Perceived Constraints to the Utilization of ICT Facilities in Selected University Libraries in Imo State, Nigeria (Published)
Citation: Ijeoma Irene Bernard., Doris Chinyere Obiano and Chioma Esther Osuji (2022) Perceived Constraints to the Utilization of ICT Facilities in Selected University Libraries in Imo State, Nigeria, International Journal of Library and Information Science Studies, Vol.8, No.1, pp.33-38
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to ascertain the challenges of utilization of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) facilities in two selected University Libraries in Imo State. A sample size of sixty (60) library staff from the two selected University Libraries was used. Data were analyzed using mean and standard deviation. The results showed that the major constraints faced in use of ICT tools include epileptic power supply, lack of access to ICT facilities and lack of adequate office/accomodation. From the above findings, the study recommended that the institutions should go ahead to acquire more current and relevant ICT facilities that are not yet available. That the staff should be given free access to the facilities and provide adequate office space for operations. There should be regular training of staff on ICT both in-house and otherwise so that staff will be more equipped to use the facilities for enhancement.
Strategic Approach to Networking and Promotion of Information Products and Services in Nigerian University Libraries: With Focus to University Libraries in Imo State Nigeria (Published)
Library networking entails sharing the resources of a library with users of other libraries. This article explored various resources and services shared between university libraries in Imo State. It also identified the rationale for the networking. Also it identified some networking tools/ platforms utilized in the course of the networking. The study gave some benefits derived towards improving information resources and services through networking. Finally it identified some of the factors hindering effective information resources and services networking and promotion. Descriptive survey research method was employed to investigate a total population of 49 academic librarians in university libraries in Imo State. The structured questionnaire was used to collect data for the research of which the totality of the questionnaire representing 100% were duly filled and returned for analysis. Findings revealed the resources and services that were networked and shared. It also revealed the rationale behind the networking and promotion of information resources and services. The findings discovered some of the tools used in the networking and promotion of the information resources. The study also identified some benefits towards improving networking and promotion of information resources and services finally the study revealed the factors hindering effective networking and promotion of information resources and services.
Yaba College of Technology Library: Resources Utilisation for Effective Services Delivery to Users Community (Published)
The paper looked at Yaba College of Technology, library Lagos in the provision of information resources and services to students and staff of the institution. Questionnaire was the instrument use for gathering data from One hundred (100) respondents which were randomly selected out of which eighty (80) were returned and found useful for the study. This research revealed that majority of the respondents were aware of the existence of library in the school but do not fully utilized it because the information resources of the library are outdated that could not meet information needs of user due to the above constraints the respondents look elsewhere to get their information need satisfied. The study then gave some recommendations as a way forward to promote effective service delivery by the library to the target users. Amongst these is that there is a need to have a functional library with modern information resources (ICT) with qualified personnel with adequate skills essential for effective utilization of e- resources. In order to ensure that staff of the library is efficient in their daily services delivery library as essential information center should at least once in a year attend a skill acquisition programme relevant to their areas of operations. In order for the library to play its role, especially in this Information age, it must be adequately funded by the government and other stakeholders. The failure of academic library like that of Yaba College of Technology has been largely responsible for failure of Nigerian academic institutions in overall global rating of the academic institution in which Yaba College of technology is known as one of the foremost academic institutions in the world assessment team
Assessment of digital literacy skills of 21st century librarians in private university libraries in Anambra state (Published)
The purpose of this study was to assess digital literacy skills of 21st century librarians in private university libraries in Anambra State. Descriptive survey design was adopted for the study. The area of the study was Anambra State located in the South East Geopolitical Region of Nigeria. The population of the study comprised all the 23 practicing librarians in the three private university libraries in Anambra State. The entire population was used because it was small and manageable. The questionnaire was the research instruments used for data collection. The instrument was validated by two experts from Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University library. Data collected was analyzed using mean scores. 2.50 was used as the benchmark. The major findings of the study includes that academic librarians in private universities in Anambra State possess digital literacy skills, the librarians sponsor themselves to training on digital literacy, they attend trainings twice a year and power failure and poor internet are the challenges librarians in private universities in Anambra State face. Based on the findings, the study recommends among others that academic librarians working in private universities in Anambra State should endeavor to acquire all the digital literacy skills required for perfect service delivery; the management of private university libraries in Anambra State should provide financial sponsorship to the academic librarians for digital literacy skill acquisition and professional development in general; librarians should attend trainings on digital literacy skills more often, standby power generating source and strong internet bandwidth should be provided for the libraries.
