ascertain the actual population of livestock reared in the community, again, the chi- square goodness of fit test showed that fowls, goats and sheep are the most kept livestock among the households with estimated population of 56,790, 117,090 and 30240 respectively. The research recommended a modernized method of livestock keeping to maximize production. Engaging veterinary doctors to improve on the animal healthcare, productivity, food safety and safer environment. The work also observed that training of local livestock keepers and incentives from government will ensure a well-developed sector.
This article discusses the impact of ethnic factors on the formation of national medicine traditions. That is, the geographical location of the peoples and the type of training are reflected in the traditional ethnic traditions of the people. At the same time, the focus is on the religious views of the population and the originality of the local flora and fauna and the impact of such factors on national traditions. Folk medicine traditions were developed as result of relations of people and nature, kind of economy, religions convictions and cultural achievement. People fell necessity to medicine science in the field of saving health and fight against factors which taking bad influence at initial developing age. Medicine knowledge was developing slowly during the century resulting of helping people each other and yourselves. This knowledge was gathered at certain groups of human society resulting of developing medicine and division of labor and treatment and making different medicine were become activity for exactly this groups quacks. Medicine traditions come down oral form from father to son and meanly one family or among relatives. Primary meaning of the article at ancient age of history medicine knowledge and traditions were general and the same ways for everyone, but after some time these traditions look on special significance and becoming difference resulting of several factors. These differences were separated in accordance with ethno area feature and types of treatment. Treatment features of medicine divided into two groups because of different religions outlooks of people, level of knowledge of population, attitude to environment and local myths. First, one is mystic medicine which treatment with unnatural power and second one is empiric medicine which treatment with being passed experiment ways. We investigate empiric medicine and its peculiar features. Nowadays where nation has their own peculiar medicine knowledge and medical traditions, they stood out for treatment ways, particular diagnosis process and taking medicine from other nation’s medicine outlooks. Every nation has their own medicine types because they have following causes: difference of knowledge and approach issues peculiar. Today’s informational century dividing medicine traditions in bordering and people studying certain peculiar was different all countries for medicine beginning of the XX century prohibiting folk medicine from Soviet Union government it directly influenced Uzbek folk medicine. Being occupied with medicine, propagandizing was forbidden officially in the end attitude had changed to medicine knowledge and traditions.