Linkages between Green Energy Policies and Climate Change Law and Challenges towards a Greater Coherent Policy (Published)
All over the world, national governments and policy makers have been strong in their stance on the fight against global climate change due to human-made factors. Climate change law and green energy policy were critical in the movement for using green or renewable energy sources in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and, therefore, slowing down the process of change in the earth’s climate. The aim of this study is to understand the basics of climate change and green energy and to identify and understand the relationship between the two regulatory efforts. It also aimed to identify the challenges in coming up a single, cohesive policy for the two regulatory efforts. Through scanning literature, discussion on the basics of climate change and green or renewable energy were presented. The study highlighted the aspects that established the linkages between the two regulatory efforts, which include (1) most of the green energy policies and climate change laws around the world were leaned towards the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, and (2) the incentive-levy system to encourage the use of green energy sources. Challenges facing the establishment of a cohesive policy for the two regulatory efforts include (1) difficulty of establishing a single framework for supporting green energy technologies that addresses both clean energy generation and climate change in a wider context, (2) challenges relating to process management of energy services, and (3) compatibility of the two regulatory efforts.
Rural Community Tourism as a Catalyst for Rural Entrepreneurship Development: Case of Miso Walai Homestay Program in Malaysia (Review Completed - Accepted)
The role of Community Based Ecotourism (CBET) towards rural community development has been realized particularly in the developing countries. Some of the CBT sites have become an incubator for rural entrepreneurial activities, which gradually developed into a hub for small scale enterprises (SME). This paper shares the experience of Miso Walai Homestay, a model CBT located in Batu Puteh, Kinabatangan in the state of Sabah, Malaysia that has directly and directly changed the mindset of the local community towards entrepreneurism and business environment. The researchers used the qualitative approach through combining semi-structured interviews and participant observation to understand how CBT triggered the development and growth of local small scale businesses and prepares the local community to embark on new business ventures.The CBT in Batu Puteh acts as an incubator to prepare the local community towards being entrepreneurs by solidifying the local community’s confidence in their ability to create business opportunities as well as their skills in running a business. CBT also creates an enabling environment for the growth of local small-scale businesses as evidenced by the establishment of new cooperatives and new businesses. The intervention of these businesses along the CBT value chain has created and will create significant economic return on investments for the local people; and minimize economic leakages through their local linkages