Impact of integration of Information and Communication Technologies in Library Instruction Methodology on students in Federal Universities in Nigeria (Published)
The study is on the impact the integration of ICT in library instruction methodology has on students in federal universities in Nigeria. The study adopted a random sampling method with a sampled population of 496 derived from 2018/2019 session 100 level students. Two major instruments were developed for data collection and validated by two senior lecturers from the Department of Library and Information Science, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria with a reliability level of 0.82 and 0.84 respectively using Cronbach alpha (α) procedure. The outcome of the study shows that there is a diversion from the traditional method (theoretical) of instruction with the integration of ICT which enhances students’ mastery of the use of library and other related technologies.
Impact of Library Services and Resources on Undergraduate Students as users of faculty Library: A case study of Faculty of Management Science Library, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology (LAUTECH) Ogbomoso, Nigeria (Published)
This paper examined the impact of library resources and service on undergraduate students as users of Faculty library. The research also based on the type of materials accessed by users, impact of library services provided, adequacy of library resources and service, problem faced in the usage of faculty library and solution. To retrieve the necessary information, a questionnaire was randomly distributed to a sample of 300 respondents drawn from a population of 600 library users of undergraduate students of Faculty of Management Science Library, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso, Oyo State, Nigeria. The findings revealed that library resources were not stressful to access to students as a result of adequacies emanating from resources. A response rate of at least 100% was achieved. The researcher used frequency and simple percentage to analyze the data, the outcome results indicated that the majority of 78% of the respondents find the resources and service of Faculty Library effective. 85% of the respondents agreed that the Faculty Library resources are adequate for their various information needs. Base on the finding, recommendations were made in order to boost the library services and resources provided to meet more of the demands of teeming population of users. It was recommended among others that electronic /online information resources should be made available in the library to help students and scholars to have access to current materials. Also the library collection should be well organized to ensure that the catalogue and other bibliographic access resources reflect the truth content of the library.
Differences in Students’ Behavior and Attitude regarding Study at Home and Library in Focus Private Library at Wad Medani 2019 (Published)
Background: library is a curated collection of sources of information and similar resources, selected by experts and made accessible to a defined community for reference or borrowing, often in a quiet environment conducive to study. Greatest benefit for many is having fewer distractions. At home one might have to contend with roommates, pets, and other temptations. In addition to fewer of these distractions, the library can provide you with a wealth of educational resources that can aid you in your studies. Objectives: This study is aim to compare studying in library and at home in different aspects. Methods: This is cross sectional descriptive community base study. Results: Total number of students were 150, estimation number of hours when students study in library were: 7.3% of students study more than 10 hours, 53.3% of students study 5-10 hours, 35.3% study 2-5 hours and 4% of students study less than 2 hours. Estimation number of hours when students study at home were 3.3% of students study more than 10 hours, 12.7% of students study 5-10 hours, 44.7% of students study 2-5 hours and 39.3% of students study less than 2 hours. This study found out 93.3% of student prefer study at library while 6.7% of students prefer study at home .Conclusion: This study conclude that the Liberary is the suitable and preferable place for studing in majority of participants, and the maximal hours spend on studing are found to be in people studing in liberary.
