Nigerians Perspectives on Covid-19 Pandemic and How It Affects Their Lifestyle and Financial Status (Published)
Covid-19 is a viral disease that originated from Wuhan province of China. The virus has rapidly crossed borders, infecting and killing people in many countries including Nigeria. Undoubtedly, the pandemic has massive impact on the activities of Nigerians, including social lifestyle and income. The age-long communal behavior of Nigerians, like attendance to religion gatherings, ceremonies, and sports, has been hampered due to covid-19 pandemic. Also, due to this pandemic, Nigeria´s economy has declined drastically. This study was conducted to understand the perspective of Nigerians about Covid-19, and how it affected their lifestyle and financial status. Method: An online survey was conducted using the combination of few open ended and closed ended questions to gather data from a total of 325 respondents in Nigeria. Results: Majority of the respondents had adequate knowledge about the Covid-19 infection, its preventive measures, and its mode of transmission. Furthermore, over half of the respondents admitted that the pandemic has adversely affected their social lifestyle and financial status. Conclusion: There is need for provision of financial assistance and distribution of palliatives to all Nigerians during this pandemic. The government should also ensure the safety of all citizens, as social vices increase amidst the pandemic. A policy against increment of price of commodities should be established and implemented.
The Lifestyle Society in Using Swimming Pool: A Study in Dendang Tirta Swimming Pool, Stabat District, Langkat Regency (Published)
Dendang Tirta Swimming Pool as an entertainment object that is purely entertainment. Like visitors coming from students the original goal is to fulfill extracurricular activities that are talent and sports development. However on the other hand, students also use the swimming pool as their entertainment facility. Visitors more interpret the Dendang Tirta swimming pool as a recreational vehicle compared to sports facilities. This meaning is certainly motivated by the social stratification of the community in Langkat District. In addition, visitors also interpret the swimming pool as a lifestyle of interaction between individuals, families with community groups
Introduction: Medical school is stressful throughout all courses of practicing which may contribute to the student’s unhealthy lifestyle patterns. The primary goal of the study is to assess the healthy habits practice among Taif University medical students and its relation to academic level. Methods: A cross-sectional study of the medical students from the second to sixth year at Taif University School of Medicine, Taif, Saudi Arabia that was conducted between December 2015 and January 2016. We used a Lifestyle Assessment Inventory questionnaire to assess the healthy habits. Each positive healthy response from each participant was counted as 1 point with a maximum score of 24 points. Those scored>18 points were considered to have very healthy lifestyle. Result: A total of 204 student with a mean age of 22.1 years, and majority of them were 5th year student. 52.9% reports unhealthy lifestyle patterns. Compared to the junior medical students, senior medical students were more likely to be older (p <0.001), more likely to reports very healthy lifestyle (p <0.011), walk more than junior (p 0.454), play less sport (p 0.856), find it easier to relax (p 0.331), more able to cope with daily stress (p 0.713), less likely to use seat belt (p 0.226), less likely to over speed (p 0.648), more likely to report optimal sleep (p 0.568), reports less family support (p 0.006), less likely to have close friends (p 0.009), less likely to smoke (p <0.001),less likely to reports eating 3 balanced meals per day (p 0.0403) (Table 2). Conclusion: Overall, 52.9% of the screened students reports unhealthy lifestyle patterns. Seniors were significantly less likely to report social support, smoke and to use tobacco products.
In most novels for teens in Iran, one or more major or minor characters of the story are adolescents who each have their own speech and behavior. It seems that the authors pay attention to Iranian life style in the novels primarily to draw attention of adolescents to the text and secondary to reflect Iranian life style in their text. In this paper, lifestyle of teenage characters in the text of teenage novels during 2010– 2012 based on the pattern of Iranian lifestyles is analyzed with regard to the four indexes (traditional, leisure, cultural and managerial-care). The findings of the content analysis show that all indexes of Iranian life style are noted in young adult novels, and the most attraction was directed to the traditional index. In addition, the use of indices between girls and boys is different in the novels.
Association between Optimism, Dietary Habits, Lifestyle and General Health Self-Assessment: A Pilot Study (Published)
The aim of the study was to develop and standardize a new questionnaire to examine the relationship between optimism, dietary habits, lifestyle and general health self-assessment. A pilot study was conducted in a sample of 114 individuals of general population in Sparti/Greece. The questionnaire combines a general health self-assessment questionnaire (GHSAQ), the GrLOT-R, the weekly dietary habits, a personal/family medical history and a lifestyle questionnaire. The mean score of GrLOT-R and GHSAQ was found equal to 20.209(±3.817) and 27.482(±4.164) respectively. Higher score on GHSAQ was associated with the frequency of consumption of kiwi (p=0.027), orange (p=0.022), green tea (p=0.044) and raw olive oil (p=0.044). Higher score in GrLOT-R was associated with the frequency of consumption of fruits (p=0.028), pepper (p=0.037), red cabbage (p=0.011) and carrot (p=0.023). GHSAQ and GrLOT-R have acceptable internal validity (Cronbach’s α=0.719 and 0.723 respectively) and a very high Test-Retest reliability (Pearson’s r=0.928 and ICC=0.962 for GHSAQ and Pearson’s r=0.950 and ICC=0.983 for GrLOT-R). The new questionnaire is reliable and valid. High vitamins, antioxidants intake and water consumption seem to influence positively optimism and general health self-assessment
The body cannot be healthier than the food man eats. Nutrition is to health what drug is to the body too. This paper seeks to highlight the relationship between diet and longevity most importantly in prevention of morbidity and recovery from ill-health. Nutrition is coming to the fore as a major modifiable determinant of chronic disease, with scientific evidence increasingly supporting the view that alterations in diet have strong effects, both positive and negative, on health throughout life. Diet has been known for many years to play a key role as a risk factor for chronic disease. Hunger, malnutrition and poor lifestyle remain among the most devastating problems facing the majority of the world’s poor and needy people; our communities inclusive. The Objective is to clarify the role of diet in preventing and controlling morbidity and premature mortality resulting from non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Using Health Belief Model (HBM), questionnaire was designed for data collection, 100 questionnaires were administered, interviews and existing literature were used too. Data generated were analyzed using descriptive statistics such as mean, simple percentages and illustrative graphs. The findings show that poverty, ignorance, poor lifestyle and inequality were discovered to be the major limiting factors to proper nutrition which would have boosted health and longevity. The study demonstrated 65% increase in morbidity cases among the low income earners and the ignorant as to the average income earners and the ignorant. The result shows that there is a strong relationship between nutrition and health. Ignorance, as one of the limiting factors to proper dieting, is at the fore front. Base on this study/ findings, it is recommended that local food be patronized too in our locality and stakeholders should organize food/agricultural programmes at least annually to ensure knowledge is increased on proper nutrition with the aim of promoting healthy living