Tag Archives: Livelihood

Strategies for Sustainable Rural Livelihood in Etche Local Government Area (Published)

The study examined strategies for empowering rural women for sustainable livelihood in Etche Local Government Area, Rivers State. the objectives include to determine factors constraining women empowerment  and to identify strategies for women empowerment in the study area. The study adopted a descriptive survey design. A multistage sampling technique was used to select 300 women (respondents). Data were collected using structured questionnaire designed in sections, with each section eliciting responses in respect of the research questions. A test-retest method was used to ascertain the reliability of instrument with r-value of 0.85. data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics. A minimum mean of 2.50 was accepted as the standard. The findings showed that majority (43%) of respondents were between the age range of 40-49 years, majority (40%) had basic education while crop family processing was the primary occupation of majority of the respondents. The study also showed that women empowerment were constrained by gender discrimination; poverty; traditional belief, among others as equal opportunities for access to resources and elimination of discrimination to work and wages were some of the identified strategies for women empowerment. The study recommended that government at all levels should formulate policies that would encourage equal distribution of power right across gender.

Keywords: Empowerment, Livelihood, Rural Women, Sustainability

Assessment of Fuelwood Exploitation and Marketing within Rural-Urban Fringes of Makurdi Town in Central Nigeria (Published)

This study set out to examine the sustainability of fuelwood exploitation and marketing in the rural-urban fringes of Makurdi town in Benue State, Nigeria. A sample of 230 fuelwood dealers was used to obtain data for the study. Findings from the study showed high informality which robbed the activity of definite and regular organisation of activities, and management of the supply base. It was also found that, fuelwood harvesting has led to the decline of species diversity in the area, involving especially Crossopteryx febrifuga and Sysygium guineense. Similarly, income realised from the fuelwood trade was not remunerative to encourage its sustainability. In addition, the study indicated that more villagers were entering fuelwood harvesting and trading activity; 66.0% of respondents joined it only between 2014 and 2016. The study noted that as more people join the trade, greater loss of species will be experienced to ruin the industry. The study recommends restoration of subsidy on kerosene and operation of woodlots by harvesters to sustain the activity.

Keywords: Fuelwood, Harvesting, Livelihood, Marketing, Sustainability

Relationship between Kenya Power Last Mile Connectivity Program and Rural Household Livelihoods in Kapseret Constituency, Uasin Gishu County, Kenya (Published)

The main purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between Kenya Power Last Mile Connectivity Program and rural household livelihoods in Kapseret Constituency, Uasin Gishu County, Kenya. The study was based on Theory of Change. Correlation Research Design was used to examine the study questions. The study targeted 272 respondents who were the connected customers of the Kenya Power Last Mile Connectivity Program in Kapseret Constituency, Uasin Gishu County. A sample size of 161 respondents was selected for the study using simple random sampling. A self-administered questionnaire was used in this study to collect data from each respondent. Content validation method was also used in the research to measure the validity of the instrument. Data collected were analyzed by using both descriptive and inferential statistical methods. The finding revealed that patterns in the distribution of electricity (β1= 0.546, p<0.05), and electricity usage (β2 = 0.283, p<0.05) had a positive and significant effect on rural household livelihoods. Therefore, there is need for Kenya power to raise awareness on the modalities to be made to access electricity in the rural areas. Also, the electricity connection needs to be designed in such a way that it can easily be adapted to both domestic and commercial uses in order to improve rural household livelihoods.               

Keywords: Distribution, Household, Last Mile Connectivity Program, Livelihood, electricity usage

Prioritization of Training Needs of Disadvantaged Young Women for Improved Livelihood for Sustainable Community Development (Published)

Women form the great workforce of every nation. Providing opportunities for women, more especially the young disadvantaged, to participate in the economy will improve their earning capacity, help families to move out of poverty and contribute to overall economy. For disadvantaged young women to meet up with their responsibilities, they need to generate their own income and take decisions for their well-being. Disadvantaged young women capture all young women with fewer opportunities than their peers. They could also be referred to as young women at risk, vulnerable young women with fewer chances to achieve goals, such as education; disconnected or socially and economic exclusive young women. These young disadvantaged women need to be leveraged, given the opportunity in the labour market, education and training, top incorporate innovation approaches to skills acquisition that combine training with employment and income generating opportunities for sustainable livelihood.

Keywords: Disadvantaged young women, Livelihood, training needs and sustainable community development.

