Tag Archives: Leverage

Evaluation of Integrated Reporting and the Value of Listed Manufacturing Firms in Nigeria (Published)

Integrated reporting is gaining attention of world-leading organizations and countries who are demonstrating global leadership in this emerging field of corporate reporting. However, the disclosure of non-financial information and its integration with financial information (integrated reports) and the benefits to the company and other stakeholders is not yet properly assessed in Nigeria. Prior studies in this area in different environments have produced mixed results and conclusions. This study examined the effect of integrated reporting on the value of listed manufacturing companies in Nigeria. The study adopted ex-post facto research design. The population of the study comprised 53 manufacturing companies quoted on the Nigerian Stock Exchange (NSE) as at 30th June 2017, from which 38 companies were purposively selected comprising companies from consumer goods and industrial goods during the study period (2012-2016). Data were sourced from the published audited financial statements validated by the external auditors’ report. Descriptive and inferential statistics using regression analyses were employed. The findings revealed that integrated reporting had significant effects on firm’s value measured by Tobin’s Q (TQ) (F(4, 131) = 22.75, Adj. R2 = .1470, p <0.05). Disclosure of Financial Capital (DFC) had a significant negative effect on TQ (β1 = -4.41; t(135)= -6.71, p <0.05); Disclosure of Manufactured Capital (DMC) had an insignificant positive effect on TQ (β2 = 0.051; t(135)= 0.14, p >0.05); Disclosure of Intellectual and Human Capital (DIHC) had an insignificant negative effect on TQ (β3 = -0.994; t(135)= -0.69, p >0.05); and Disclosure of Natural Capital (DNC) had an insignificant negative effect on TQ (β4 = -0.438; t(135)= -0.41, p >0.05). Firms’ size (SIZE) and leverage (FLEV) had significantly controlled the influence of integrated reporting on TQ (F(6,129) = 24.08, Adj. R2 = .1636, p <0.05). The study concluded that integrated reporting is still at its early stage of adoption in Nigeria and could be useful in determining the firm’s value of listed manufacturing companies in Nigeria. It was recommended that regulators should increase awareness, training and provide a framework for the mandatory adoption of integrated reporting in Nigeria.

 

Keywords: Disclosure, Leverage, Size, firm’s value, integrated reporting, integrated thinking, tobin’s q. transformation, value creation

Evaluation of Integrated Reporting and the Value of Listed Manufacturing Firms in Nigeria (Published)

Integrated reporting is gaining attention of world-leading organizations and countries who are demonstrating global leadership in this emerging field of corporate reporting. However, the disclosure of non-financial information and its integration with financial information (integrated reports) and the benefits to the company and other stakeholders is not yet properly assessed in Nigeria. Prior studies in this area in different environments have produced mixed results and conclusions. This study examined the effect of integrated reporting on the value of listed manufacturing companies in Nigeria. The study adopted ex-post facto research design. The population of the study comprised 53 manufacturing companies quoted on the Nigerian Stock Exchange (NSE) as at 30th June 2017, from which 38 companies were purposively selected comprising companies from consumer goods and industrial goods during the study period (2012-2016). Data were sourced from the published audited financial statements validated by the external auditors’ report. Descriptive and inferential statistics using regression analyses were employed. The findings revealed that integrated reporting had significant effects on firm’s value measured by Tobin’s Q (TQ) (F(4, 131) = 22.75, Adj. R2 = .1470, p <0.05). Disclosure of Financial Capital (DFC) had a significant negative effect on TQ (β1 = -4.41; t(135)= -6.71, p <0.05); Disclosure of Manufactured Capital (DMC) had an insignificant positive effect on TQ (β2 = 0.051; t(135)= 0.14, p >0.05); Disclosure of Intellectual and Human Capital (DIHC) had an insignificant negative effect on TQ (β3 = -0.994; t(135)= -0.69, p >0.05); and Disclosure of Natural Capital (DNC) had an insignificant negative effect on TQ (β4 = -0.438; t(135)= -0.41, p >0.05). Firms’ size (SIZE) and leverage (FLEV) had significantly controlled the influence of integrated reporting on TQ (F(6,129) = 24.08, Adj. R2 = .1636, p <0.05). The study concluded that integrated reporting is still at its early stage of adoption in Nigeria and could be useful in determining the firm’s value of listed manufacturing companies in Nigeria. It was recommended that regulators should increase awareness, training and provide a framework for the mandatory adoption of integrated reporting in Nigeria.