An Empirical study of Librarians and Libraries as drivers of access to Knowledge in Ebonyi State, Nigeria (Published)
The library from inception plays a very crucial role in the extension and modification of knowledge. The growing need for knowledge management has influenced every component and operation of a library. This is built on the fact that it is only by transmission of knowledge by each succeeding generation can civilization maintain itself and make advance upon the knowledge of the past. The individual and social meaning of education can only take place on the backdrop of beliefs and values of a particular social setting. In both, the library has a crucial role to play. The library we know is a social system that stores and disseminates information which is knowledge. This paper therefore is an empirical study of Librarians and libraries as drivers of access to knowledge using Ebonyi State, Nigeria as a case in point. This researcher applied a descriptive study method with a sampled population of 138 randomly selected from the different libraries in the State. The study investigated ways through which librarians and libraries operate as drivers of access to knowledge as well as the various challenges encountered by librarians that militate against their optimal performance as drivers of access to knowledge. The study also identified ways of enhancing the role of Librarians and libraries as drivers of access to knowledge. The instrument for the study was structured according to the modified Likert scale on four point rating scale. On this scale, the average mean cut off is 2.50. To this end, an item is accepted if it is 2.50 and above and rejected if it is below 2.50. Statistically, frequencies, percentages and mean scores were used to compute the data collected that led to the decision rule.
Library and Information Services: A Panacea for Promoting Teacher Education Programmes in Nigeria to Meet Global Demands (Published)
Teacher education programmes in Nigeria have come under heavy criticism these past decades; with government and stakeholders expressing so much concern as to why the graduates are not excelling, despite the huge resources expended in the programme. The paper discussed the concept of education, teacher education programmes, the quite essential role libraries and librarians play in the advancement of teacher education programmes to meet the global demand. The paper identified some challenges facing the teacher education programme ranging from inadequate information resource, poor information utilization due to lack of information literacy skills, poor integration of new technologies in library service delivery in teacher education libraries, poor internet subscription in the E-library, and poor library services for teacher education programme. Given the fact that libraries are known as knowledge and information centres for the dissemination of information, referral, consultancy, and advocacy services. Suggestions on how libraries can advance TE programme by providing adequate print, non-print resources, effective e-resources and functional e-library and teach information literacy skills for trainee teachers to enhance teacher education programmes and students in the utilization of information for learning and researches to meet global demands.
The changes in library operations and service delivery inundated by emerging technologies, pose a need for library and information science educators to adopt a global initiative to resolve curriculum and training issues in library schools in Africa. To this end, this paper reviews Library and Information Science education in Nigeria,Library and Information Science curriculum reforms, ICT and LISE, entrepreneurial skills in LISE and major challenges facing LISE in Nigeria.The paper presented a module for a proposed curriculum, identified the entrepreneurial skills needed by LISE graduates and posited that a dearth of qualified IT professionals in Library schools, poor funding, poor policy implementation among others are the major challenges facing LISE in Nigeria. The study recommended that effective policy implementation is an essential tool to enhance LISE transformation in Nigeria. Also, the opportunities the Information technology application offers will transform library and information science education, and these will help bridge the gap between the two worlds.
The changes in library operations and service delivery inundated by emerging technologies, pose a need for library and information science educators to adopt a global initiative to resolve curriculum and training issues in library schools in Africa. To this end, this paper reviews Library and Information Science education in Nigeria, Library and Information Science curriculum reforms, ICT and LISE, entrepreneurial skills in LISE and major challenges facing LISE in Nigeria. The paper presented a module for a proposed curriculum, identified the entrepreneurial skills needed by LISE graduates and posited that a dearth of qualified IT professionals in Library schools, poor funding, poor policy implementation among others are the major challenges facing LISE in Nigeria. The study recommended that effective policy implementation is an essential tool to enhance LISE transformation in Nigeria. Also, the opportunities the Information technology application offers will transform library and information science education, and these will help bridge the gap between the two worlds.