Assessment of Fuelwood Exploitation and Marketing within Rural-Urban Fringes of Makurdi Town in Central Nigeria (Published)

This study set out to examine the sustainability of fuelwood exploitation and marketing in the rural-urban fringes of Makurdi town in Benue State, Nigeria. A sample of 230 fuelwood dealers was used to obtain data for the study. Findings from the study showed high informality which robbed the activity of definite and regular organisation of activities, and management of the supply base. It was also found that, fuelwood harvesting has led to the decline of species diversity in the area, involving especially Crossopteryx febrifuga and Sysygium guineense. Similarly, income realised from the fuelwood trade was not remunerative to encourage its sustainability. In addition, the study indicated that more villagers were entering fuelwood harvesting and trading activity; 66.0% of respondents joined it only between 2014 and 2016. The study noted that as more people join the trade, greater loss of species will be experienced to ruin the industry. The study recommends restoration of subsidy on kerosene and operation of woodlots by harvesters to sustain the activity.

 

Keywords: Fuelwood, Harvesting, Livelihood, Marketing, Sustainability

Farmers Perception and Socio-Economic Importance of an Indigenous Fruit Tree In Two Agroecological Zones Of Edo State (Published)

This paper reports on farmers perceptions and the socio-economic importance of Chrysophyllum albidum in two agroecological zones of Edo state, Nigeria. From both zones, ninety (90) household where the fruit trees are produced on a commercial basis were selected through multistage random sampling technique. The data was obtained through a structured questionnaire, interview and focused group discussion with farmers, consumers and sellers of this fruit tree. The data obtained was subjected to descriptive analysis such as frequency, mode and percentages. Findings from the results revealed the economic importance of the species to the people, the desired characteristics of the fruits, the problems associated with the species and evidence of domestication in C. albidum trees especially in the rainforest zone. C. albidum fruit tree is economically important in both agroecological zones and contributes to the sustenance of livelihood of the rural populace. Furthermore, the size of C. albidum fruit and the taste influences the price of the fruit. Thus, Extension services could help farmers obtain greater benefits from this resource by promoting participatory domestication and advice on tree management.

Keywords: Agroecological Zone, Chrysophyllum Albidum, Livelihood, Participatory Domestication

Farmers’ Perception and Socio-Economic Importance of an Indigenous Fruit Tree in Two Agroecological Zones of Edo State, Nigeria. A Case Study of Chrysophylum Albidum (G. Don) (Published)

This paper reports on farmers’ perceptions and the socio-economic importance of Chrysophyllum albidum in two agroecological zones of Edo state, Nigeria. From both zones, ninety (90) household where the fruit trees are produced on a commercial basis were selected through multistage random sampling technique. The data was obtained through a structured questionnaire, interview and focused group discussion with farmers, consumers and sellers of this fruit tree. The data obtained was subjected to descriptive analysis such as frequency, mode and percentages. Findings from the results revealed the economic importance of the species to the people, the desired characteristics of the fruits, the problems associated with the species and evidence of domestication in C. albidum trees especially in the rainforest zone. C. albidum fruit tree is economically important in both agroecological zones and contributes to the sustenance of livelihood of the rural populace. Furthermore, the size of C. albidum fruit and the taste influences the price of the fruit. Thus, Extension services could help farmers obtain greater benefits from this resource by promoting participatory domestication and advice on tree management.

Keywords: Agroecological Zone, Chrysophyllum Albidum, Livelihood, Participatory Domestication, Socio-Economic Importance

Fuel Wood Commercialization and Households Welfare in the Northern Region of Ghana: An Implications for Rural Livelihood Improvement (Published)

Several national forestry policies in Ghana meet resistance and or failure; particularly issues of natural and environment resources use within communities. This is because of the highly dependent nature of people on the environment for sustenance and welfare improvements. This paper examined the major facts which motivate households’ decisions to engage in commercialization of fuelwood; determined the most preferred fuel wood species, and availability of income inequality among sampled districts and establish fuelwood, commercialization and households’ welfare by the travel cost method.  The study sampled six districts in the Northern Region based on poverty and rural dependence mode. The paper used the simple random sample along with a structured questionnaire to illicit information from respondents. The results showed that, increased in travel cost and cost of access to forested sites impact negatively on the number of visits for fuel wood. The study further revealed that, benefits from fuel wood commercialization in terms of reducing income inequality differ from district to district. The study recommended that, government and international organizations should facilitate the cultivation forest sites solely for fuel wood harvest to ensure environmental sustainability. In addition, fuel wood harvesters must be taught forest management and conservation strategies in the Northern Region.

Keywords: Commercialization, Fuel Wood, Inequality, Livelihood, Welfare, households