Keywords: Disclosure, Leverage, Size, firm’s value, integrated reporting, integrated thinking, tobin’s q. transformation, value creation

Determinants of Survival of Listed Deposit Money Banks in Nigeria (Published)

In the business world, stakeholders are subject to several risks on investment including losing their venture. The existence of a healthy corporate structure is vital to the pursuit of the going concern objective of firms. This study investigates determinants of listed Deposit Money Banks’ (DMBs) survival in Nigeria. The sixteen listed DMBs in Nigeria as at December 2017 were used as the population and fifteen were sampled by applying a judgemental sampling technique. The study adopted descriptive and ex-post facto research design. The Emerging Market score (EM score) model was applied in the prediction of going concern status of sampled DMBs. The data used were obtained from the annual reports and accounts of the DMBs for 2007 to 2017 accounting periods. The data were analysed using Robust GLS Regression model. The study found that there is a positive and significant impact of liquidity, leverage, profitability, solvency and asset management on DMBs’ going concern (GC). This implies that, any increase in these determinants would lead to increase in GC of DMBs. With the adjusted r2 of 0.98 and F-value significance at 0.000 from the model used in the study, the study concludes that the independent variables in the EM score model are relevant in determining the GC of DMBs. It is highly recommended that DMBs should enhance their survival status (EM score of 5.48) by improving on their liquidity, profitability, solvency, leverage and asset management ratios to solidify their GC status.

Keywords: Asset Management, EMscore, Leverage, Liquidity, Profitability, Share Price, Solvency

Impact of Liquidity Risk on Firm Specific Factors: A Case of Islamic Banks of Pakistan (Published)

The major objective of the study is to develop a model and to test the relationship among liquidity risk and firm performance through its facets.  The main facets of firm performance in the study are i-e profitability, firm size, leverage, share prices and earnings on assets. The present study mainly attempts to analyses qualitative, quantitative & contextual relationship of liquidity risk in Pakistan. Moreover, liquidity risk is less investigated in Pakistan and mainly regarding Islamic banking sector with respect to current data. Therefore, study is mainly investigated on the fourth pillar of significance i-e contextual significance. While, Islamic banking sector of Pakistan is investigated in current study. And the data is acquired from state bank of Pakistan database and through annual reports of the banks. Though, the study has supported past investigations results. Hence, the study has revealed key findings that will be fruitful for theorists, educationists and research scholars as well.

Keywords: Contextual study, Islamic banking, Leverage, Liquidity risk, Pakistan, Profitability, Return on Assets, bank size

Determinants of Disclosure Completeness of Financial Statements an Empirical Study in Indonesia (Published)

This study aims to determine the effect of firm size, liquidity, and leverage on the completeness of the disclosure of financial statements on mining companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange in 2010-2014. The data used in this research is secondary data, such as financial statements. The number of companies who researched many as 18 companies over five years, bringing the total number of samples totaling 90 samples. Data analysis technique used is multiple linear regression analysis using software eviews 8.0. The results of this study showed that simultaneous company size, liquidity, and leverage significant effect on the completeness of the disclosure of financial statements. Partially size and liquidity significantly influence the completeness of the disclosure of financial statements, but leverage does not significantly influence the completeness of the disclosure of financial statements

Keywords: : Company Size, Financial Statements, Leverage, Liquidity

Do Profitability And Size Affect Financial Leverage Of Jordanian Industrial Listed Companies (Published)

The main purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of Profitability, and firm’s Size as independent variables on leverage as proxy of Debt to Total Assets ratio (leverage) as dependent variable. A sample of 52 Jordanian Industrial listed companies on Amman Stock Exchange (ASE) for the year ended Dec.31, 2013 was selected. The results of the research show that there is a significant effect of profitability in for of ROA , and size on leverage of industrial companies , on the contrary , ROE has not. Therefore, industrial companies may enhance the profitability of their firms by maximizing the profit, and increasing financial assets compared with total assets. So, the study concludes some recommendations that are beneficial to the stakeholders.

Keywords: Debt Ratio, Industrial Companies, Jordan, Leverage