Corporate Downsizing and Its Impact on Human Resources Management in Libraries and Information Centres (Published)
Corporate downsizing has become a strategy of choice by a multitude of organizations worldwide. The prime impetus for most downsizing activities is the desire to attain higher levels of efficiency, effectiveness, profitability, and competitiveness. The adoption of downsizing has shown to have considerable impact on the organization and its many stakeholders. There is strong evidence suggesting that the consequences of downsizing are persistently negative. Indeed, numerous organizations around the world embarking upon downsizing have failed to accomplish their highly anticipated objectives. It has also been shown that the execution of downsizing is not confined to economic and organizational realms, but has profound after-effects upon all stakeholders. Corporate downsizing continues to be a major strategy used by organizations to cope with a dynamic and turbulent global marketplace. A fundamental assumption made by executives is that this strategy improves the financial health of the corporation. Organizations go for downsizing to increase their efficiency and reduce costs but it may result in dissatisfaction among employees. This paper therefore investigates the perceived impact of corporate downsizing on human resource management with particular reference to library and information centres.
University Library Services and Academic Success of Students: A Case Study of Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria (Published)
This research is a venture into a study of the impact of some selected library services on the academic success of students of the Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria with a view to establish if there exists any relationship between specific library services and academic performance of students. A test-retest reliability method of two weeks interval was conducted. Responses obtained were subjected to Pearson Products Moment Correlation (PPMC) method and a reliability coefficient of 0.83 was obtained. Multistage sampling technique was employed. 1656 respondents were selected for the study, with 89% response rate. Descriptive and inferential statistics were employed in the study. The study found that the significant mean score of Internet services (3.33), Selective dissemination of Information SDI(2.93), and circulation services(2.97) were above average (2.5) with reference services(2.46) alone being below average. However, only Internet Services(R=0.880 p-value=0.049<0.05) was found to correlate significantly with the student academic performance. The most utilized services at FUTO library are the internet services, seconded by Book Loan services. It was recommended that more effort should be put to ensure the sustenance of internet and circulation services as they help students achieve higher test scores.
Digitization entails the conversion of traditional library materials such as printed books and papers into digital formats where they can be stored and manipulated by a computer. This paper discussed digitization of library resources, process, and challenges at the Federal University of Technology, Owerri. The article outlined the advantages of digitization and further revealed some hurdles that prevent effective digitization in Nigerian academic libraries with particular reference to FUTO library. These challenges include among others: inadequate funding, erratic power supply, lack of modern infrastructure, lack of skilled staff and nonchalant attitude of departments. Also, the paper explored efforts made so far by the management of FUTO library in addressing the challenges of digitization.
Challenges and Strategies to Enhance Staff Development for Effective Library Services in Special Libraries in Benue State – Nigeria (Published)
The study was designed to examine the challenges as well as to find the remedies to staff development for effective library services in special libraries in Benue state of Nigeria. The study was guided by three research questions in line with the objectives of the study. Descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study. The population for this study was 25 library staff from the 2 special libraries in Benue state. Data were collected using questionnaire. Data collected were analyzed using percentage and mean scores. The findings revealed that, Lecture method, Job Rotation, Coaching Method, Mentorship, mention among others were accepted as methods used for staff development in special libraries The result also shows the problems associated with staff development in the special libraries to include lack of fund for developing library programmes, poor budgetary allocation to special libraries, lack of more sponsored programmes for staff development, discrimination against library staff by the management of parents’ organizations and lack of due process in staff selection for trainings. The study also recommended establishment of a well written staff development policy, placement of non-qualified personnel to head libraries should be checkmated by regulatory bodies, discrimination against library staff by parent organizations should be discouraged and provision of adequate training facilities. The study concluded that staff development may not be the magical approach for enhancing effective library services even though the attitudes of staff is significant but special libraries in Benue state need to improve their services to meet the growing demand for information in the modern era despite all odds.